Diet Plan For Uric Acid

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A Diet plan for uric acid is a necessity if you want to naturally reduce the level of uric acid in your body. Uric acid, also known as purine is a byproduct found in urine. The diet plan for uric acid is provided to help you avoid and lessen the possibility of the accumulation of uric acid in the body.

It is quite a challenge to select the right diet and plan for treating the high levels of uric acid in the blood. The article highlights the various aspects of diet plans for uric acid.

Related POst: Diet Plan To Prevent Diabetes

What is uric acid?

Uric acid is produced when your body breaks down chemicals called purines. Uric acid is meant to be a waste product: It dissolves in your bloodstream, flows through your kidneys, and leaves your body in your urine.

However, if the uric acid in your blood isn’t filtered out efficiently and reaches a high level, called hyperuricemia, it can cause crystals to form. If these crystals settle in your joints, it could lead to gout, a type of arthritis. About 20% of people with hyperuricemia develop gout.

You may have an increased risk for high uric acid levels if you have:

  • Obesity 
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Psoriasis
  • Been undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer

Your uric acid level can be measured with a blood test. For women, it should be under 6 milligrams per deciliter of blood. For males, it should be under 7 mg/dL. If your uric acid levels are too high, here are some of the best ways to lower them naturally: 

1. Eat foods with fewer purines 

Purines are chemicals that are naturally produced by your body and are also found in certain foods. Animal purines from meat and seafood can especially affect your uric acid level. 

“Most people eat more [purines] than they think,” says Dr. Monya De, an internist in Los Angeles.

The following foods contain high amounts of purine, so those seeking to lower their uric acid level should avoid or limit eating them:

  • Organ meat like liver or kidneys
  • Shellfish and oily fish such as anchovies and tuna
  • Some vegetables, including asparagus, mushrooms, and spinach
  • Gravy

On the other hand, the following foods contain low amounts of purine, so eating them won’t increase your uric acid level:

  • Nuts and peanut butter
  • Eggs
  • Low-fat or nonfat dairy products including cheese, milk, and yogurt
  • Cherries and other fruits

Following a healthy diet can also help lower your uric acid levels. For example, a 2016 study published in the American College of Rheumatology journal Arthritis & Rheumatology found that following the DASH diet for 30 days helped people with prehypertension and hypertension lower their uric acid level by as much as 1.3 mg/dL. 

2. Get more vitamin C 

Researchers have found that vitamin C may help lower uric acid levels. In a 2005 study published in Arthritis & Rheumatism, participants who took 500-mg vitamin C supplements daily for two months had significantly lower uric acid levels — an average drop of 0.5 mg/dL — than participants who took placebos.

For people who already have gout, however, the same may not be true. A 2013 study published in Arthritis & Rheumatism found that participants with gout who took 500 mg of vitamin C daily for eight weeks did not significantly lower their uric acid levels.

In addition, if you have had kidney stones, you should talk to your doctor about your vitamin C intake, as it may increase your risk of stone formation. 

3. Limit alcohol and sugary drinks 

Drinking beer and liquor appears to raise your uric acid level, according to the Third US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey published in Arthritis Care & Research. 

Alcohol increases the purines in your blood, which results in the production of more uric acid. Beer contains the most purines, while wine has the fewest.

“The dehydration from alcohol can be a reason for high levels, plus alcohol independently stops the body from urinating away uric acid due to an interaction with higher lactic acid levels,” De says.

Soft drinks that contain sugar or high-fructose corn syrup were also linked to increased uric acid levels, according to results from the same survey. When your body breaks down the fructose, a natural sugar in these drinks, it produces purines, which then produce uric acid.

To help lower your uric acid level, you should stay away from these drinks:

  • Beer
  • Liquor
  • Soft drinks with sugar or high-fructose corn syrup
  • Juices with high-fructose corn syrup

4. Drink coffee 

Coffee contains an antioxidant called chlorogenic acid that can lower your uric acid levels and may even prevent gout.

For example, men in a 2007 study who said they drank four to five cups of coffee a day had a 40% lower relative risk of gout when compared with men who didn’t drink coffee.

Drinking up to about four cups of brewed coffee each day appears to be safe for healthy adults, the Mayo Clinic reports. But drinking more could lead to caffeine-related side effects like headaches, insomnia, and nervousness.

5. Try to lose weight 

In addition to avoiding certain foods and drinks, losing weight can also lower your uric acid level. Being overweight or obese makes your kidneys less efficient at eliminating uric acid through your urine. The risk of getting gout is 10 times as high for people who are obese as it is for people who are at a healthy weight.

A 2017 study published in Oncotarget of 4,678 people in China with high uric acid levels found that those who lost more than 22 pounds over two years had “significantly” lower uric acid levels. This was especially true for obese middle-aged men.

For overweight and obese people who have gout, a 2017 review of 907 patients from 10 studies found that those who lost from 6 to 75 pounds lowered their uric acid level by about 0.3 to 1.9 mg/dL.

Diet for gout and high uric acid levels

Tips for gout and high uric acid levels

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In the middle ages, gout was known as the disease of the wealthy. Nowadays, it is one of the most common metabolism illnesses among adults that are associated with nutrition. Gout results from excessively high uric acid levels in the blood. There are two types of gout, primary gout, which is congenital and secondary gout, which is an acquired disease. Primary gout is the result of a metabolism problem associated with insufficient removal of waste by the kidneys. In the case of the second form, gout is caused by illnesses such as tumors, anemia, and diabetes with kidney function problems. Nutrition-related causes include total fasting and the increased consumption of meat and alcohol.

But what causes excessive uric acid in the blood?


Organic compounds called Purines are changed into uric acid by the metabolic activity of the body. Uric acid is then eliminated from the body through the kidneys. If this function is disrupted, as in the case of primary gout, the uric acid will remain in the body. This means that the uric acid level in the blood will increase. We also absorb uric acid from our food, particularly from animal products.

How does uric acid cause gout?

Increased uric acid levels usually remain unnoticed for many years due to the lack of symptoms. Ultimately, however, permanently increased uric acid levels will result in gout. These increased levels cause the formation of uric acid crystals. These crystals tend to gather in the large toe, in bursae, tendon sheaths, and ear cartilage, or the kidneys as stones. Acute gout attacks typically involve the sudden onset of severe pain, accompanied by extreme redness and swelling in these areas. There is no reason to get to this stage if countermeasures can be taken at the right time, and symptoms can be avoided with a balanced diet.

How to diagnose gout?


Uric acid levels can be determined through a blood test. Men are much more frequently affected by raised values and gout than women. However, the risk for women also increases at the beginning of the menopause period, as the protective effect of estrogen will no longer be provided. During a longer fasting period or in the case of extreme diets, the increased breakdown of body cells can increase uric acid levels. And the opposite is also true: if you eat too much meat and drink excessive amounts of alcohol, the levels will increase.

What other guidelines should I follow?

  • Increase liquid intake. Drink 8 to 16 (eight-ounce) cups of liquid each day. At least half of the liquid you drink should be water. Liquid can help your body get rid of extra uric acid.
  • Limit or avoid alcohol. Alcohol (especially beer) increases your risk of a gout attack. Beer contains a high amount of purine.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. If you are overweight, you should lose weight slowly. Weight loss can help decrease the amount of stress on your joints. Regular exercise can help you lose weight if you are overweight, or maintain your weight if you are at a normal weight. Talk to your healthcare provider before you begin an exercise program.

Gout Diet: Foods to Eat and Those to Avoid

Skip foods and drinks that are high in purines to help lower your chances of an attack.

You should stay away from these types of food:

  • Beer and grain liquors (like vodka and whiskey)
  • Red meat, lamb, and pork
  • Organ meats, such as liver, kidneys, and glandular meats like the thymus or pancreas (you may hear them called sweetbreads)
  • Seafood, especially shellfish like shrimp, lobster, mussels, anchovies, and sardines
  • High-fructose products like soda and some juices, cereal, ice cream, candy, and fast food

Best Foods for a Gout Diet

You’ll want to go for low-purine options like:

  • Low-fat and nondairy fat products, such as yogurt and skim milk
  • Fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Nuts, peanut butter, and grains
  • Fat and oil
  • Potatoes, rice, bread, and pasta
  • Eggs (in moderation)
  • Meats like fish, chicken, and red meat are fine in moderation (around 4 to 6 ounces per day).
  • Vegetables: You may see veggies like spinach and asparagus on the high-purine list, but studies show they don’t raise your risk of gout or gout attacks.

What Can You Drink if You Have Gout?

Foods aren’t the only thing that can affect uric acid. What you drink matters, too.

Dos

It’s a good idea to drink lots of fluids — 8 to 16 cups a day. At least half of what you drink should be water. Vitamin C (think orange juice) also can help lower uric acid, but studies also show that the high fructose in OJ may boost uric acid levels, so drink it in moderation. Caffeinated coffee can cut uric acid, too, as long as you don’t overdo it.

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Don’ts

Stay away from sugary drinks like soda and fruit juice. You also may need to limit or avoid alcohol as well. Talk with your doctor to find out what’s right for you.

While a healthy diet can help control how much uric acid is in your system, you may still need medicine to prevent future attacks. Talk with your doctor about all your treatment options.

Diet Chart For Uric Acid

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Pain and inflammation occur when too much uric acid crystallizes and deposits in the joints, tendons, and surrounding tissues, resulting in an attack of gout. The joint at the base of the big toe is affected in about half of the cases. Gout is due to elevated levels of uric acid in the blood. This occurs due to a combination of diet and genetic factors. Symptoms of gout include severe pain, redness, and swelling in joints, often the big toe. Attacks can come suddenly, often at night. Patients with chronic gout can use behavioral modifications such as diet, exercise, and decreased intake of alcohol to help minimize the frequency of attacks. Taking vitamin C and eating a diet high in low-fat dairy products may be preventive. Additionally, patients with chronic gout are often put on medication to reduce uric acid levels.

Diet Chart

Sunday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30 AM)4 rice Idly+ 1/2 cup sambhar(less dal)+1 tsp coconut chutney+1 glass milk(toned)/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium size pear
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM)1 cup brown rice+2 jowar roti+1/2 cup rasam+1/2 cup cabbage sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM)3 bar roti+1/2 cup bhindi curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Monday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30 AM)1/2 cup cornflakes in 1 glass milk(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium-size guava
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM)1 cup brown rice+2 bajra roti+1/2 cup fenugreek buttermilk +1/2 cup mooli sabzi
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM)3 jar roti+1/2 cup cauliflower curry + 1 cup cucumber salad
Tuesday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30 AM)3 rice dosa+1/2 cup sambhar(less dal)+2 tsp curry leaves powder+1 glass milk(toned)/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 medium size orange
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM)1 cup brown rice+2 jowar roti+aloo brinjal sabji+1/2 cup rasam+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM)3 bar roti+lauki methi curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Wednesday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30 AM)3 uthappam+2tsp methi chutney+1 glass milk/1 cup tea(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 banana
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM)1 cup brown rice+2 bajra roti+ 1/2 cup fenugreek buttermilk+1/2 cup french beans sabzi
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM)3 jar roti+1/2 cup colocasia(arbi) curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Thursday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30 AM)1 cup bajra up with vegetables+1 glass milk/1 cup tea(toned)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100gm musk melon
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM)1 cup brown rice+2 jowar roti+1/2 cup snake gourd sabji+1/2 cup rasam+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM)3 bar roti+ 1/2 cup ridge gourd(tori) curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Friday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30 AM)2 paratha(aloo/gobhi/methi) with 2 tsp green chutney+1 glass milk(toned)/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100gm pomegranate
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM)1 cup brown rice+2 bajra roti+1/2 cup fenugreek buttermilk+1/2 cup capsicum sabzi
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM)3 jar roti+1/2 cup raw banana curry+1/2 cup cucumber salad
Saturday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30 AM)Vegetable sandwich with 4 whole wheat bread slices+banana,cucumber, onion,lettuce+1 glass milk(toned)/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100 gm of pineapple
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM)1 cup brown rice+2 jowar roti+1/2 cup rasam+1/2 cup ivy gourd(partial) sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM)1 cup green tea+2-3 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM)3 bar roti+1/2 cup tienda curry+ 1/2 cup cucumber salad
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Do’s And Dont’s

Don’ts

  1. Rely on soft drinks, sweetened cereals, cookies and cakes, donuts and pastries, chips, and confectionery to get you through the day.
  2. Don’t skip meals. This will tempt you to snack and DO NOT snack between meals
  3. Avoid eating quickly. Sit and chew each bite. Try using chopsticks!
  4. Don’t food shop when you’re hungry.
  5. Don’t eat more than two or three pieces of fruit per day-Diet Plan For Uric Acid

Do’s

  1. Eat more vegetables – add them to every meal.
  2. Drink plenty of water – you can become hungry when thirsty.
  3. Try eating off smaller plates to eat smaller portions
  4. Exercise between 30 minutes to one hour each day with moderate exercise – brisk walking, team sport, cycling, or swimming.
  5. Be mindful of what you put in your mouth and your shopping trolley.

Related Post: Best Diet Plan For Diabetes

Food Items You Can Easily Consume

  1. Cereals: Whole grains-rice, wheat,jowar, bajra
  2. Pulses: red gram, green gram, black gram, Bengal gram
  3. Vegetables: all gourds-bitter gourd, snake gourd, ridge gourd, bottle gourd, ivy gourd, ladies finger, tienda, green leafy vegetables(Diet Plan For Uric Acid)
  4. Fruits: banana, citrus fruits-orange, mousambi, grapefruit, lemon; berries-strawberry, blueberry, blackberry; cranberry, cherries, papaya, pineapple.
  5. Milk and milk products: low-fat milk, low-fat curd.
  6. Other beverages: coffee, and green tea.
  7. Fish: salmon.
  8. Oil: 2 tbsp (30ml)
  9. Sugar: 2 tsp (10gm)Diet Plan For Uric Acid

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