Different Fruits With Pictures, Fruits are good for health. For taste and look, we have different kinds of fruits like apple, orange, guava, banana and delicious watermelon etc. Fruits are the ripened ovaries of flowering plants. They mostly come in a various of shapes and sizes. Fruits can make a great snack or lunch food. A bowl of fruits can be eaten when they are fresh, dried, frozen or canned. Here is a set of those fruits with pictures.
Different Types of Fruits along with Their Name and Picture
Fruits are a perfect way of gaining some major nutrients and are the best source of Vitamin A, vitamin C, and some other minerals. They are also considered the best sources of dietary fiber.
Fresh fruits are generally low in calories because they contain enough water in them with a little fat. But in the case of frozen foods, the addition of sugar will result in increasing the calories. We generally refer to fruits by their sweet or sour taste, but fruits are a seed-bearing structure in biological terms.
In this article, we will discuss all different types of fruits along with their properties. After reading the interesting facts about these fruits, you will appreciate them more.
What is a Fruit?
The fruit is just a product of trees that bears the seed and can be consumed by all living beings. Some of them are sweet, while the others are sour. There are wide varieties of fruits available on the planet. Some of them can be eaten raw, while some can be eaten in frozen form. Some of the vegetables, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, squash, etc., are also treated as fruits.
Different Categories of Fruits: Introduction
Fruits are generally divided into some subcategories such as:
Achene is a dry fruit developed from a single ovary and consists of a thin wall around its seed. Strawberry, Sunflower Seeds, etc., are some of the examples of Achene.
Berries are the most popular types of fruits because of their delicious taste. They are also considered the healthiest food on the planet.
Berries are small juicy fruits with a sour, sweet, or tart taste depending on their categories. Strawberries, Blueberries, Raspberry, etc., are some of the examples of Berries.
Berries are very healthy because they are packed up with a lot of antioxidants in a small package.
Pomes are those fruits that have a hard covering around their seed. Apples and Pears are examples of Pome fruits.
The main characteristic of this category of fruits is its central core, which surrounds the seed.
Caryopsis is a type of fruit mostly seen in cereals; it is the single fruit in the walls of the ovaries joined to the outer seed covering.
Corn, Rice, Rye, Oats, etc., are some of Caryopsis Fruits’ most common types.
Drupes are those kinds of fruits with a single seed only and are surrounded by a hard layer. Drupes are generally sweet, juicy fruits, and they are also a rich source of vitamins, minerals, and fibers.
Mangoes, apricots, cherries, plums, etc., are different examples of Drupes.
Legumes are generally long sized fruits and contain many seeds inside them. These seeds are released when the fruit is peeled along.
Peas, Beans, Peanuts, etc., are some different examples of Legumes.
A Nut is considered a dry fruit with a tough outer covering, and inside the hard shell, there is a single edible seed.
Chestnuts, Hazelnuts, Acorns, etc., are some different examples of Nuts.
Citrus fruits are also considered as a variety of berries. They come in different colors ranging from yellow to orange. Their segments are filled with tiny liquid-filled carpels that contain citrus juice.
The protective covering around the citrus fruits is also very beneficial. It contains volatile oil, which is mostly used in making essential oils.
Lemon, Lime, Pomelo, etc., are different examples of Citrus Fruits.
Pepos are large fruits that have multiple seeds inside them. Most of the pepo’s fruits are also considered vegetables such as cucumbers, pumpkins, squash, etc.
List of Types of Fruits to Eat:
Apple, also known as Malus Domestica, is a juicy and delicious fruit. It mainly originates in Central Asia, but now they are spreading to various other parts, which results in multiple varieties of apple fruits.
Apple is grown from flowers first and contains multiple seeds inside itself. Only the edible part is considered as the fruit.
They can grow to a maximum of 4 inches and come in different colors such as yellow, red, and green. The taste mainly depends upon its acidity level. You can consume them as the whole fruit or as other desserts.
The Banana is considered a tropical fruit that is famous for a lot of nutrition. It generally belongs to the Musaceae family, and it has multiple seeds inside it.
Banana comes with an outer, yellow-colored covering, which after peeling reveals the edible part. The fun fact with bananas is that both ripe and unripe varieties can be edible.
Bananas are readily available anywhere in the country and are very inexpensive too. They are also used for making chips, cakes, and desserts.
Mango, also known as Mangifera Indica, is considered the king of fruits and mostly grows in tropical areas. It consists of a yellow-colored pulp, which has a delightful taste. Mango belongs to the Anacardiaceae family and is only available in the summer season. Depending on the variety of mango, their taste also differs, such as the unripe mango tastes sour while the fully ripe mango tastes very sweet.
Mangoes are beneficial because they are rich in vitamin C and various other antioxidants. That is why it is considered the most nutritional kind of fruit.
Orange comes in the category of Citrus fruits and is fully loaded with vitamin C. They are mostly round, and they have an outer covering of green or yellow color. After peeling the outer layer, there are bean-shaped edible fruits that have juicy pulp and a mixture of a sweet and sour taste. The taste also depends upon the stage of ripening.
This fruit is very beneficial as its juice can be used as a health drink worldwide. Its outer peel can also be used as an aromatic agent and in cosmetics.
Papaya is another trendy fruit that comes in tropical fruits and can be mainly found in Mexico and Central America. The scientific name of Papaya is Carica Papaya or Paw Paw. Papaya is enormous and has a sweet pulp and numerous black colored seeds inside it.
They are usually cylindrical, and they can maximum grow up to a size of 20 inches. They are mostly seen in hot countries. Both the ripe and unripe variety of papaya are edible.
Watermelon is a trendy fruit that is available only in summer. It belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae and usually grows on a vine and crawls on the ground. They are mostly oval with a green colored outer covering. Inside the hard outer covering, there is a juicy red flesh along with the black seed.
Watermelons are very rich in water, almost 92 percent, and rich in other nutrients such as vitamins and antioxidants. It can be eaten as cut fruit or in the form of juice.
Kiwi, also known as Chinese Gooseberry, was initially found in New Zealand. They belong to the family of Actinidiaceae and have a brown colored outer cover that resembles the feather of a kiwi bird. After peeling the outer cover, there is a green-colored flesh along with many black colored seeds. The taste of kiwi fruit is delightful and sometimes acidic.
There are more than 50 varieties of the Kiwi fruit which are growing all around the world. Some of them are seedless kiwi, red skin kiwi, yellow kiwi, etc.
Grapes are also one of the most popular types of fruits which are chiefly used in making wines. They belong to the family of Vitaceae and grow in clusters. Their taste is usually sweet or sour.
Grapes are mostly round or oval. They are mostly available in green, red, and purple colors. It can be consumed as fruits as well as in the form of juice.
Guava is considered a tropical fruit and is mostly found in Mexico and other warm countries. They grow on trees and belong to the Myrtaceae family. Their outer skin is thick and dark green colored. Inside it, there is a white-colored flesh. They also contain numerous seeds inside them that are edible.
Guava can be consumed in the form of fruit as well as juice. It can also be served with cocktails.
Pineapple is a trendy fruit that grows mainly in tropical countries. They mainly grow from unpollinated flowers. The crown’s outer covering is inedible, and the inner flesh can be consumed in the raw form or the form of juice.
List of 25 Best Types of Fruits We Eat (Names and Pics)
Fruits are one of nature’s bountiful gifts to mankind. They are juicy, delicious and filled with nutritional goodness to help us enjoy a healthy and happy life. The interesting part about this food group? There are many types of fruits that come in a variety of shapes, sizes and flavours to tickle our taste buds and improve our physical and psychological well-being.
In this article, we shall delve deep into the subject of the different kinds of fruits, their properties and 25 most popularly consumed fruits across the world. Before you get ready to sink in your teeth into these delicious treats, you must read these interesting facts to appreciate these humble fruits even more!
What is a Fruit and Its Types?
A fruit is a product of the tree that bears seeds and is consumed as a food for its sweet, edible flesh. They can be eaten in a raw form as a whole or cooked into a stew, juiced, diced or even dried and frozen forms. Technically, even avocadoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, squash and other sweet-tasting vegetables can also be treated as fruits.
What are All the Different Types of Fruits?
Fruits are divided into groups depending on the number of ovaries they have developed from. Here are some of the major classifications of fruits to know
Simple fruits are those which are developed from the single ovary or one pistil of a flower. They are further divided into dry and fleshy, where dry fruits can be dehiscent or indehiscent and fleshy ones can be semi pericarp or full.
- Examples of simple fruits include fleshy fruits like apples, cherries, plums or dry ones like hazelnuts, walnuts etc.
These types of fruits are developed from multiple ovaries of a single flower. They are categorized into follicles, achenes, drupelets, berries and also called compound fruits.
- Examples: Custard Apple, Raspberry, Blackberry etc.
These fruits are developed from a cluster of flowers, which merge to become one large fruit.
- Examples: Pineapple, Breadfruit, Figs, Mulberry etc.
Accessory fruits are also called pseudo fruits or false fruits, as the edible flesh is not only developed from the ovary of the flower, but also from a non-ovarian tissue residing adjacent to the carpel.
- Examples: Strawberry, Fig, Apple, Stone Fruit etc.
What are the Various Categories Of Fruits?
In the above section, you have learnt about the types of fruits divided based on their formation, let us now understand the categorization of fruits based on the physical structure and the seeds.
It is a simple, dry indehiscent fruit that is developed from a single ovary and has a thin and closed wall around the single seed.
- Examples: Strawberry, Sunflower Seeds (the actual edible part is technically a fruit), Buckwheat etc.
It is a fleshy fruit that contains many seeds inside and a soft or hard covering on the outside.
- Examples: Kiwi, Watermelon, Cranberries, Passion Fruit, Grapes, Papaya, Bananas and Tomatoes
It is a type of fruit that is seen in cereals and grasses and is a dry, single fruit in which the ovary wall joins the outer seed coating.
- Examples: Corn, Rice, Barley, Rye, Oats and other grassy plants
Also called the stone fruit, this variety of fruit belongs to the indehiscent type. It has a hard pit containing a seed present on the inside and surrounded by a soft, fleshy mass on the outside.
- Examples: Peach, Cherry, Coconut, Mango, Plum, Olive etc.
A legume is a dry, dehiscent fruit that is usually long in size and contains many seeds inside. These seeds are released when the fruit is split vertically along the two seams.
- Examples: Peas, Beans, Tamarind and Peanuts
A nut is technically a dry fruit, that has a hard, wood-like outer covering and is generally inedible. Inside this shell is an edible, single seed.
- Examples: Chestnuts, Hazelnuts, Acorns and Beechnuts
25 Different Types of Fruits and their Names with Pictures:
After that dose of botanical knowledge, we wanted to give you an insight into the characteristic properties of some of the common kinds of fruits with pictures and names:
Among the many fruit categories, apples top the charts in terms of popularity. An Apple is a juicy and edible fruit of the apple tree, scientifically called the Malus Domestica. It has its roots in Central Asia and now spread to many countries that cultivate many varieties of apples. These are grown from flowers and have multiple seeds inside them, which are the only inedible parts of the fruit.
The size of apples varies from 2 to 4 inches in diameter and different colors like yellow, red and green are available in the market. Depending on the acidity level of the fruit, apples have a sweet to sour taste. They are consumed as whole fruits, cut fruits, juices, pies and other desserts.
Banana is a tropical fruit, renowned for its nutritional goodness. It belongs to the Musaceae family and is botanically a berry, due to multiple seeds inside it. The fruit comes with an outer cover, which when peeled reveals a mushy, white flesh. Both the ripe and unripe varieties of fruits are edible, with sweet and starchy-tart tastes respectively.
Bananas are available easily in most countries and also one of the inexpensive fruits in the world. They are used for making chips, milkshakes, cakes and other culinary delights.
Mango, the “King of the fruits” is a drupe fruit that grows in tropical regions. It has yellow-coloured tangy pulp, with a unique flavour and fragrance. Mango belongs to the Anacardiaceae family and is available only in summers. Depending on the variety-the shape, colour, texture of pulp and the taste varies drastically. The unripe mango is very sour and as the fruit ripens, the sugar levels rise to add sweetness. Mangoes are rich in Vitamin C, antioxidants and other key nutrients, making it one of the most nutritional kinds of fruits on the planet.
Orange is a citrus fruit that is loaded with nutrients like Vitamin C. They are round in shape, with a greenish to orange color leathery, outer skin. When this layer is peeled, the fruit reveals small bean-shaped segments that have thin skins, juicy pulp and bitter seeds. It has a sour to sweet and tangy taste, depending on the stage of ripening.
Orange juice is a widely consumed health drink across the globe and even the whole fruit is equally popular. The peel is used as an aromatic agent in desserts and even in cosmetics for its skin-tightening properties.
Papaya is another tropical fruit that is native to Mexico and Central America. The scientific name of Papaya is Carica Papaya and is also called Paw Paw. It is a fairly large-sized fruit with orangish sweet pulp and many tiny, black seeds inside. Papaya fruits are usually cylindrical in shape and the size can go beyond 20 inches. These so called “exotic” type of fruits are now commonly seen in hot countries like India. Along with the mushy, ripe ones, Unripe papayas are also consumed in the form of salads and curries.
Watermelon is a popular summer fruit that can now enjoyed throughout the year, thanks to hybridization. It belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae and grows on a vine that usually crawls on the ground. The large-sized fruit is usually oval in shape with a hard, greenish outer cover, called rind and a red, juicy flesh with tiny, black seeds inside. Watermelon is composed of 92 percent water and significant amounts of Vitamins and antioxidants. It can be had as a cut fruit or in the form of refreshing juice.
Kiwi, also called the Chinese Gooseberry is originally from the Newzealand. It belongs to the family of Actinidiaceae and has a fuzzy, brown outer cover that resembles the brown feathers of a Kiwi bird. The inside consists of translucent green flesh that contains many black seeds. This pulp is sweet and mildly acidic, depending on the ripening stage.
Another surprising fact about Kiwi is that there are approximately 50 varieties of this fruit growing across the world, which come in different colors, characteristics and flavours. The popular among them are seedless kiwi, smooth kiwi, brown, red skin kiwi, golden yellow kiwi etc.
Grapes are one of the most widely grown types of fruits in the world, chiefly for the making of different wines. They belong to the Vitaceae and are known to be one of the oldest cultivated plants in the history of mankind. The fruits grow as clusters on vines and are usually sweet, sour or tangy. They can either be round or oval in shape and come as both seeded and seedless varieties. The commonly available colors of grapes are green, red and purple, which are consumed as whole fruits, in the form of juices or as fermented versions (wines).
Guava is a tropical variety of fruit that is native to Mexico, Central America and other warm countries. The common guava grows on a small tree that belongs to the Myrtaceae family and has either pink or white-coloured flesh. The outer skin is bitter tasting and thick, dark green for raw fruits and as the fruit ripens, the bitterness subsides. Inside, there is a sweet or sour-tasting pulp that contains tiny, edible seeds. Guava is consumed in the form of juice, cut fruit, whole fruit and also to blend it along with spirits in cocktails.
Pineapple is another popular type of fruit grown is many tropical countries and is originally from South America. Each pineapple is grown from many unpollinated flowers of the plant, making it a multiple fruit. Although the plant is perennial, it produces only fruit per season and after it is cut, the side shoots around the base are cultivated for future produce. The sharp, spiky outer skin and the “Crown” are inedible. Once chopped, the inner flesh can be consumed in the form of juice or cut fruit.
Strawberry is a luscious, red fruit grown on plants belonging to the Rose or Rosaceae family. Technically, strawberry is not a berry, as the seeds are grown on the outside and don’t come from a single ovary. An average-sized strawberry has about 200 seeds on its outer surface and are quite edible. The peak cultivating season is spring, during which strawberries are handpicked and stored in boxes. They are highly perishable kinds of fruits and require delicate handling. The taste of the fruit depends on the weather conditions and the stage of ripening.
Plums are drupe or stone fruits that belong to the Prunus genus. There are almost 40 kinds of fruits in this variety, but the popular ones are – the red and the deep purple plums, which have sweet and juicy flesh inside. They grow on small trees or shrubs and some of them require another plum tree to be planted next to them to produce fruits. Except for Antarctica, almost every country cultivates a local variety of plums and ideally grow in temperate zones.
A pear is another sweet-tasting fruit that comes from the family of Rosaceae. It is also one of the oldest cultivated types of fruits in the world and is considered to be the “gift from the Gods” by the ancient Greeks. Pear trees are medium-sized and typically grow in mild temperate countries like Europe, Asia and North Africa. The inner flesh of these fruits contain edible seeds called the stone cells and the outer skin is slightly coarse in texture. There are about 3000 varieties of pears, which come in different sizes, shapes, colors and tastes.
List of Fruits: Useful Fruit Names in English with Pictures
Fruits in English! List of different types of fruits with images and examples. Learn these fruit names to increase your vocabulary words about fruits and vegetables. This list of fruits illustrated with interesting pictures also help you learn and remember the new words better.
Whether you are in the supermarket trying to find your favourite fruit or whether you want to talk about what fruits you like or dislike, you will need to know the names of fruits in the English language. There are many different fruit names to learn but this doesn’t mean that it is an impossible task, by learning a few at a time you will soon be able to name any fruit in English!
Fruits are a type of healthy food that grow on trees or on other types of plants and usually contain seeds. Fruits taste sweet because they have natural sugars in them and they are soft, dry or fleshy to make them easy to eat. You can eat the skin of some fruits, like apples and pears, but people usually do not eat the skins of other fruits, like bananas, kiwis and citrus fruits. When fruits are ready to be picked and eaten, they are described as being ‘ripe’. There are a few different groups that fruits are organised into: citrus, stone, exotic, melons, and berries, among others.
List of Fruits
- Carambola(U.K) – starfruit (U.S)
List of Fruits | Names of Fruits
Fruit Names with Pictures and Examples
Learn list of fruits illustrated with images and example sentences in English.
An apple a day keeps the doctor away.
The woman cut up the watermelon and shared it out among the four children.
He cut the orange into quarters.
The pear is a delicious fruit and I like it very much.
Each cake had a cherry on top.
The strawberry harvest failed because of the drought.
Cut that nectarine into four pieces and then take out the pit.
He put a grape into his mouth and swallowed it whole.
That mango tasted divine!
When we got home, my mother decided to make a blueberry pie.
The pomegranate trees in the yard have borne fruit.
Carambola(U.K) – starfruit (U.S)
We decorated dishes with slices of carambola/ starfruit and kiwi.
The plum season is about to begin.
She peeled off the skin of a banana for the child.
For dessert, I dig into the raspberry bread pudding.
Mandarin oranges have a lot of vitamin C.
Many people like the taste of jackfruit, but it smells terrible.
Papaya and pineapple contain enzymes which break down soft protein.
I love to drink kiwi fruit juice.
The pineapple was sweet and juicy.
Oranges, lemons, limes and grapefruit are types of citrus fruit.