Diet Plan For Gestational Diabetes India


Diet Plan For Gestational Diabetes India: Gestational diabetes diet plan is an important stage in pregnancy. Gestational diabetes affects 5 to 8% of all pregnant women, but you can avoid this by developing a diet for gestational diabetes. A healthy diet should have greens, fruits, whole grains and plenty of water.

Indian Diet Plan for Gestational Diabetes (Diabetes during Pregnancy)

Pregnancy is a superb experience for all women . It is that dream phase of life where most women give no heed to the calorie count of the food they eat . And we all love to pamper ourselves by eating all that you really desire to eat ! Well, tempting as it may sound, but for some women the same phase turns in to a more serious one if they get diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Don’t worry ! This Indian diet plan for gestational diabetes will help you enjoy your eating during pregnancy while taking care of the nourishment and growth of your fetus .

Indian Diet Plan for Gestational Diabetes

Pregnancy brings in a lot of emotions in a women . You are happy , emotional (due to hormones) , depressed (due to body changes), excited and full of anxiety and nervousness. You want to do every thing for the baby growing inside of you to come out healthy and fit.  Health issues like Gestational diabetes makes you worry more and stress more.  You get all the more confused about what to do and what to eat. Surprisingly, most people consider excess weight-gain as a desirable and healthy sign of a healthy pregnancy. This is the reason why we took an initiative to plan this Indian Diet Plan for Gestational Diabetes . We will discuss on how a healthy diet can protect an expecting mother from gestational diabetes while allowing her to spend blissful moments with her child growing within her every second.

Understanding Gestational Diabetes :

We all have a basic and wide idea of what is diabetes. But what you really need to understand is, When it comes to Diabetes , there are certain measuring terms which may help in understanding a foods capacity to increase the blood sugar. While there are some that helps in understanding the body’s response  or reaction to the raised blood sugar. I know i am getting too technical here, But it is important to have a basic knowledge about these indexes so that you really know what you are eating and how it is going to help you . This might just be your first tiny step towards being a smart mommy !

  • Glycemic Index – It is a Number that signifies the capacity of a particular food to increase the blood sugar levels. 100 being equivalent to pure glucose . Foods that have a glycemic index or below 55 are considered healthier for diabetics. These foods are digested slowly in the gut and hence they raise the blood sugar slowly and steadily.
  • Glycemic Load – Glycemic load depends on the amount of carb contained by a particular food. And the capacity of each gram of  this carb to raise the blood sugar level.
  • Insulin Index – Insulin index is kind of similar  to the above 2 indexes. The only difference is that Insulin index does not depend on the blood sugar levels. Insulin index o a particular food is based on the food’s capacity to raise the concentration of insulin in the blood after 2 hours of intake.

9 Super Tips for The Indian Diet Plan for Pregnancy With Gestational Diabetes

Here are 9 super tips to remember while planning a diet for pregnancy with gestational diabetes:

1. Carbs Can be Found in Healthy Food As Well

Carbs are not only found in food with processed sugars like soft drinks, but also in food containing natural sugars like milk, fruits, yogurt, etc.

2. Include Greek Yogurt in a Diabetic Diet

Preferably have Greek yogurt, which is all the rage right now for all the good reasons. Greek yogurt is a naturally cultured yogurt, which is higher in protein, lower in carbs than regular yogurt, and rich in calcium, and has probiotics, the good bacteria that can help in digestion during pregnancy.

3. Stick to Recommended Carbs in Diabetic Diet

If you eat high-carb food in one meal and then avoid it in other meals, it will still raise your blood sugar level. Therefore, always stick to recommended carbs in your diet.

4. Don’t Skip Meals

Never skip a meal as that can make you feel very hungry and you tend to eat more during the next meal.

5. Eat Small Meals

Eat small meals, preferably every 2 to 3 hours. You can have a healthy snack, salad, and fruits in between. However, make sure at least one and a half to two hours of gaps are maintained between snack and the next meal.

6. Opt Brown Rice Over White

If you are a rice eater, always prefer brown rice to white rice due to its low GI.

7. Never Hesitate to Clear Doubts

If you feel uncomfortable after eating any food item, stop consuming that and speak to your doctor about it.

8. Restrict the Intake of Salt

Consuming more salt can lead to water retention and further increase swelling during pregnancy. It can also lead to gestational hypertension, which, along with gestational diabetes, can be very risky for both the mother and the baby.

9. Depend on Homemade Foods

Try to consume home-cooked food as much as possible. If you are buying ready-to-eat packaged meals or drinks, make sure to double-check the manufacturing and expiry dates and also the list of ingredients to ensure it does not have added sugar.

Some Do’s and Don’ts In Your Diabetic Diet During Pregnancy

woman testing sugar

During pregnancy, there are specific do’s and don’ts that you have to follow to ensure that you and the baby growing inside you stay healthy.

  • Include less starchy vegetables as they are rich in fiber, minerals, and vitamins.
  • Include protein-rich food like eggs, seeds, nuts, fish, meat, etc. These foods not only make you feel full but also will not spike your glucose levels.
  • Select lean meat and dairy products with low fat.
  • Drink 9 to 12 glasses of water every day and keep yourself well hydrated.
  • Eat fresh fruits rather than fruit juices.
  • Include two servings of fruits and vegetables every day in your meals as they are loaded with fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
  • If you are a strict vegetarian then include dals, cereals, pulses, nuts, and whole grains in your diabetic diet as a source of protein.
  • Don’t eat deep-fried food.
  • Never eat junk food.
  • Don’t drink soft drinks.
  • Reduce the intake of oil and butter.

Sample Indian Diet Plan for Pregnancy with Gestational Diabetes

Here is a sample diabetic diet menu during pregnancy that ensures the required nourishment for the baby and controls the glucose level of the pregnant woman. Eating on time and ensuring enough gap between the meals are equally important when it comes to a diabetic diet.

Once you have a general idea of how to select the food, you can make appropriate changes to the food items as per your doctor’s advice and also keep monitoring your sugar levels.

Early Morning (6:30 to 7 am)

  • Start the day with a 250 ml glass of milk (without sugar). If you prefer a flavored one, you can add cardamom, cinnamon, or kesar.
  • You can also have dry carbs like whole-grain rusk or digestive biscuits (sugar-free). Limit it to just one piece.
  • Consuming soaked 4 or 5 almonds will provide protein and omega 3 for a good head start.

Breakfast (8:30 to 9 am)

  • Any of these – Vegetable upma/ three idlis/ two plain dosa/ two vegetable stuffed paratha
  • A bowl of sambar/ mint chutney/ curd as an accompaniment
  • One boiled egg (optional)

Mid Morning (11am)

  • One medium-sized fruit. Jamun, pear, guava, musambi, pomegranate, etc. are perfect to have during this time.
  • You can have tender coconut water or a glass of lemonade.

Lunch (12:30 to 1pm)

  • A small bowl of vegetable salad.
  • Two plain chapattis and three tablespoons of pulao made out of brown rice or just three plain chapattis.
  • Dal tadka/ fish curry/ chicken curry/ sambar/ rasam
  • Stir-fried vegetable/ egg bhurji/ paneer
  • One teaspoon ghee

Mid Afternoon (2:30 pm)

  • Butter milk/lassi

Evening (4 to 4:30pm)

  • One glass of milk
  • Snacks – cheese sandwich/ multi grain french toast/ khakara
  • Salted nuts (6 numbers)

Late Evening (6 to 6:30pm)

  • A bowl of cereal with milk. Muesli, wheat flakes, oat flakes without sugar etc./ a bowl of sprouts

Pre-Dinner (7:30 to 8pm)

  • Vegetable soup/ chicken soup

Dinner (8 to 8:30pm)

  • Two medium size multigrain chapattis/ 3 idlis/ three table spoons of brown rice
  • Paneer mutter/ sambar/ mixed vegetable curry/ moong dal/ palak paneer
  • One teaspoon ghee

Bedtime (at least one and a half hours after dinner)

  • A glass of warm milk

After meals do have a 15 minutes walk. Consider it also as a part of your diet. You can make necessary changes to the items mentioned above according to your taste and preference and in consultation with a nutritionist. Here are a few more tips:

  • Adding fiber to the chapati or roti dough ensures the required fiber intake.
  • You can add a hand full of soaked soybeans while making batter for idly or dosa.

The following list includes a number of food items that contain less sugar and are considered good for pregnant women:

  • Whole grain plain dosa
  • Wheat and methi khakara
  • Ragi roti
  • Mint chutney as dip or spread
  • Digestive biscuits

Hope this Indian diet plan for pregnancy with gestational diabetes is helpful. No matter what you want to eat, make sure that you consult your doctor or a nutritionist first. Some food items that agree well with another pregnant woman may not be good for you. So be careful and eat what is recommended.


1. Can I Follow a Diet to Control Gestational Diabetes?

Yes, by all means. This can help manage the food you eat. Opt for foods rich in fiber and low in glycemic index.

2. What Foods Can Help Control Gestational Diabetes?

Timely food, not rich in carbs can help. Ensure you do not eat anything overly sweet. Greek yogurt can also be part of regular diet.

3. Can I Eat Outside Food When I Have Gestational Diabetes?

Yes, in moderation. Eating once in a while is ok. Ensure you have control over the quantity and choose the foods carefully.

4. Can I Eat Refined Flour Products if I Have Gestational Diabetes?

No, it is not safe. Refined flour can cause your sugar levels to spike. This is not recommended for women suffering from gestational diabetes.

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