Diet Plan For Kidney Patients


Diet Plan For Kidney Patients! It is crucial that you develop a healthy diet plan and kidney-friendly recipes in case you suffer from renal syndrome. Kidney function may be impaired in the presence of high blood pressure, diabetes, glomerulonephritis, lupus, polycystic kidney disease, infections, inherited disorders or certain medications (such as antihypertensive medications).

Healthy Foods for People with Kidney Disease

Red Bell Peppers

1. Red bell peppers

1/2 cup serving red bell pepper = 1 mg sodium, 88 mg potassium, 10 mg phosphorus

Red bell peppers are low in potassium and high in flavor, but that’s not the only reason they’re perfect for the kidney diet. These tasty vegetables are also an excellent source of vitamins C and A, as well as vitamin B6, folic acid and fiber. Red bell peppers are good for you because they contain lycopene, an antioxidant that helps protects against certain cancers.

Eat red bell peppers raw with dip as a snack or appetizer, or mix them into tuna or chicken salad. You can also roast peppers and use them as a topping on sandwiches or lettuce salads, chop them for an omelet, add them to kabobs on the grill or stuff peppers with ground turkey or beef and bake them for a main dish.

a group of cabbages on a cutting board

2. Cabbage

1/2 cup serving green cabbage = 6 mg sodium, 60 mg potassium, 9 mg phosphorus

A cruciferous vegetable, cabbage is packed full of phytochemicals, chemical compounds in fruit or vegetables that break up free radicals before they can do damage. Many phytochemicals are also known to help protect cells from damage that could lead to cancer, as well as foster cardiovascular health.

High in vitamin K, vitamin C and fiber, cabbage is also a good source of vitamin B6 and folic acid. Low in potassium and low in cost, it’s an affordable addition to the kidney diet.

Raw cabbage makes a great addition to the dialysis diet as coleslaw or a topping for fish tacos. You can steam, microwave or boil it, add butter or cream cheese plus pepper or caraway seeds and serve it as a side dish. Cabbage Rolls Made with Turkey are a great appetizer, and if you’re feeling fancy, you can stuff a cabbage with ground meat and bake it for a flavorful meal bursting with nutrients.


3. Cauliflower

1/2 cup serving boiled cauliflower = 9 mg sodium, 88 mg potassium, 20 mg phosphorus

Another cruciferous vegetable, cauliflower is high in vitamin C and a good source of folate and fiber. It’s also packed full of indoles, glucosinolates and thiocyanates—compounds that help the liver neutralize toxic substances that could damage cell membranes and DNA.

Serve it raw as crudités with dip, add it to a salad, or steam or boil it and season with spices such as turmeric, curry powder, pepper and herb seasonings. You can also make a nondairy white sauce, pour it over the cauliflower and bake until tender. You can pair cauliflower with pasta or even mash cauliflower as a dialysis diet replacement for mashed potatoes.


4. Garlic

1 clove garlic = 1 mg sodium, 12 mg potassium, 4 mg phosphorus

Garlic has antimicrobial properties that help prevent plaque from forming on your teeth, lowers cholesterol and reduces inflammation.    

Buy it fresh, bottled, minced or powdered, and add it to meat, vegetable or pasta dishes. You can also roast a head of garlic and spread it on bread. Garlic provides a delicious flavor and garlic powder is a great substitute for garlic salt in the dialysis diet.

a group of onions

5. Onions

1/2 cup serving onion = 3 mg sodium, 116 mg potassium, 3 mg phosphorus

Onion, a member of the Allium family and a basic flavoring in many cooked dishes, contains sulfur compounds which give it its pungent smell. But in addition to making some people cry, onions are also rich in flavonoids, especially quercetin, a powerful antioxidant that may reduce heart disease and protect against many cancers. Onions are low in potassium and a good source of chromium, a mineral that helps with carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism.

Try using a variety of onions including white, brown, red and others. Eat onions raw on burgers, sandwiches and in salads, or cook them and use as a caramelized topping. If you have an air fryer, you can also try making homemade onion rings. Include onions in recipes such as Italian Beef with Peppers and Onions.


6. Apples

1 medium apple with skin = 0 sodium, 158 mg potassium, 10 mg phosphorus

Apples may help reduce cholesterol, prevent constipation, protect against heart disease and reduce the risk of cancer. High in fiber and anti-inflammatory compounds, an apple a day may really help keep the doctor away—good news for people with kidney disease who already have their share of doctor visits.

This kidney diet winner can be paired with the previous good-for-you food, onions, to make a unique Apple Onion Omelet. Apples are versatile. You can eat them raw, make baked apples, stew apples, make them into apple sauce, or drink them as apple juice or apple cider.

a bowl of cherries

7. Cranberries

1/2 cup serving cranberry juice cocktail = 3 mg sodium, 22 mg potassium, 3 mg phosphorus

1/4 cup serving cranberry sauce = 35 mg sodium, 17 mg potassium, 6 mg phosphorus

1/2 cup serving dried cranberries = 2 mg sodium, 24 mg potassium and 5 mg phosphorus

These tangy, tasty berries may protect against bladder infections by preventing bacteria from sticking to the bladder wall. In a similar way, cranberries may also protect the stomach from ulcer-causing bacteria and improve overall healthy gut bacteria, promoting GI health. Cranberries have also been shown to help protect against cancer and heart disease.

Cranberry juice and cranberry sauce are the most frequently consumed cranberry products. You can also add dried cranberries to salads or have them as a snack.

a plant in a pot of blueberries

8. Blueberries

1/2 cup serving fresh blueberries = 4 mg sodium, 65 mg potassium, 7 mg phosphorus

Blueberries are high in antioxidant phytonutrients called “anthocyanidins,” which give them their blue color, and they are bursting with natural compounds that help reduce inflammation. Blueberries are a good source of vitamin C, manganese (a compound that keeps your bones healthy) and fiber. They may also help protect the brain from some of the effects of aging. Antioxidants in blueberries and other berries may help slow down bone loss.

Buy blueberries fresh, frozen or dried, and try them in cereal, or topped with whipped topping in a fruit smoothie. You can also drink blueberry juice.

a bowl of strawberries

9. Raspberries

1/2 cup serving raspberries = 0 mg sodium, 93 mg potassium, 7 mg phosphorus

Raspberries contain a phytonutrient called “ellagic acid” which helps neutralize free radicals in the body to prevent cell damage. They also contain flavonoids called “anthocyanins,” antioxidants which give them their red color. An excellent source of manganese, vitamin C, fiber and folate, a B vitamin, raspberries may have properties that inhibit cancer cell growth and tumor formation.

Add raspberries to cereal, puree and sweeten them to make a dessert sauce, or add them to vinaigrette dressing.

a bowl of strawberries

10. Strawberries

1/2 cup serving (5 medium) fresh strawberries = 1 mg sodium, 120 mg potassium, 13 mg phosphorus

Strawberries are rich in two types of phenols: anthocyanins and ellagitannins. Anthocyananins are what give strawberries their red color and are powerful antioxidants that help protect body cell structures and prevent oxidative damage. Strawberries are an excellent source of vitamin C and manganese, and a very good source of fiber. They may provide heart protection, as well as anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory components.

Eat strawberries with cereal, smoothies and salads, or slice and serve them fresh or top them with whipped topping. If you’d like a more elaborate dessert, you can make strawberry pudding or sorbet, or puree and sweeten them to serve as a dessert.

a bowl of cherries

11. Cherries

1/2 cup serving fresh sweet cherries = 0 mg sodium, 160 mg potassium, 15 mg phosphorus

Cherries have been shown to reduce inflammation when eaten daily. They are also packed with antioxidants and phytochemicals that help protect the heart.

Eat fresh cherries as a snack or make a cherry sauce to serve with lamb or pork. Cherry juice is another way to consume this tasty food.

Red Grapes

12. Red grapes

1/2 cup serving red grapes = 1 mg sodium, 88 mg potassium, 4 mg phosphorus

Red grapes contain several flavonoids that give them their reddish color. Flavonoids help protect against heart disease by preventing oxidation and reducing the formation of blood clots. Resveratrol, a flavonoid found in grapes, may also stimulate production of nitric oxide which helps relax muscle cells in the blood vessels to increase blood flow. These flavonoids also provide protection against cancer and help prevent inflammation.

Buy grapes with red or purple skin since their anthocyanin content is higher. Freeze them to eat as a snack or to quench thirst for those on a fluid restriction for the dialysis diet. Add grapes to a fruit salad or chicken salad. Try a unique kidney diet recipe for Turkey Kabobs that features grapes. You can also drink them as grape juice.

Egg Whites

13. Egg whites

2 egg whites = 7 grams protein, 110 mg sodium, 108 mg potassium, 10 mg phosphorus

Egg whites are pure protein and provide high-quality protein with all the essential amino acids. For the kidney diet, egg whites provide protein with less phosphorus than other protein sources such as egg yolk or meats.

Buy powdered, fresh or pasteurized egg whites. Make an omelet or egg white sandwich, add pasteurized egg whites to smoothies or shakes, make deviled egg snacks, or add whites of hard-boiled eggs to tuna salad or garden salad to add extra protein.

a group of fish on a cutting board

14. Fish

3 ounces wild salmon = 50 mg sodium, 368 mg potassium, 274 mg phosphorus

Fish provides high-quality protein and contains anti-inflammatory fats called “omega-3s.” The healthy fats in fish can help fight diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Omega-3s also help lower low-density lipoprotein or LDL cholesterol, which is bad cholesterol, and raise high-density lipoprotein or HDL cholesterol, which is good cholesterol.

The American Heart Association1 and American Diabetes Association2 recommend eating fish at least two times a week. The fish highest in omega-3s include white fish, striped bass, herring, mackerel, rainbow trout and salmon.

1American Heart Association: Fish and Omega-3 Fatty Acids

2American Diabetes Association: Diabetes Superstar Foods

Olive Oil

15. Olive oil

1 tablespoon olive oil = less than 1 mg sodium, less than 1 mg potassium, 0 mg phosphorus

Olive oil is a great source of oleic acid, an anti-inflammatory fatty acid. The monounsaturated fat in olive oil helps protect against oxidation. Olive oil is rich in polyphenols and antioxidant compounds that prevent inflammation and oxidation.

Studies show that populations that use large amounts of olive oil instead of other oils have lower rates of heart disease and cancer.

Buy virgin or extra virgin olive oil because they are higher in antioxidants. Use olive oil in cooking, to make salad dressing, for dipping bread in, or for marinating vegetables.

Renal Diet Foods List

If you intend to follow a healthy renal diet plan, the first step to take is to stock your kitchen with the right foods. You’ll also need to educate yourself on renal diet restrictions and be careful to avoid foods that contribute too much sodium, potassium and phosphorus to your diet.

In recent years, advice about the best diet for people with kidney disease has started shifting. A 2017 study published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology found that “healthy dietary patterns,” as opposed to a traditional renal diet, were associated with lower mortality in people with kidney disease. Healthy eating patterns referred to diets that included fruits and vegetables, fish, legumes, whole grains and high-fiber foods, while also limiting red meat, sodium and refined sugar intake.

This finding is noteworthy because it goes against the traditional renal diet guidelines that were recommended in the past. Recent findings from the DIET-HD multi-national cohort study that included over 8,000 hemodialysis patients also showed that a high adherence to the Mediterranean or DASH-type diet was not associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality or all-cause mortality, and actually helped reduce mortality risk.

Based on the latest research, here are renal diet foods to eat: 

  • A variety of vegetables, including leafy greens, raw veggies and cooked veggies (aim for variety). Beets/beet juice, greens like spinach, tomatoes, purple potatoes, seaweeds and celery are some of the best choices. However be aware that depending on the severity of your condition, your doctor might advise that you avoid veggies and fruits that are very high in potassium (for example, avocado, cantaloupe, honeydew, bananas, oranges, fruit juices, tomatoes, beans, etc.)
  • A variety of fruits, especially those high in antioxidants like cranberries, black cherries and blueberries. These dark “superfruits” are nutrient-dense and may help fight kidney infections. Drinking cranberry-lingonberry juice concentrate is another option. Consuming lemon/lime juice is also helpful for its cleansing effects.
  • 100% whole grains, although fortified grains may contribute too many minerals to your diet
  • Organic milk and dairy products, including yogurt, kefir and aged cheeses
  • Grass-fed, quality meats, poultry, and fish. Protein powder, such as collagen powder or protein powder made from bone broth, are also good options.
  • Eggs
  • Nuts, seeds, and legumes (4–5 servings per week)
  • Healthy fats and oils, including coconut oil, olive oil, grass-fed butter and ghee
  • Foods to shown to help lower blood pressure, including: pomegranate juice, greens, coriander, beetroot juice, dark chocolate, flax seed, sesame oil and hibiscus tea
  • Fresh herbs and spices, including: oregano, turmeric, ginger, cinnamon, parsley, rosemary, etc.
  • Also be sure to drink enough water and hydrating fluids, including herbal tea, sparkling water or fruit-infused water

And here are renal diet foods and ingredients to avoid: 

  • Kosher salt, sea salt and other flavored salts such as garlic salt, onion salt or “seasoned” salt
  • Processed meats including cold cuts, ham, bacon, sausage, hot dogs, lunch meats, and chicken tenders or nuggets. Many refrigerated or frozen meats that are packaged “in a solution” are also high in sodium, such as chicken breasts, pork chops, pork tenderloin, steaks or burgers.
  • Most canned soups and frozen meals, which have high sodium levels.
  • Packaged instant rices.
  • Many condiments, including mustards, relish and soy sauce.
  • Refined oils like soybean, safflower or sunflower oil.
  • Beer and soda (especially Mountain Dew®, root beers, Dr. Pepper®, Hawaiian Punch®, Fruitworks®, Cool® iced tea, and Aquafina® tangerine pineapple).
  • A traditional renal diet limited intake of high-potassium foods, although there’s now some controversy over whether this is necessary and beneficial. Potassium is found mainly in fruits, vegetables, dairy products/milk and meats. It’s best to discuss with your doctor if you can still tolerate potassium-rich foods including: cantaloupe, honeydew, bananas, oranges, fruit juices, tomatoes, beans, pumpkin, winter squash, potatoes, bran cereal, and greens like collards, spinach, kale and Swiss chard. These are very healthy foods normally, so if possible, you want to keep them in your diet.
  • Can you eat potatoes on a renal diet? Potatoes and sweet potatoes contain a good amount of potassium, but can usually be eaten in amounts, especially if you peel them and cook them thoroughly.
  • Your doctor may recommend avoiding certain foods that are high in oxalic acid (spinach, rhubarb, tomatoes, collards, eggplant, beets, celery, summer squash, sweet potatoes, peanuts, almonds, blueberries, blackberries, strawberries, parsley and cocoa).
  • To avoid consuming too much phosphorus and potassium, limit intake of milk/dairy products to one cup per day.
  • To avoid getting too much phosphorus, limit dried beans, greens, broccoli, mushrooms and Brussels sprouts to one cup per day. High phosphorus foods that you should consume in small amounts only include: lima, black, red, white, kidney and garbanzo beans, most grains, chocolate, dried vegetables and fruits, and sodas.
  • Avoid having more than one cup of bran, wheat cereals, oatmeal or granola daily, which tend to be fortified.

Although this approach alone isn’t enough to manage kidney disease, doing a “kidney cleanse” is beneficial if you’ve ever suffered with any type of kidney infection, any type of fluid retention, urinary tract infections or kidney stone symptoms. In order to help nourish the kidneys, you consume herbs, fruits and vegetables that have anti-inflammatory effects. In addition to eating the foods recommended above, three herbs that can benefit the kidneys include: stinging nettle, burdock and rehmannia.

  • Stinging nettle is really high in vitamin C and may help flush extra fluids through the kidneys.
  • Burdock root/burdock root tea acts as a diuretic and stimulates the kidneys to get rid of excess fluid, mainly water and sodium.
  • Rehmannia is a Traditional Chinese Medicine herb that’s believed to help cleanse the kidneys.
  • However, if you have chronic kidney disease or serious issues with fluid retention, you should ask your doctor about trying these supplements before starting to use them.

Renal Diet Protocol and Eating Plan

Here is an overview of the renal diet guidelines:

  • Limit or monitor your intake of foods with sodium, potassium and phosphorus. Try to cook at home more and avoid eating out/eating convenience foods, which are typically high in sodium/salt. Do not use salt when cooking food or add extra salt to meals.
  • Avoid high-sodium foods (many packaged foods) by carefully reading labels. Skip any food that has more than 300 milligrams sodium per serving. A good rule of thumb is to “avoid foods that have salt in the first 4 or 5 items in the ingredient list.” Instead, look for lower salt or “no salt added” options or trying making your favorite meals at home.
  • To help manage blood sugar levels, eat “balanced meals” that include a source of protein, healthy fat and complex carb.
  • To avoid getting too much of one mineral, eat a wide variety of fruits and vegetables. This provides you with nutrients without overloading how much potassium you’re consuming.
  • To make meals taste better without adding salt, add herbs and spices — like black pepper, red pepper flakes, cumin, chili powder, garlic and onion (both granulated), dried oregano, smoked paprika, fresh cilantro, fresh basil, fresh scallions, fresh lemon and lime zest, and rosemary.
  • Limit milk to 1 cup per day, or 1 serving of yogurt/1 ounce of cheese.
  • Stick with whole foods, since packaged foods commonly contain phosphate additives.
  • Talk to your doctor about whether you need to limit protein intake, since this depends on the specific patient. In the early stages of chronic kidney disease, you may need to limit the amount of protein you eat. If you need to start dialysis treatments, you may have to eat more protein than before.
  • You should also speak with your doctor about how much fluids you should be consuming, since some patients need to decrease fluid intake and other need to increase it.

Diet Chart For Kidney Failure


Kidney is one of the most important organ in our body that helps purify our blood and flush out the toxins. A kidney failure leads to serious problems. In the initial stages, medication and diet may be a solution. However, as the condition worsens, it becomes important to seek serious medical advice and may involve taking dialysis or kidney replacement.

Water is an important factor in any diet. In the initial stages, there is no restriction as to the water intake. However, as the condition worsens, one is advised to limit consumption of water because it may lead to shortness of breath.

It is the need of the hour to avoid salty food to prevent thirst. Blood pressure is to be kept under control by reducing sodium intake. Many salt companies, etc. Have come with no sodium or sodium less products.

Potassium levels help maintain the balance in our body. Therefore, potassium rich food like broccoli, lettuce and avocado must be taken. Many people suffering from kidney failure succumb to anemia. To stay careful about it one must consciously take in the right amount of iron. Kale, beef, ect. Are rich sources of iron.

Right type and quantity of protein is to be consumed. Protein produces waste which is digested by the kidneys. Therefore, depending on the type of kidney failure, one is always advised to follow the doctor’s recommendation on the right amount of protein. Dairy products are to be avoided on this note.

Diet also includes foods that are to be avoided. Carbonated juices, alcohol, smoking and processed food must be avoided. Follow this diet for fast recovery from kidney failure. Diet always compliments medication to give the best results.

Diet Chart

Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup Vangibath+1 cup toned milk/ 1 cup tea (100ml)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 apple (100gm)
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 chapathi+1/2 cup snake gourd dal(red gram dal leached in hot water for 2 hours)+1/2 cup cabbage(leached) sabji+ 1/2 cup curd
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup puffed rice (murmura)+ 1 cup toned milk/tea (100ml)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup rice+1/2 cup cabbage(leached) sabji
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup capsicum rice+1 cup toned milk/ 1 cup tea (100ml)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 pear (100gm)
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1.5 cup rice+1/2 cup lauki dal(red gram dal leached)+1/2 cup bhindi(leached) sabji+ 1/2 cup curd
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup toned milk/tea (100ml)+ 4 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup rice+ 1/2 cup bhindi(leached) sabji
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)3 rice dosa+1/2 cup sambhar(100ml)(red gram dal-leached, onion, ladies finger, bottle gourd)+1tsp tomato chutney+1 cup toned milk/ 1 cup tea (100ml)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)4 Jambu fruits/ strawberries(small)
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 chapathi+1/2 cup mix veg sambhar(leached (red gram dal,ladies finger, bottle gourd), onion)+ 1/2 cup lauki sabji+ 1/2 cup curd
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)3 Cracker biscuits+ 1 cup toned milk/tea (100ml)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup rice+ 1/2 cup lauki sabji
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)4 rice Idly+ 1/2 cup sambhar (100ml)(red gram dal-leached, onion, ladies finger, bottle gourd)+1 tsp methi chutney+1 cup toned milk/ 1 cup tea (100ml)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)Pineapple (100gm)
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 chapathi+1/2 cup ridge gourd sabji+1/2 cup methi dal(both methi and red gram dal leached)+ 1/2 cup curd
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup toned milk/tea (100ml)+ 4 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup rice+1/2 cup ridge gourd sabji
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup vermicelli upma+1 cup toned milk/1 cup tea(100ml)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)Musk melon (100gm)
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1.5 cup rice+ 1/2 cup capsicum(leached) sabji+ 1/2 cup ridge gourd dal(red gram dal leached)+ 1/2 cup curd
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup poha (rice flakes)+ 1 cup toned milk/tea (100ml)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup rice+ 1/2 cup capsicum(leached) sabji
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)3 chapathi+ capsicum curry-1/2 cup+1 cup toned milk/ 1 cup tea (100ml)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)papaya (100gm)
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 chapathi+brinjal(leached) sabji+1/2 cup tomato dal(green gram dal leached)+ 1/2 cup curd
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup toned milk/tea (100ml)+ 4 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup rice+ brinjal(leached) sabji
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup tomato rice + methi chutney- 2 tsp+1 cup toned milk/ 1 cup tea (100ml)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 small wedge(100gm) watermelon
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1.5 cup rice+1/2 cup mix veg sambhar (leached(red gram dal),ridge gourd, snake gourd,bottle gourd)+1/2 cup ivy gourd(parmal) sabji+ 1/2 cup curd
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup toned milk/tea (100ml)+ 4 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup rice+ 1/2 cup ivy gourd sabji

Food Items To Limit

  1. Sodium is a mineral found in salt (sodium chloride), and it is widely used in food preparation. Salt is one of the most commonly used seasonings, and it takes time to get used to reducing the salt in your diet. However, reducing salt/sodium is an important tool in controlling your kidney disease. Potassium is a mineral involved in how muscles work. When kidneys do not function properly, potassium builds up in the blood. This can cause changes in how the heart beats, possibly even leading to a heart attack. Potassium is found mainly in fruits and vegetables (avocados, dried fruits (including raisins, apricots and prunes), potatoes, oranges, bananas and salt substitutes); plus milk and meats. You will need to avoid certain ones and limit the amount of others.
  2. Phosphorus is another mineral that can build up in your blood when your kidneys don’t work properly. When this happens, calcium can be pulled from your bones and can collect in your skin or blood vessels. Bone disease can then become a problem, making you more likely to have a bone break. Foods containing phosphorus are Seeds (Pumpkin & Squash), Cheese (Romano), Fish (Salmon), Shellfish (Scallops), Nuts (Brazil), Pork (Lean Sirloin), Beef & Veal (Lean Beef), Low Fat Dairy (Nonfat Yogurt), Soya Foods (Tofu), Beans & Lentils (Lentils) and carbonated beverages.
  3. Protein-found in meats, fish, poultry, dairy products, nuts and some grains helps your body form muscle and tissue. But when your kidneys are not working well, the byproducts of protein breakdown can build up in your blood. This can make your kidneys work harder.

Do’s And Dont’s


  1. Limit your fluid intake (including drinking water and other liquids in diet) as per the dietitian’s/ doctor’s advice.
  2. Do use foods high in potassium( green leafy vegetables/ pulses) after leaching process.
  3. Keep a diary for the foods that can be consumed, avoided and limited.


  1. Avoid sodium rich foods, processed, canned foods, foods containing preservatives.
  2. Avoid foods rich in phosphorus (all protein foods are rich in phosphorus) such as meat, chicken, legumes and pulses, dairy products, nuts and carbonated beverages.
  3. Avoid high potassium foods that can not be leached such as banana, mango, coconut water, avocado, potatoes(white &sweet), yoghurt, whole milk, pumpkin, beans, fish, tomato sauce, beet root, chillies)
  4. Avoid sugary foods, sweets and other snacks that contain high amounts of sodium and potassium.
  5. Over consumption of liquids has to be avoided as that might lead to high blood pressure. general liquid intake is 800ml-1000ml/day.

Food Items You Can Easily Consume

  1. Cereals & cereal products- white rice, wheat products.
  2. Legumes & Pulses- Arhar daal, toor daal, chickpeas, bengal gram daal (leached)
  3. Fruits & Vegetables- papaya, pineapple, peach, berries, white jamun, apple, guava, all gourds except bitter gourd, leached green leafy vegetables.

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