Iron is an important supplement in the diet. Best iron supplements for pregnant are very vital when given a space in their diets. Iron, a chemical element with the symbol Fe and atomic number 26, is a mineral which is naturally present in many foods and also available as a dietary supplement.
A vital component of haemoglobin, which is a red blood cell that transfers oxygen from the lungs to the tissue, iron supports metabolism and healthy tissues. Iron, as a mineral diet, has two types which are heme and nonheme. For heme iron, it is embedded in meat, seafood and poultry foods. Breakfast cereals are rich in nonheme iron. Also rich in nonheme are nuts, vegetables and beans.
However, iron supplement dosage varies by gender and age. In the United States of America, for instance, 14% to 20% approximately, Americans use iron supplement doses, ranging from 6% to lactating women to 8% of children aged 12 to 19 years old and 72% of women who are pregnant.
Iron Deficiency As Against Iron Supplements For Anaemia
Iron deficiency refers to the law intake or detection of best iron supplements for anaemia in the human body. It is one of the world factors for diseases, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). This is because iron deficiency is associated with poor diet, disorders in absorption, loss of blood and the likes.
In pregnancy, it leads to impaired cognitive abilities in the baby after birth which if iron supplement doses are not taken, will lead to poor learning strength. Anaemia is the medical condition in which the capacity of the blood to transport oxygen to the tissues is reduced, either because of too few red blood cells or because of too little haemoglobin.
The World Health Organization reports that over half of the 1.6 billion cases of anaemia worldwide are caused by iron deficiency. This report is uncalled for as anaemia is also caused by different forms of malnutrition from vitamin B12, folate etc. The effects are weakness, fatigue and difficulty in concentration in women generally.
Why Is Iron Needed During Pregnancy?
Unlike other periods of women’s existence, the period of pregnancy comes with a lot of stakes. During pregnancy, women experience high risks of IDA if there is low consumption of iron supplement dosage. Also, the effects do not stop in pregnant women alone but the proposed infants. Low intakes of iron results in premature birth, low birth weight, impaired cognitive, low iron stores and attitudinal growth.
According to the American College Of Obstetricians And Gynaecologists(ACOG) reports that intense iron supplement dosage reduces the risk of maternal anaemia during childbirth. In 2006, the United States Preventive Service Task Force asserts that pregnant women who are malnourished should increase their requirements of iron supplements doses. Studies have shown that the requirements of best iron supplements for anaemia during pregnancy increases because there is a radical increase in material red blood cells production which leads to red blood cells expansion.
Is breastmilk one of the best iron supplements for anaemia?
At infancy, there is an iron content of about 75 mg/kg in proportion to their body weight. Most of the iron in infants is found in HB and other stores. Although the breastmilk is not one of the best iron supplements for anaemia, recent researchers show that a healthy infant possesses a sufficient amount of iron until about 4 to 6 months after birth. Having said this, it will be necessary to note that breastmilk is an essential diet for infants and babies. It is optimal for growth and wellbeing infants. However, studies reveal that breastmilk has very little iron. This little iron is hereby “sufficient” to sustain an infant’s growth until about the 4 to 6 months of age.
Therefore, this very little iron supplement dosage is very germane for a child’s development in the womb and after birth. This article will therefore suggest that some best iron supplements for women. These best iron supplements for women should find a way of getting into their menu, pregnant ones especially. As I have earlier mentioned, iron supplements for women come in low different sources, which are all accessible and only fingertips. For best iron supplements for women from heme iron, the following foods are necessary;
- Chicken, 1 mg per 3 ounces
- Canned sardines, 2.4 mg per 3 ounces
- Oysters (Most heated),8 mg per 3 ounces
- Tuna,1 mg per 3 ounces
- Beef, 2 mg per 3 ounces
- Beef liver, 5 mg per 3 ounces
On the other hand, there are sources of best iron supplements for women in non-heme iron in the following foods.
- White beans, 1 mg per 1 cup
- Kidney beans, 2 mg per 1/2 cup canned
- Lentils, 3 mg per 1/2 cup
- Green peas, 1 mg per 1/2 cup
- Spaghetti, 1 mg per 1 cup
- Cashew nuts, 2 mg per 1 ounce
- Rice (brown), 1 mg per 1 cup
- Mushrooms, 0 mg per 1/2 cup
- Tomatoes, 2 mg per 1/2 cup
- Tofu (firm), 3 mg per 1/2 cup
- Chickpeas,2 mg per 1/2 cup
- Spinach, 3 mg per 1/2 cup
- Potato, 2 mg per 1 potato
- Breas (whole wheat), 1 mg per 1 slice
- Raisons, 1 mg per 1/4 cup
Iron Supplement Dosage
It is important to note that these best iron supplements for pregnant listed above are natural sources of iron. There are several doses of iron supplements which can be taken to reduce anaemia in pregnant women. Generally, the Centres For Disease Control And Prevention(CDC) suggests that pregnant women should take a low dose and supplement, about 30 mg per day, during their first prenatal visit. This agency also says that an increment in the intake of iron supplement doses should be made by pregnant women by taking about 60 to 120 mg per day if tested positive to anaemia. When these two conditions are not present, then the required dosage is 27 mg per day.
Furthermore, doses of iron supplements are in multiples of preparations. The preparations are available in;
- Tablet as 325 mg
- Elixir as 220 mg or 5 ml
- Syrup as 300 mg or 5ml
- A solution as 75 mg or 5ml
- Delayed release tablets as 324 or 325 mg
- Extended release tablets as 160 or 142 mg
Also, it will be wise enough to highlight best iron supplements for anaemia that contain doses of iron supplements. These drugs are;
- Antacids and H2 antagonists: Cimetidine, Paniticide, Famoticide, Nizatidine
- Proton Pump Inhibitors: Omeprazole,Lansoprazole,Raberprazole,Pantaprazol.
- Quinoline Antibiotics: Ciprofloxacin, Levofloxacin
- Tetracycline Antibiotics
Iron Supplement Doses
The intake of the doses of iron supplements varies from gender, age and period; pregnancy or lactation. The intake rate of children at birth to 6 months for both male and gender is 40 mg. The same goes for all ages until the age of 13 years. Then the rate changes from the age of 14 and above when it should be taken per 45 mg.
Pregnant women from the ages of 14 and above also should take 45 mg. Women in the lactation period also follow suit. Note that the intake of best iron supplement for pregnant starts from the age of 14 at least.
In conclusion, this article has been able to demystify the mysteries of the best iron supplement for anaemia, especially pregnant women as it is very essential to free them during and after pregnancy. Also, it is very vital to always consult health practitioners before the intake of iron or the addition of doses of iron supplements to their diets.