Diet Plan For Coronary Artery Disease


Diet Plan For Coronary Artery Disease – Whether you have severe or mild coronary artery disease, a healthy diet is important in preventing further heart attacks and other serious complications.

What to Know About Diet for Coronary Artery Disease

photo of mediterranean diet

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is caused by a buildup in your arteries of fatty substances like cholesterol. Sticking to a diet that lowers LDL (or “bad”) cholesterol can help you manage symptoms of CAD and may slow the progression of the disease. 

Foods that are high in soluble fiber and low in saturated and trans fats are excellent choices. Oats, nuts, beans, fatty fish, and olive and canola oils are all foods that are good for your heart. 

Here are some heart health tips for achieving the right balance in your diet:

  • Eat whole-grain bread and cereal with some fruit for breakfast.
  • Add a salad or a handful of vegetables to your plate if you plan on eating meat or poultry as the main dish.
  • For dessert, serve low-fat yogurt or cheese with raw or cooked fruit.
  • Drink fat-free or 1% milk.
  • Try meat substitutes like veggie-soy burgers or tofu.
  • Several studies show that people with CAD benefit from eating fish and cooking with garlic. These foods reduce LDL cholesterol levels and help lower your blood pressure.
  • Avoid consuming too much sugar or salt. Sugar can increase your chances of having diabetes, while salt can raise your blood pressure. Both contribute to an increased chance of developing CAD.

Fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and low-fat yogurt are all part of a heart-healthy diet. Monounsaturated fat from nuts, avocados, and olives can also keep your heart in good shape.

How much you eat is just as important as what you’re eating. Avoid overloading your plate or continuing to eat after you feel full. Using a small bowl or plate can help you control your portion size. The recommended number of servings you should eat will depend on the food group and specific diet for CAD that you’re following.

What Foods Should I Avoid With Coronary Artery Disease?

It can be challenging to get used to healthy eating after years of taking in high amounts of salt, sugar, refined carbs, and saturated fat. If you’re concerned about your heart’s health, foods to avoid with CAD include:

  • Whole milk
  • Bacon
  • Butter
  • Fatty sausage
  • Biscuits
  • Cream
  • Fried food
  • Food cooked in butter, cheese, or cream sauce
  • Processed food
  • Egg yolks or whole eggs
  • Ice cream
  • Organ meats

Heart-healthy diet: 8 steps to prevent heart disease

1. Control your portion size

How much you eat is just as important as what you eat. Overloading your plate, taking seconds and eating until you feel stuffed can lead to eating more calories than you should. Portions served in restaurants are often more than anyone needs.

Following a few simple tips to control food portion size can help you shape up your diet as well as your heart and waistline:

  • Use a small plate or bowl to help control your portions.
  • Eat more low-calorie, nutrient-rich foods, such as fruits and vegetables
  • Eat smaller amounts of high-calorie, high-sodium foods, such as refined, processed or fast foods.

It’s also important to keep track of the number of servings you eat. Some things to keep in mind:

  • A serving size is a specific amount of food, defined by common measurements such as cups, ounces or pieces. For example, one serving of pasta is about 1/3 to 1/2 cup, or about the size of a hockey puck. A serving of meat, fish or chicken is about 2 to 3 ounces, or about the size and thickness of a deck of cards.
  • The recommended number of servings per food group may vary depending on the specific diet or guidelines you’re following.
  • Judging serving size is a learned skill. You may need to use measuring cups and spoons or a scale until you’re comfortable with your judgment.

2. Eat more vegetables and fruits

Vegetables and fruits are good sources of vitamins and minerals. Vegetables and fruits are also low in calories and rich in dietary fiber. Vegetables and fruits, like other plants or plant-based foods, contain substances that may help prevent cardiovascular disease. Eating more fruits and vegetables may help you cut back on higher calorie foods, such as meat, cheese and snack foods.

Featuring vegetables and fruits in your diet can be easy. Keep vegetables washed and cut in your refrigerator for quick snacks. Keep fruit in a bowl in your kitchen so that you’ll remember to eat it. Choose recipes that have vegetables or fruits as the main ingredients, such as vegetable stir-fry or fresh fruit mixed into salads.

Fruits and vegetables to chooseFruits and vegetables to limit
Fresh or frozen vegetables and fruitsLow-sodium canned vegetablesCanned fruit packed in juice or waterCoconutVegetables with creamy saucesFried or breaded vegetablesCanned fruit packed in heavy syrupFrozen fruit with sugar added

3. Select whole grains

Whole grains are good sources of fiber and other nutrients that play a role in regulating blood pressure and heart health. You can increase the amount of whole grains in a heart-healthy diet by making simple substitutions for refined grain products. Or be adventuresome and try a new whole grain, such as whole-grain farro, quinoa or barley.

Grain products to chooseGrain products to limit or avoid
Whole-wheat flourWhole-grain bread, preferably 100% whole-wheat bread or 100% whole-grain breadHigh-fiber cereal with 5 g or more fiber in a servingWhole grains such as brown rice, barley and buckwheat (kasha)Whole-grain pastaOatmeal (steel-cut or regular)White, refined flourWhite breadMuffinsFrozen wafflesCornbreadDoughnutsBiscuitsQuick breadsCakesPiesEgg noodlesButtered popcornHigh-fat snack crackers

4. Limit unhealthy fats

Limiting how much saturated and trans fats you eat is an important step to reduce your blood cholesterol and lower your risk of coronary artery disease. A high blood cholesterol level can lead to a buildup of plaques in the arteries, called atherosclerosis, which can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.

The American Heart Association offers these guidelines for how much fat to include in a heart-healthy diet:

Type of fatRecommendation
Saturated fatLess than 6% of total daily calories.* If you’re eating 2,000 calories a day, that’s about 11 to 13 grams.
Trans fatAvoid

*Note: The 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend limiting saturated fat to less than 10% of total daily calories.

There are simple ways to cut back on saturated and trans fats:

  • Trim fat off meat or choose lean meats with less than 10% fat.
  • Use less butter, margarine and shortening when cooking and serving.
  • Use low-fat substitutions when possible for a heart-healthy diet. For example, top a baked potato with low-sodium salsa or low-fat yogurt rather than butter, or use sliced whole fruit or low-sugar fruit spread on toast instead of margarine.

Check the food labels of cookies, cakes, frostings, crackers and chips. Not only are these foods low in nutritional value, some — even those labeled reduced fat — may contain trans fats. Trans fats are no longer allowed to be added to foods, but older products may still contain them. Trans fats may be listed as partially hydrogenated oil on the ingredient label.

Fats to chooseFats to limit
Olive oilCanola oilVegetable and nut oilsMargarine, trans fat freeCholesterol-lowering margarine, such as Benecol, Promise Activ or Smart BalanceNuts, seedsAvocadosButterLardBacon fatGravyCream sauceNondairy creamersHydrogenated margarine and shorteningCocoa butter, found in chocolateCoconut, palm, cottonseed and palm kernel oils

When you do use fats, choose monounsaturated fats, such as olive oil or canola oil. Polyunsaturated fats, found in certain fish, avocados, nuts and seeds, also are good choices for a heart-healthy diet. When used in place of saturated fat, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats may help lower your total blood cholesterol. But moderation is essential. All types of fat are high in calories.

An easy way to add healthy fat (and fiber) to your diet is to use ground flaxseed. Flaxseeds are small brown seeds that are high in fiber and omega-3 fatty acids. Studies have shown that flaxseed lowers unhealthy cholesterol levels in some people. You can grind the flaxseeds in a coffee grinder or food processor and stir a teaspoon of them into yogurt, applesauce or hot cereal.

5. Choose low-fat protein sources

Lean meat, poultry and fish, low-fat dairy products, and eggs are some of the best sources of protein. Choose lower fat options, such as skinless chicken breasts rather than fried chicken patties and skim milk rather than whole milk.

Fish is a good alternative to high-fat meats. Certain types of fish are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which can lower blood fats called triglycerides. You’ll find the highest amounts of omega-3 fatty acids in cold-water fish, such as salmon, mackerel and herring. Other sources are flaxseed, walnuts, soybeans and canola oil.

Legumes — beans, peas and lentils — also are good, low-fat sources of protein and contain no cholesterol, making them good substitutes for meat. Substituting plant protein for animal protein — for example, a soy or bean burger for a hamburger — will reduce fat and cholesterol intake and increase fiber intake.

Proteins to chooseProteins to limit or avoid
Low-fat dairy products, such as skim or low-fat (1%) milk, yogurt and cheeseEggsFish, especially fatty, cold-water fish, such as salmonSkinless poultryLegumesSoybeans and soy products, such as soy burgers and tofuLean ground meatsFull-fat milk and other dairy productsOrgan meats, such as liverFatty and marbled meatsSpareribsHot dogs and sausagesBaconFried or breaded meats

6. Limit or reduce salt (sodium)

Eating too much salt can lead to high blood pressure, a risk factor for heart disease. Limiting salt (sodium) is an important part of a heart-healthy diet. The American Heart Association recommends that:

  • Healthy adults have no more than 2,300 milligrams (mg) of sodium a day (about a teaspoon of salt)
  • Most adults ideally have no more than 1,500 mg of sodium a day

Although reducing the amount of salt you add to food at the table or while cooking is a good first step, much of the salt you eat comes from canned or processed foods, such as soups, baked goods and frozen dinners. Eating fresh foods and making your own soups and stews can reduce the amount of salt you eat.

If you like the convenience of canned soups and prepared meals, look for ones with no added salt or reduced sodium. Be wary of foods that claim to be lower in sodium because they are seasoned with sea salt instead of regular table salt — sea salt has the same nutritional value as regular salt.

Another way to reduce the amount of salt you eat is to choose your condiments carefully. Many condiments are available in reduced-sodium versions. Salt substitutes can add flavor to your food with less sodium.

Low-salt items to chooseHigh-salt items to limit or avoid
Herbs and spicesSalt-free seasoning blendsCanned soups or prepared meals with no added salt or reduced saltReduced-salt versions of condiments, such as reduced-salt soy sauce and reduced-salt ketchupTable saltCanned soups and prepared foods, such as frozen dinnersTomato juiceCondiments such as ketchup, mayonnaise and soy sauceRestaurant meals

7. Plan ahead: Create daily menus

Create daily menus using the six strategies listed above. When selecting foods for each meal and snack, emphasize vegetables, fruits and whole grains. Choose lean protein sources and healthy fats, and limit salty foods. Watch your portion sizes and add variety to your menu choices.

For example, if you have grilled salmon one evening, try a black bean burger the next night. This helps ensure that you’ll get all of the nutrients the body needs. Variety also makes meals and snacks more interesting.

8. Allow yourself an occasional treat

Allow yourself an indulgence every now and then. A candy bar or handful of potato chips won’t derail your heart-healthy diet. But don’t let it turn into an excuse for giving up on your healthy-eating plan. If overindulgence is the exception, rather than the rule, you’ll balance things out over the long term. What’s important is that you eat healthy foods most of the time.

Include these eight tips into your life, and you’ll find that heart-healthy eating is both doable and enjoyable. With planning and a few simple substitutions, you can eat with your heart in mind.

 Cardiac Diet Plan

About Cardiac Diet Plan

Cardiac arrest is caused due to loss of blood flow which ultimately leads to failure of the heart. In order to avoid heart failure, we need to take the Cardiac diet. Cardiac diet refers to the food intake that is healthy for the heart and avoids any heart disorder.

A cardiac diet plan should be nutrition-rich and include fruits, vegetables, whole grain etc. This is advised for those people who have high blood pressure, high cholesterol or any other history of heart disease. People without any cardiovascular problem can follow the diet plan because it will help in reducing the risk of heart disease.

Food items that are nutrition-rich, low cholesterol and readily available at reasonable price include Spinach, Tomato, Carrots, Cauliflower, Beans etc., that can constitute in this diet meal plan. However, certain high cholesterol food items like Peanut butter, Packaged cookies, Donuts and muffin, Whole fat diary etc should be avoided. Owing to their high cholesterol, they are also costlier than low-cholesterol food items which signify that we are paying a higher price for the unhealthy food than the healthy food.

To manage cardiac problems, we create a diet plan that includes inutrition-rich food items. This three-course meal for person suffereng from heart issues is easy to follow. All food items are listed in this meal plan good for healthy heart and easily available in the local market. We also list those food items should be avoided while following this indian diet meal plan.

Diet Plan For Cardiac Patients

Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Ragi dosa-3+2 tsp methi chutney+1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium banana
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup brown rice+2 roti+1/2 cup cabbage dal+1/2 cup capsicum sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 glass almond milk(toned)+2-3 oats biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti+1/2 cup ridge gourd sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Dalia upma-1.5 cup with vegetables(potato,onion,tomato,green peas, carrot)+1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium apple
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)4 roti+100gm fish(tuna/sardine/salmon/mackerel with little olive oil)-grilled/stewed+1/2 cup rajmah curry
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup boiled sprouted green gram dal+1 cup green tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti+1/2 cup ivy gourd sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Oats-1/2 cup+milk(toned)-150ml
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium orange
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup brown rice+2 jowar roti+1/2 cup tomato dal+1/2 cup cluster beans curry+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 small fist of peanuts,raisins,almonds,walnuts+1 cup green tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti+1/2 cup bhindi sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Idly-4+sambhar-1/2 cup+green chutney-2 tsp+1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium pomegranate
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)4 bajra roti+1/2 cup lauki dal+1/2 cup green peas and capsicum sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup boiled sprouted bengal gram+1 cup green tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti+1/2 cup snake gourd sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Soya and wheat dosa-3+2 tsp pudina chutney+1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100gm water melon
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup brown rice+2 bajra roti+1/2 cup methi dal+1/2 cup french beans sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 glass walnut milk(toned)+2-3 multigrain biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti+1/2 cup moolimethi sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Roasted oats upma-1.5 cup with vegetables(potato,onion,tomato,green peas, carrot)+1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100gm musk melon
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup white rice+2 roti+100gm fish(tuna/sardine/salmon/mackerel) curry+1/2 cup soya chunk and aloo sabji
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 glass avocado(75gm) milkshake(milk-150ml-toned)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti+1/2 cup lauki sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Paratha-2(aloo/methi/mooli/gobhi)+2 tsp green chutney+1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium pear
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)4 roti+1/2 cup palak dal+1/2 cup bitter gourd sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 glass milk(toned)+2-3 ragi biscuits)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti+1/2 cup cauliflower sabji+1/2 cup vegetable salad+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)2 Idli + Samber (1 cup)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup fruit salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)2 Chapati + Chana Daal (1 cup) + 1/4th Fresh Lime
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)Roasted Chana (1/2 cup)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)2 Chapati + Bottle Gourd/ Fish Curry (1 cup)
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Veg Poha (1 cup) + Raita (1/2 cup)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup fruit salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)2 Chapati + Rajma (1 cup) + 1/4th Fresh Lime
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)Almonds 4 + Cashews 5 + 6 Raisins
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)2 Chapati + Snake Gourd/ Fish (1 cup)
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)2 Carrot n Bell Peper Pie + Raita (1 cup)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup fruit salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)2 Chapati + Chickpea Curry (1 cup) + 1/4th Fresh Lime
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)Mur-mure Chat (1/2 cup)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)2 Chapati + Drumstick Curry/ Fish (1 cup)
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)2 Idli + Samber (1 cup)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup fruit salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)2 Chapati + White Chana Curry (1 cup) + 1/4th Fresh Lime
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)Sprouts (1/2 cup)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)2 Chapati + Carrot n Beetroot/ Fish Curry (1 cup)
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Veg Poha (1 cup) + Raita (1/2 cup)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup fruit salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)2 Chapati + Mix Daal (1 cup) + 1/4th Fresh Lime
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)Almonds 4 + Cashews 5 + 6 Raisins
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)2 Chapati + Lady’s Finger/ Fish Curry (1 cup)
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)2 Besan Chela + Raita (1/2 cup)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup fruit salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)2 Chapati + Moong Daal (1 cup) + 1/4th Fresh Lime
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)Roasted Chana (1/2 cup)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)2 Chapati + MIx Veg/ Fish Curry (1 cup)
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Boiled Veg Salad with Egg Whites (2) + 1 glass Orange Juice
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup fruit salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)2 Chapati + Chicken Curry (1 cup)
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)Mur-mure Chat (1/2 cup)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)2 Chapati + Lotus Stem/ Fish Curry (1 cup)

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