Diet Plan For Kidney Stones


Diet plan for kidney stones or renal diet is a special kidney-friendly diet that you can choose to follow if you have a history of having this condition. This diet is recommended if you have a family history of developing kidney stones, especially if they are made up of calcium oxalate.

Kidney Stone Diet Plan and Prevention

What is a kidney stone?

A kidney stone is a hard mass that forms from crystals in the urine. For most people, natural chemicals in the urine keep stones from forming and causing problems.

Are all kidney stones the same?

No. Uric acid and calcium stones are the two most typical forms of kidney stones. Depending on the type of stone, dietary modifications and medical care are tailored to prevent recurrence.

What is the most important factor to prevent kidney stone formation?


Water consumption is one of the finest things you can do to prevent kidney stones. This will ensure that you urinate frequently to prevent any calcium or uric acid buildup.

Don’t undervalue your perspiration! Although they may seem beneficial for your health, saunas, hot yoga, and vigorous exercise can also cause kidney stones. Why? Less urine may be produced as a result of water loss from perspiration, which may be brought on by these activities or just the summer heat. Because reduced urination results from increased sweating, minerals that might cause kidney and urinary tract stones are able to settle and accumulate there.

Drink water to hydrate. Make sure to stay hydrated, especially if you’re exercising or engaging in other activities that make you sweat a lot. To produce a healthy amount of pee each day, you should consume 2 to 3 quarts of liquid, or 8 to 12 cups. Consult a healthcare practitioner to determine how much water is appropriate for you. Avoid drinking grapefruit juice, sweetened iced tea, sodas (particularly those with a lot of fructose), and other caffeinated beverages.

What kind of diet plan is recommended to prevent stones?

There is no single diet plan for stone prevention. Most diet recommendations are based on stone types and individualized for each person.

1. Calcium Oxalate Stones: most common stones

Oxalate occurs naturally in a wide variety of foods, including fruits, vegetables, cereals, legumes, nuts & seeds, chocolate and tea. Foods with high oxalate content include peanuts, rhubarb, spinach, beets, Swiss chard, chocolate, and sweet potatoes, to name a few. It may be advantageous for those who develop calcium oxalate kidney stones, the most common type of kidney stone, to limit their intake of these foods.

Consume oxalate-rich meals and calcium-containing foods like milk, yogurt, and some cheeses together at mealtime. Before accessing the kidneys, the oxalate and calcium from the diets are more likely to bind to one another in the stomach and intestines. Kidney stones will be less prone to occur as a result of this.

Although it often gets a bad rap, calcium is not the enemy. Its name and the common misconception that calcium is the primary cause of calcium-oxalate stones are most likely to blame for this. Having kidney stones is really more likely if you eat a low-calcium diet.

Don’t cut back on your calcium intake. Reduce your sodium intake and match calcium-rich foods with oxalate-rich foods in your diet. 1000–1200 mg of calcium per day is advised to prevent calcium stones (you can eat 3 servings of dairy products with meals to meet the recommendation).

You lose more calcium in your urine when you consume more sodium. Eating foods high in sodium will cause more calcium to flow out into the urine because sodium and calcium share the same transporter in the kidney. Consequently, consuming a lot of sodium can raise your risk of getting another stone. There are numerous sources of “hidden” salt, including canned or industrially processed foods, fast food, and prepared meals at restaurants.

By consuming fresh, low-sodium foods, you can reduce your intake of sodium, which can assist to reduce calcium leakage in the urine and help you manage your blood pressure if you have high blood pressure.

2. Uric acid stones: another common stone

There are significant levels of purines, a naturally occurring chemical component, in red meat, organ meats, and shellfish. Increased uric acid synthesis and acid load on the kidneys result from increased purine consumption. More acidic urine results from increased uric acid excretion. Uric acid stones are more likely to form because of the urine’s high acid concentration.

Reduce your intake of high-purine meals including red meat, organ meats, beer and alcoholic beverages, meat-based gravies, sardines, anchovies, and shellfish to prevent uric acid stones. Consume a diet high in fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products. Reduce your intake of sugar-sweetened items, especially those that contain high fructose corn syrup. Limit your alcohol intake because it can raise your blood uric acid levels, and stay away from crash diets for the same reason. By reducing urine acidity and increasing fruit and vegetable consumption, one can potentially lessen the risk of developing uric acid stones.

Will it help or hurt to take a vitamin or mineral supplement?

It has not been demonstrated that the B vitamins, which include thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, B6 and B12, are detrimental to patients who have kidney stones. In fact, several research have suggested that B6 may benefit those who have high urine oxalate levels. However, it is best to seek advice from your doctor or dietitian before using vitamin C, vitamin D, fish liver oils, or other calcium-containing dietary supplements, as some dietary supplements may make some people more prone to developing stones.

Diet Recommendations for Kidney Stones

General Recommendations

  1. Drink plenty of fluid: 2-3 quarts/day
    • This includes any type of fluid such as water, coffee and lemonade which have been shown to have a beneficial effect with the exception of grapefruit juice and soda.
    • This will help produce less concentrated urine and ensure a good urine volume of at least 2.5L/day
  2. Limit foods with high oxalate content
    • Spinach, many berries, chocolate, wheat bran, nuts, beets, tea and rhubarb should be eliminated from your diet intake
  3. Eat enough dietary calcium
    • Three servings of dairy per day will help lower the risk of calcium stone formation. Eat with meals.
  4. Avoid extra calcium supplements
    • Calcium supplements should be individualized by your physician and registered kidney dietitian
  5. Eat a moderate amount of protein
    • High protein intakes will cause the kidneys to excrete more calcium therefore this may cause more stones to form in the kidney
  6. Avoid high salt intake
    • High sodium intake increases calcium in the urine which increases the chances of developing stones
    • Low salt diet is also important to control blood pressure.
  7. Avoid high doses of vitamin C supplements
    • It is recommend to take 60mg/day of vitamin C based on the US Dietary Reference Intake
    • Excess amounts of 1000mg/day or more may produce more oxalate in the body

Foods to eat

Dietary advice will vary since kidney stones differ depending on the minerals they contain.

To learn what meals should and should not be consumed in order to reduce the likelihood of developing stones in the future, a person should consult their doctor about which foods produce stones.

The foods to include in your diet to prevent kidney stone formation are listed below.


Since kidney stones frequently develop as a result of dehydration, adding more water to the diet can help avoid them. Six to eight glasses should be consumed each day, according to the National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

Along with water, various liquids may be consumed. However, because many drinks have a high salt content, it is crucial to examine the beverage’s sodium concentration.

Additionally, it is preferable to stay away from extremely sugary beverages such sweetened juices and sodas.

Calcium and oxalate-rich foods

If a person eats a lot of spinach or other foods high in oxalate, they should include calcium-rich foods. Kidney stones are more likely to form on a low-calcium diet. In the intestines, calcium and oxalate bind to one another, preventing stones from forming.

Some foods to include are:

  • low-fat or fat-free milk products
  • calcium-fortified foods, such as cereals, bread, and juices
  • beans
  • calcium-rich vegetables, such as broccoli
  • seaweed, such as kelp

Fruits and vegetables

Vegetables and fruits must be a staple of any diet. Increasing the amount of veggies in one’s diet can aid in preventing the formation of stones. Fruits are available fresh, frozen, or dried.

According to a 2014 review of studies, fruits with high citric acid content, such oranges and lemons, have also shown a beneficial effect in reducing kidney stones.

People should be aware of the high oxalate content fruits and vegetables, such as spinach, and work to reduce their intake. As an alternative, individuals might take them with foods that are high in calcium.

Plant-based protein

Animal-based proteins in moderation are safe to eat. However, consuming too much animal protein can make someone more susceptible to kidney stones.

Dietitians advise including sources of plant-based protein in a diet to prevent kidney stones. Lentils, peas, and beans are a few examples.

Protein demands differ from person to person, therefore people should talk to their doctors or dietitians about their specific requirements.

Foods to limit or avoid

Choosing which food to limit depends on the type of stone developing in a person’s body.

Foods to limit, include:

  • high-sodium foods, including processed, packaged foods as well as meals from fast food establishments
  • certain animal proteins, including eggs, fish, pork, and beef

If a person has had calcium oxalate stones, they may wish to restrict their intake of the following foods, which are high oxalate and may increase the risk of recurrence:

  • nuts
  • peanuts
  • spinach
  • wheat bran
  • rhubarb

Individual needs and dietary requirements will vary because everyone is unique.

Speaking with a doctor or nutritionist is the most crucial part of controlling food when trying to prevent reoccurring kidney stones. They will be able to determine the kind of kidney stone that is forming and how to stop or slow down its growth.

How does the diet work?

Some foods include specific chemicals or compounds that may affect the formation of kidney stones, especially if a person consumes them frequently in large quantities.

Kidney stones are less likely to develop if you limit your consumption of certain items.

Can diet alone treat kidney stones?

A change in diet alone may be sufficient for some persons to avoid kidney stones.

In some situations, more extensive care may be required, such as medicines to break up the stones or surgery to remove the stones.

It is best to visit a doctor or nephrologist if stones start to cause excruciating pain so they can advise on the best course of action.

Diet Chart For Kidney Stones Patients

About Kidney Stone Diet

A kidney stone is a solid item that is created from urine-based compounds. Diverse wastes are dissolved in urine. Crystals start to develop when there is too much waste in too little liquid. The crystals draw in additional substances and combine to form a solid, which only grows in size until it is eliminated from the body through the urine.

The kidney, the body’s chief chemist, often eliminates these compounds in the urine. Most people’s kidney stones are either washed out by adequate liquid or prevented from developing by other substances in urine. Calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate are the substances that cause stones to develop. To prevent complications, it’s crucial to control your diet based on the type of stone you have.

You may need to stick to a special food plan if you have kidney stones. Following a certain eating regimen may occasionally be sufficient to stop you from developing further kidney stones. Other times, medicine may be required in addition to a strict nutrition regimen. The DASH diet is suggested by several doctors.

Please be aware that not all dietary suggestions are beneficial for all stone-forming conditions. Find out which diet is best for you by speaking with your doctor. The amount of salt (sodium), calcium, oxalate, protein, citrate, potassium, and hydration in your diet may need to be adjusted. You can get assistance in making these modifications from a qualified dietitian.

For kidney stone sufferers, we develop a 7-day diet plan that includes foods that don’t contain calcium oxalate. Include a lot of juices as well, such as pomegranate and coconut water. We have provided a whole diet’s recommended meal schedule.

These nutritious meals are listed following discussions with qualified dietitians. We also include a list of foods to avoid while on this diet because they can lead to kidney stones. You must also modify your way of life in addition to following this Indian diet plan for kidney stone patients.

Diet Chart For Kidney Stone Problem

Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)2 paratha(aloo/gobhi/methi) with 2 tsp green chutney+1 glass milk(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium size pea
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 roti+brinjal sabji+1/2 cup rasam+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 bajra roti+lauki methi curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)3 uthappam+2tsp methi chutney+1 glass milk(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100gm musk melon
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)4 jowar roti+ 1/2 cup bitter gourd sabji+1/2 cup french beans curry+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti+1/2 cup colocasia(arbi) curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup bajra upma with vegetables+1 glass milk(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100gm pomegranate
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 roti+1/2 cup rasam+1/2 cup capsicum sabji
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 jowar roti+1/2 cup raw banana curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Vegetable sandwich with 4 whole wheat bread slices+cucumber,tomato, onion,spinach/lettuce+1 glass milk(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100 gm of pineapple
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 roti+1/2 cup rasam+1/2 cup ivy gourd(parmal) sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti+1/2 cup tinda curry+ 1/2 cup cucumber salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)3 rice dosa+1/2 cup sambhar(less dal)+1tsp methi chutney+1 glass milk(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 banana
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)4 bajra roti+1/2 cup methi sabji +1/2 cup mooli curry+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 bajra roti+ 1/2 cup ridge gourd(thori) curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)4 rice Idly+ 1/2 cup sambhar(less dal)+1 tsp coconut chutney+1 glass milk(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium size orange
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 roti+1/2 cup rasam+1/2 cup cabbage sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti+1/2 cup bhindi curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1/2 cup cornflakes in 1 glass milk(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium size guava
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rice+2 roti+1/2 cup snake gourd sabji+1/2 cup rasam+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 jowar roti+1/2 cup cauliflower curry + 1 cup cucumber salad

Do’s And Dont’s While Following Diet Plan for Kidney Stone

If you are suffering from kidney stones, you can start making some simple changes in your lifestyles and food habits which are mentioned below, along with the kidney stone diet plan mentioned above:


  1. Tomato with seed.
  2. Avoid drinking a lot of coffee/tea and alcoholic beverages
  3. More intake of sea foods and salty foods.
  4. Regular intake of Guavas.


Drink sufficient water

Take adequate amount of Calcium.

Limited amount of animal protein.

Food Items You Can Easily Consume in Kidney Stone

  1. Cereals: Brown rice, Oat meal, Brocken wheat, Ragi, Quinoa.
  2. Pulses: Chickpeas, Kidney beans, moong dal, masoor dal, soybeans.
  3. Vegetables: All gourds-bitter gourd, snake gourd, ridge gourd, bottle gourd, ivy gourd, ladies finger, tinda,green leafy vegetables.
  4. Fruits: Custard Apple, Pears, Grape and Watermelon, Orenges and Apple.
  5. Milk and Milk products: Skim milk, Paneer, Cotage Cheese, Yoghurt.
  6. Meat, Fish and Egg: Lean Meat, Chicken Breast, Tuna, Salmon, Tilapia, Sword fish , Cod.
  7. Oil: 1.5 Tbsp/ day( Olive oil, Mustard Oil, Rice bran Oil, Canola oil
  8. Sugar: 1 Tsp/ day.

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