Diet Plan For Fertility


Diet plan for fertility is designed to help you get pregnant by making several changes to your diet and level of activity. These changes emphasize consuming certain foods believed to boost fertility, such as plant protein and full-fat dairy products. Our diet greatly determines our health and our appearance. So if you’re not getting where you want to be, the problem may very well be your diet. I will show you the importance of diet plan in building muscle.

Diet Plan For Fertility

If you’re trying to conceive, these diet changes could help prep your body for pregnancy.

If you’re trying to get pregnant, you may be looking to increase your nutrition through the foods you are eating. Research has suggested that diets high in things like unsaturated fat, whole grains, vegetables, and fish are associated with improved fertility—and of course, they can also help you get off to a healthy start in pregnancy.

“Eating as if you’re already pregnant can actually help prime your body for conception,” says Sarah Krieger, R.D., a nutritionist based in St. Petersburg, Florida. Here’s how to deliciously dine your way to eating the following fertility-friendly foods.

Fruits and Vegetables

While there are no magic foods for getting pregnant, one easy change you can make to support your fertility health is to load your plate with fruit and veggies. A 2007 study by the Harvard School of Public Health, which comprised nearly 19,000 women, found a higher incidence of ovulatory disorder in those who consumed more trans fats, sugar from carbohydrates, and animal proteins. The antidote? Make sure half your plate at every meal is composed of fresh fruits and vegetables.

“Watermelon and asparagus, in addition to other raw fruits and vegetables, give the body a rich supply of glutathione, which is important for egg quality,” says Alisa Vitti, integrative nutritionist and author of WomanCode: Perfect Your Cycle, Amplify Your Fertility, Supercharge Your Sex Drive, and Become a Power Source. “Kale is another powerhouse vegetable because it contains elements necessary for estrogen metabolism.”

Vitti suggests juicing kale and other greens if you’re not a fan of raw veggies. “I love recommending patients make fresh, mostly-vegetable juices with a few fruits like goji berries, which contain phytochemicals that are beneficial for fertility,” she says. To combat nutrient loss, roast vegetables in high heat for a short time with no water, or microwave them with a small amount of water.


Healthy, plant-based fats in moderation are an important part of any balanced diet. Nuts, avocados, olive oil, and grapeseed oil can help reduce the inflammation in the body, which helps promote regular ovulation and general fertility.

Some fats may even assist people who truly struggle with infertility. “Studies have shown that consuming a certain quantity of monounsaturated fats in the form of avocados during the IVF cycle increased the success rate by three and a half times, as opposed to women who don’t eat good plant-based fats during that period,” Vitti says.

It can also be helpful to avoid trans fats (the kind found in processed snacks like French fries and packaged foods) and eat more unsaturated fats. Trans fats increase insulin resistance. Insulin helps move glucose from the bloodstream to the cells; resistance means it’s harder to move glucose into the cells. The pancreas keeps pumping out more insulin anyway, and the result is more insulin in your bloodstream. High insulin levels cause a lot of metabolic disturbances that affect ovulation, so it’s best to focus on foods that guard against insulin resistance when creating a fertility diet.

An image of fruits and vegetables.

Complex Carbs

When choosing carbs, try to incorporate more complex (“slow”) carbs and limit highly processed ones. Your body digests refined carbs (like cookies, cakes, white bread, and white rice) quickly, and turns them into blood sugar. To drive down the blood-sugar spike, the pancreas releases insulin into the bloodstream, and studies have found that high insulin levels appear to inhibit ovulation.

Complex carbs (those containing fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains) are digested slowly and have a more gradual effect on blood sugar and insulin. Barely refined grains are also superb sources of fertility-friendly B vitamins, vitamin E, and fiber. “Some of my favorites are buckwheat, which contains d-chiro-inositol, a compound that improves ovulation,” Krieger says.

For some people, particularly those with hormonal disorders like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), cutting back on gluten may also be advised. “Gluten has been shown to create an inflammatory response in the body, which heightens C-reactive protein and sends signals that it’s not an ideal time to conceive,” Vitti says. “It makes implantation more difficult and is also known to inhibit ovulation.” However, you’ll want to talk to your doctor before making any major diet changes and have a plan for what your meals will consist of without gluten.

Compose a quarter of your plate with more complex carbs, like brown rice. It may also pay to break out of your rice and pasta rut and sample more diverse whole grains like amaranth, millet, and quinoa. They’ll help keep you full longer and maintain healthy blood sugar levels, also important for fertility health.


Chicken, turkey, pork, and beef trimmed of excess fat are great sources of protein, zinc, and iron—all-important building blocks for a healthy pregnancy. Excess saturated fat found in animal protein, on the other hand, may be linked to fertility issues, according to a 2018 study on nutrition and fertility.

Protein sources from the sea can also be nutritious options. For instance, coldwater fish like salmon, canned light tuna, and sardines are excellent sources of DHA and omega-3 fatty acids; they also help develop the baby’s nervous system and cut your risk of premature birth, so why not start pre-conception?

You can include these options in your fertility diet a couple of times a week in a fertility diet without worrying about mercury levels, Krieger says. But it’s best to avoid other varieties, such as shark, swordfish, tilefish, and king mackerel, which are known for having higher levels of mercury.

Eggs, too, are another potent protein source in a fertility diet. “They get a bad rap from cholesterol, but the yolk has excellent stores of protein and choline, a vitamin that helps develop brain function in babies,” she says.

Nutrition and fertility

What you eat can affect your chances of getting pregnant, but the full picture is not very clear-cut because it is hard to separate diet from other factors.  What we do know is that the best foods for getting pregnant are the same as those for general well-being: whole grains, healthy fats and proteins.

The best advice is to:

  • choose wholegrain high fibre foods (such as bread, with seeds, brown rice and pasta)  instead of white processed foods (white bread, rice and pasta
  • eat more fruit and vegetables, including lentils and beans
  • avoid saturated ‘bad’ fats, such as fried foods, pastry, biscuits, pies and cakes.  
  • eat more unsaturated ‘good’ fats, such as avocados, nuts, oily fish and seeds
  • avoid sugary food and drink, such as sweets, biscuits, cakes and fizzy drinks.

Reaching the ideal BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 and staying active  also helps with fertility.

If you have no periods or your periods come only occasionally you may not be ovulating (releasing an egg from your ovary). This is a cause of infertility. Having a portion of full-fat dairy every day (such as milk or yoghurt) has been shown to help with this. It may linked to the higher oestrogen levels in full fat dairy foods compared to low-fat.

Men, nutrition and fertility

Men can also improve the chances of a pregnancy with diet because sperm quality is affected by diet. The foods that have a good effect on fertility are like those that help with women’s fertility.

  • Diets high in processed meat (such as bacon and sausages), alcohol, caffeine, red meat, saturated fats are linked to low quality sperm.
  • Diets rich in fruits, vegetables, wholegrains and fish are linked to better sperm quality.
  • Eating a portion of walnuts a day was shown to help with sperm motility (ability to swim).

Nutrition and pregnancy

Your diet before pregnancy will affect your baby’s development in the womb and their health in the future. If your diet has a lot of saturated fat and sugar before and during pregnancy, your children will be more likely to suffer from high blood pressure and weight gain themselves later on in life.

Making changes now can also prevent pregnancy problems. A diet that leads to a high BMI in pregnancy has a higher risk of pregnancy problems.

Do I need pre-conception supplements?

If you are trying to get pregnant eating a healthy, varied diet will help you to get most of the vitamins and minerals you need.

There are many branded pre-pregnancy vitamins available in pharmacies and supermarkets. These are not harmful but folic acid is the only extra supplement everyone needs if you’re trying to get pregnant. It is often cheaper to buy this separately.

If you are vegan, talk to your doctor to make sure that you are getting enough nutrients for a healthy pregnancy.

Folic acid

All women need to take folic acid tablets before getting pregnant to build up the level of folic acid in their body to give maximum protection to the baby against neural tube defects such as spina bifida. It is almost impossible to get enough folic acid through your diet to give the most protection.

Most women should take 400mcg of folic acid every day for two months before trying for a baby and continue until you are 12 weeks pregnant.

You will need a higher dose of folic acid tablets. If you have diabetes or epilepsy, or if you are a smoker or heavy drinker.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D in pregnancy is important for the development of strong bones. Some women are at greater risk of vitamin D deficiency and could also benefit from a vitamin D supplement of 10mcg a day before and during pregnancy. These include women:

  • of South Asian, African, Caribbean or Middle Eastern family origin
  • who get less sun on their skin (for example spend less time outside or cover up most of the body when outside)
  • who eat a diet low in vitamin D, such as vegan diets
  • with a BMI above 30. 

If you’re planning to have a baby you are advised not to take any herbal or homeopathic products.

Do not take any supplements containing vitamin A, such as liver or fish oil. High doses of vitamin A can affect the development of the baby in the womb.

Healthy Start

Healthy Start is a UK-wide scheme that provides free vitamins, including folic acid. You also get free weekly vouchers for milk, plain fresh and frozen fruit and vegetables and infant formula milk.

You qualify if you are on benefits and:

  • you are at least 10 weeks pregnant
  • have children under the age of four

All pregnant women under the age of 18 qualify – whether or not they are on benefits.


Caffeine is found in coffee, tea, some soft drinks and energy drinks. Having more than 200mg of caffeine a day (two mugs of instant coffee a day or one mug of filter coffee) is harmful to a baby in the womb so it is safer to avoid caffeine as soon as you stop contraception.

Too much caffeine can also increase your risk of miscarriage. This applies to both women and men.

200mg is two mugs of instant coffee a day or one mug of filter coffee.

You can reduce your caffeine intake by:

  • drinking decaf tea and coffee
  • having other drinks, such as water or fruit juice (just be wary of your sugar intake)
  • avoiding energy drinks, which contain very high amounts of caffeine
  • avoiding sports drinks with caffeine

Chocolate contains caffeine too, so include this when you work out your daily allowance using our caffeine calculator.

Anaemia (low iron in the blood) and planning for pregnancy

Anaemia is a blood condition due to lack of iron. It can lead to:

  • tiredness and lack of energy
  • shortness of breath
  • noticeable heartbeats (heart palpitations)
  • pale skin.

If you have anaemia it needs treatment before you get pregnant. Speak to your GP if you think you have symptoms of anaemia. A blood test will show if you are anaemic. 

Iron deficiency anaemia is treated with iron supplement tablets. You may be advised to eat more food with lots of iron in it, such as:

  • green leafy vegetables, such as watercress and kale
  • cereals and bread with extra iron in them (fortified)
  • meat
  • Pulses (beans, peas and lentils)

What is a healthy diet for pregnancy?

A healthy diet for pregnancy is the same as a healthy diet for life.

  • Base meals on starchy food (such as bread, rice, pasta, potatoes), choosing wholegrain options where possible
  • Eat foods with lots of fibre, such as fruit, vegetables, oats, beans, peas, lentils.
  • Eat at least 5 portions of different fruits and vegetables each day (3 vegetable if possible)
  • Don’t over-eat. For the first two trimesters of pregnancy there is no need to eat more than the normal 2,000 calories recommended for women. You can use the NHS Choices calorie checker to count your daily calories.
  • Try not to skip breakfast, choosing sugar-free cereals if you have cereal.
  • Be mindful of portion sizes of meals and snacks and how often you eat.
  • Avoid saturated ‘bad’ fats, such as fried foods, pastry, biscuits, pies and cakes. 
  • Eat more unsaturated ‘good’ fats, such as avocados, nuts, oily fish and seeds.
  • Avoid sugary food and drink, such as sweets, biscuits, cakes and fizzy drinks.

Try to avoid too much ready-prepared food too. The chemical preservatives, colourings, and flavourings added to these can affect the nutrients in the food.

The NHS eatwell guide has more information on how to eat a healthy, balanced diet.

A dietitian can help if you have a condition that requires specific diets or nutritional requirements, such as diabetes. Ask your GP if you are unsure.



When a couple is trying to conceive a baby, the first thought they have is how to optimise the chances of getting pregnant? Well, though there are various other aspects to conceiving, one of the most important aspect is a good wholesome Fertility Diet which boosts the fertility of the man as well as the woman. In the recent times, there have been various superfoods that have been suggested to boost the nutrients in our body. However, the Fertility Diet is one of the few diets that requires you to optimise the nutrients in whatever you eat.

The diet follows the logic that replenishing the mineral deficiency in the body coupled with a disciplined lifestyle leads to a well balanced hormonal cycle which boosts fertility in both the sexes.

  1. Eating organic fruits and vegetables along with whole grains are better than their finely milled counterpart.
  2. Including high fibre in each meal is a healthy choice.
  3. Dark leafy vegetables contain a lot of Iron and Folic Acid.
  4. Eggs, nuts and seeds are rich in vitamins D and E.
  5. Foods to be avoided are Soy as it interferes hormonal cycle, refined sugary drinks and packaged fruit juice, and caffeine.

Food Items To Limit

  1. Soy
  2. Alcohol
  3. Sugar
  4. Saturated Fats

Do’s And Dont’s


  1. Eat fruits & vegetables
  2. Take a prenatal Multivitamin
  3. Choose Organic
  4. Get your fats
  5. Eat Fiber


  1. Avoid Soy
  2. Do not have >2 cups of coffee
  3. Eat Corn
  4. Skin refined Sugar
  5. Avoid Plastic Bottled water

Food Items You Can Easily Consume

  1. Figs
  2. Berries
  3. Beans
  4. Green Leafy vegetables
  5. Vegetables & Fruits


Importance of a Balanced Diet

Eating a healthy diet is all about feeling great, having more energy, improving your health, and boosting your mood. Good nutrition, physical activity, and healthy body weight are essential parts of a person’s overall health and well-being.

There’s no questioning the importance of healthy food in your life. Unless you maintain a proper diet for a healthy body, you may be prone to diseases, infection, or even exhaustion. The importance of nutritious food for children especially needs to be highlighted since otherwise they may end up being prone to several growth and developmental problems. Some of the most common health problems that arise from lack of a balanced diet are heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes. 

Being physically active manages many health problems and improves mental health by reducing stress, depression, and pain. Regular exercise helps to prevent metabolic syndrome, stroke, high blood pressure, arthritis, and anxiety.

What falls under a balanced diet? 

A balanced diet includes some specific healthy food groups under it: 

  • Vegetables such as leafy greens, starchy vegetables, legumes like beans and peas, red and orange vegetables, and others like eggplant
  • Fruits that include whole fruits, fresh or frozen fruits but not canned ones dipped in syrup
  • Grains such as whole grains and refined grains. For example, quinoa, oats, brown rice, barley, and buckwheat
  • Protein such as lean beef and pork, chicken, fish, beans, peas, and legumes 
  • Dairy products such as low-fat milk, yogurt, cottage cheese, and soy milk 

A wide variety for the selection of food choices should be from each of five food groups in the specific amounts recommended. These food sources from each food group provide a similar amount of key micro and macro-nutrients to meet the body requirements.

A balanced diet typically contains 50 to 60 percent carbohydrates, 12 to 20 percent protein, and 30 percent fat. All the organs and tissues need proper nutrition to work effectively by consuming the right amount of nutrients and calories to maintain an ideal weight. The overall health and well-being of a person are dependent on good nutrition, physical exercise, and healthy body weight.

A proper meal pattern is a complete combination of food ingredients, food items and quantities required for breakfast, lunch, snack, and dinner for each specific age group. All you need is protein for your muscle mass and blood cells which brings oxygen and nutrients to your muscles.

The body requires quality carbohydrates, lean protein, essential fats and fluids accompanied by regular exercise in maintaining physical health and well-being.

These are effective in preventing excess weight gain or in maintaining weight loss but healthier lifestyles are also associated with improved sleep and mood. Physical activity particularly improves brain-related function and outcomes.

As with physical activity, making small changes in your diet can go a long way to attain the ideal body weight. Consuming the right kind of carbohydrates is important. Many people rely on the simple carbs found in sweets and processed foods.

Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of natural fiber, vitamins, minerals, and other compounds that your body needs to function properly. They’re also low in calories and fat. Unsaturated fats may help reduce inflammation and provide calories.

The importance of a healthy lifestyle

It’s not just a balanced diet that’s enough but also healthy practices of eating. Some of them which you can follow are: 

  • Eat-in smaller portions – You can do this by eating in small bowls to trick your brain into thinking it to be larger portions. 
  • Take time to eat – Not rushing your meals in between other work but taking the time to nourish your meals can send signals to your brain that you’ve had enough food necessary for functioning. 
  • Cut down on snacks – Unhealthy snacks are a strict no as they hamper your hunger. Switching to healthy bite-sized food can help. 
  • Curb emotional eating – Binge eating can be extremely harmful. Using it to relieve yourself from stress, sadness, or anxiety may affect your health. Instead, you can use healthier alternatives to beat negative emotions. 

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