Best Fruits For Kidney Health is to include healthy fruits in your diet. By consuming the right foods, you can help boost your kidney health and regulates your blood pressure. But apples are not the only fruits that can provide the necessary nutrients for keeping your kidneys in tip-top shape. There are several other fruits that can be included in you regular diet, providing you with all kinds of health benefits.
The 10 Best Foods for People with Kidney Disease
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Kidney disease is a common problem affecting about 10% of the world’s population
The kidneys are small but powerful bean-shaped organs that perform many important functions.
They are responsible for filtering waste products, releasing hormones that regulate blood pressure, balancing fluids in the body, producing urine, and many other essential tasks
There are various ways in which these vital organs can become damaged.
Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common risk factors for kidney disease. However, obesity, smoking, genetics, gender, and age can also increase the risk
Uncontrolled blood sugar and high blood pressure cause damage to blood vessels in the kidneys, reducing their ability to function optimally
When the kidneys aren’t working properly, waste builds up in the blood, including waste products from food
Therefore, it’s necessary for people with kidney disease to follow a special diet.
Diet and kidney disease
Dietary restrictions vary depending on the level of kidney damage.
For example, people in the early stages of kidney disease have different restrictions than those with kidney failure, also known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD)
If you have kidney disease, your health care provider will determine the best diet for your needs.
For most people with advanced kidney disease, it’s important to follow a kidney-friendly diet that helps decrease the amount of waste in the blood.
This diet is often referred to as a renal diet.
It helps boost kidney function while preventing further damage
While dietary restrictions vary, it’s commonly recommended that all people with kidney disease restrict the following nutrients:
- Sodium. Sodium is found in many foods
and a major component of table salt. Damaged kidneys can’t filter out
excess sodium, causing its blood levels to rise. It’s often recommended to
limit sodium to less than 2,000 mg per day
- Potassium. Potassium plays many critical
roles in the body, but those with kidney disease need to limit potassium
to avoid dangerously high blood levels. It’s usually recommended to limit
potassium to less than 2,000 mg per day
- Phosphorus. Damaged kidneys can’t
remove excess phosphorus, a mineral in many foods. High levels can cause
damage to the body, so dietary phosphorus is restricted to less than
800–1,000 mg per day in most patients
Protein is another nutrient that people with kidney disease may need to limit, as damaged kidneys can’t clear out waste products from protein metabolism.
However, those with end-stage renal disease undergoing dialysis, a treatment that filters and cleans the blood, have greater protein needs
Each person with kidney disease is different, which is why it’s important to talk to your healthcare provider about your individual dietary needs.
Luckily, many delicious and healthy options are low in phosphorus, potassium, and sodium.
Here are 20 of the best foods for people with kidney disease.
Cauliflower is a nutritious vegetable that’s a good source of many nutrients, including vitamin C, vitamin K, and the B vitamin folate.
It’s also full of anti-inflammatory compounds like indoles and is an excellent source of fiber (
Plus, mashed cauliflower can be used in place of potatoes for a low potassium side dish.
One cup (124 grams) of cooked cauliflower contains
- sodium: 19 mg
- potassium: 176 mg
- phosphorus: 40 mg
Blueberries are packed with nutrients and one of the best sources of antioxidants you can eat
In particular, these sweet berries contain antioxidants called anthocyanins, which may protect against heart disease, certain cancers, cognitive decline, and diabetes
They also make a fantastic addition to a kidney-friendly diet, as they are low in sodium, phosphorus, and potassium.
One cup (148 grams) of fresh blueberries contains
- sodium: 1.5 mg
- potassium: 114 mg
- phosphorus: 18 mg
3. Sea bass
Sea bass is a high quality protein that contains incredibly healthy fats called omega-3s.
Omega-3s help reduce inflammation and may help decrease the risk of cognitive decline, depression, and anxiety
While all fish are high in phosphorus, sea bass contains lower amounts than other seafood.
However, it’s important to consume small portions to keep your phosphorus levels in check.
Three ounces (85 grams) of cooked sea bass contain
- sodium: 74 mg
- potassium: 279 mg
- phosphorus: 211 mg
4. Red grapes
Red grapes are not only delicious but also deliver a ton of nutrition in a small package.
They’re high in vitamin C and contain antioxidants called flavonoids, which have been shown to reduce inflammation
Additionally, red grapes are high in resveratrol, a type of flavonoid that has been shown to benefit heart health and protect against diabetes and cognitive decline
These sweet fruits are kidney-friendly, with a half cup (75 grams) containing
- sodium: 1.5 mg
- potassium: 144 mg
- phosphorus: 15 mg
5. Egg whites
Although egg yolks are very nutritious, they contain high amounts of phosphorus, making egg whites a better choice for people following a renal diet.
Egg whites provide a high quality, kidney-friendly source of protein.
Plus, they’re an excellent choice for people undergoing dialysis treatment, who have higher protein needs but need to limit phosphorus.
Two large egg whites (66 grams) contain
- sodium: 110 mg
- potassium: 108 mg
- phosphorus: 10 mg
People with kidney problems are advised to limit the amount of sodium in their diet, including added salt.
Garlic provides a delicious alternative to salt, adding flavor to dishes while providing nutritional benefits.
It’s a good source of manganese, vitamin C, and vitamin B6 and contains sulfur compounds that have anti-inflammatory properties.
Three cloves (9 grams) of garlic contain
- sodium: 1.5 mg
- potassium: 36 mg
- phosphorus: 14 mg
Many whole grains tend to be high in phosphorus, but buckwheat is a healthy exception.
Buckwheat is highly nutritious, providing a good amount of B vitamins, magnesium, iron, and fiber.
It’s also a gluten-free grain, making buckwheat a good choice for people with celiac disease or gluten intolerance.
A half cup (84 grams) of cooked buckwheat contains
- sodium: 3.5 mg
- potassium: 74 mg
- phosphorus: 59 mg
8. Olive oil
Olive oil is a healthy source of fat and phosphorus-free, making it a great option for people with kidney disease.
Frequently, people with advanced kidney disease have trouble keeping weight on, making healthy, high calorie foods like olive oil important.
The majority of fat in olive oil is a monounsaturated fat called oleic acid, which has anti-inflammatory properties
What’s more, monounsaturated fats are stable at high temperatures, making olive oil a healthy choice for cooking.
One tablespoon (13.5 grams) of olive oil contains
- sodium: 0.3 mg
- potassium: 0.1 mg
- phosphorus: 0 mg
Bulgur is a whole grain wheat product that makes a terrific, kidney-friendly alternative to other whole grains that are high in phosphorus and potassium.
This nutritious grain is a good source of B vitamins, magnesium, iron, and manganese.
It’s also an excellent source of plant-based protein and full of dietary fiber, which is important for digestive health.
A half-cup (91-gram) serving of bulgur contains
- sodium: 4.5 mg
- potassium: 62 mg
- phosphorus: 36 mg
Cabbage belongs to the cruciferous vegetable family and is loaded with vitamins, minerals, and powerful plant compounds.
It’s a great source of vitamin K, vitamin C, and many B vitamins.
Furthermore, it provides insoluble fiber, a type of fiber that keeps your digestive system healthy by promoting regular bowel movements and adding bulk to stool
Plus, it’s low in potassium, phosphorus, and sodium, with one cup (70 grams) of shredded cabbage containing
- sodium: 13 mg
- potassium: 119 mg
- phosphorus: 18 mg
7 Fruits for kidney health benefits
A variety of fruits can be beneficial for kidney health, such as the following.
Eating a diet rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and other nutrients can help promote kidney health.
If you have kidney disease, a variety of fruits can be beneficial to include in your diet as long as they don’t contain excessive amounts of potassium and phosphorus.
- Contain two types of phenols, anthocyanins, and ellagitannins, which improve kidney function.
- Rich in antioxidants, which help protect the body from oxidative damage.
- Great source of vitamin C, manganese, and fiber.
- Contain anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties that promote overall good health.
- Loaded with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, which are beneficial for people suffering from kidney ailments or UTIs.
- 1 cup of blueberries contains 114 grams of potassium and 18 milligrams of phosphorus.
- High in antioxidants and phytonutrients called anthocyanidins, which reduce inflammation and promote renal and kidney health.
- Good source of vitamin C and manganese, which are good for bones and skin and help reduce signs of aging.
- Enriched with phytonutrients called ellagic acid, which help neutralize free radicals in the body and prevent cell damage.
- Contain flavonoids, which are good for improving kidney function and can reduce the growth of cancer cells.
- Excellent source of manganese, vitamin B and C, fiber, and folate.
- 1 medium-sized apple has 195 milligrams of potassium and 20 milligrams of phosphorus.
- May help lower cholesterol and blood sugar levels and ease constipation.
- Anti-inflammatory properties and high fiber content, help improve kidney function.
- 1 cup of grapes contains 288 milligrams of potassium and 30 milligrams of phosphorus
- Good source of vitamins C and K (low levels of these vitamins are linked to kidney disease).
- High in fiber and contains small amounts of minerals like copper, manganese, and magnesium.
- Low-potassium food option that helps lower blood pressure, which is a common complication of severe kidney disease.
- Contains bromelain, a digestive enzyme that helps dissolve kidney stones in the body.
- High in fiber and supports heart health (heart complications are common in people undergoing dialysis).
- Good source of vitamin C boost, which helps boost the immune system.
10 Best Foods For A Healthy Kidney That Everyone Should Eat
The kidneys perform a crucial role in our bodies by removing toxins and excess fluids. Also, they control blood pressure and stimulate RBC production. Therefore, incorporating foods for a healthy kidney in your diet can promote kidney health and protect the organs from the negative effects of an unhealthy lifestyle.
As per the National Kidney Foundation, millions of people will be affected by kidney disease. Hence, it’s time to think about these vital organs and start protecting them. Learn more about the foods that positively affect kidneys and start including them in your diet today.
10 Foods For Healthy Kidneys
Cal – 0 Protein – 0 g Fat – 0 g Carbs – 0g
Water is a miracle potion. It has the power to bring you back to health. But do not go overboard. The recommended amount of water to be consumed every day is 8 glasses for women and 13 for men. It is best to consult your doctor to understand how many glasses of water you should drink per day depending on the condition of your kidneys and daily activity.
Cal – 22 Protein – 1 g Fat – 0 g Carbs – 5 g
Cabbage is a leafy vegetable that is packed with phytochemicals. The antioxidants present in it help scavenge the harmful free radicals in the body, thereby reducing the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and renal dysfunction. Cabbage is a rich source of vitamins and minerals, but not the ones that are potentially harmful to the kidneys.
3. Red Bell Pepper
Cal – 46.2 Protein – 1 g Fat – 0 g Carbs – 9 g
Red bell peppers are good for kidney health as they are low in potassium. They also add color and taste to the dish, along with vitamins C, B6, A, folic acid, and fiber. Red bell peppers contain the antioxidant lycopene that offers protection against some types of cancer. You can add red bell peppers to tuna, chicken salad or just have them raw.
Cal – 64 Protein – 2 g Fat – 0 g Carbs – 15 g
Onion breath might be a turn-off, but onions help keep your kidneys properly functioning. They contain flavonoids and quercetin that prevent the deposition of fatty material in the blood vessels. Quercetin is an antioxidant that can reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer. Onions are kidney-friendly and low in potassium. They also contain chromium that helps metabolize fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.
Cal – 27 Protein – 3 g Fat – 0 g Carbs – 5 g
Asparagus is low-cal and loaded with vitamins A, K, and C. In hypertensive rats, asparagus had shown to preserve renal function. But it is a little on the higher side in minerals like potassium, calcium, and phosphorus. So, you must talk to your doctor before consuming asparagus. You can grill it or blanch with other kidney-friendly foods for dinner or lunch.
Cal – 203 Protein – 9 g Fat – 1 g Carbs – 45 g
Like onions, garlic has a pungent smell. However, it is one of the most potent herbal medicines. Plus, it helps enhance the flavor of foods to which it is added. Researchers have found significant evidence that garlic juice, along with metformin (a drug prescribed for diabetes type 2 patients), showed renoprotective effects.
Cal – 25 Protein – 2 g Fat – 0 g Carbs – 5 g
Cauliflower is a kidney-friendly cruciferous superfood that is a rich source of vitamin C, folate, and fiber. It also contains compounds that are important for the liver and neutralize toxic substances in the body. Cauliflower can be consumed boiled, blanched, raw, as a dip, or in salads.
Cal – 65 Protein – 0 g Fat – 0 g Carbs – 17 g
Apple is a rich source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. It has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that help reduce bad cholesterol, heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. Since diabetes is closely related to renal failure, consuming apples can help protect you from kidney problems. Apples can be eaten raw or cooked. You can also make a tasty beverage.
Cal – 51 Protein – 0 g Fat – 0 g Carbs – 13 g
Cranberry juice is a popular home remedy for urinary tract infection (UTI). Due to its antioxidant properties, it is a great natural antibiotic that prevents any bacterial growth in the digestive tract or the kidneys. A research study showed that cranberries had the potential to treat calcium oxalate kidney stone. Always consume fresh cranberries or use fresh ones to make juice. However, do not drink too much of it to prevent overworking the kidneys.
10. Fatty Fish
Cal – 175 Protein – 19 g Fat – 10 g Carbs – 0 g
Fish is a high-quality source of protein and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). Among the components of PUFA are omega-3 fatty acids, which are beneficial for reducing inflammation, scavenging free oxygen radicals, preventing heart disease, lowering LDL cholesterol, and protecting the kidneys. Scientists have found that consuming fish PUFAs can slow down the progression of kidney disease. Research also suggests to avoid consuming blue bobo, parrot sand bass, and yellowedge, and instead consume yellowtail snapper, broomtail grouper, and southern flounder.