A blog that serves to create awareness about the significance of Food For Army . It not only provides information on food provisions and their importance but also inspires soldiers to strive for a better future through healthy eating.
Food For Army
No battle was ever won on an empty stomach. According to historians, one Roman legion had to consume 120 sheep a day for their meat ration, crusaders would recharge on dry meat and grain, while Napoleon’s soldiers spent most of their time desperately hungry.
But fast forward to the modern day and we see a whole different story. Neatly packaged and super-compact, military food rations are an easy way to provide that much-needed nutrition. But it turns out, every country has its own take on front-line dining. Thanks to one Youtuber named David Hong, who tried a variety of MREs from different countries, we now know what exactly army troops’ taste buds can expect when they open one. And surprisingly, some look better than my dinner ever has.
Apple sauce; Pea stew; Meatball; Bacon in fat; Crackers; Rice with peas and meat; Cheese spread; Carrot and potato substance.
Muesli oats with milk; Sports drink, coffee and tea; Candy; Cranberry cereal bar; Fruit cake; Vegetarian pasta; Oatmeal cookie and hazelnut spread; Tomato pasta salad; Salted nuts
Breakfast: Biscuits; Chocolate; Jelly; Spoon; Coffee; Sugar; Salt. Lunch: Tortellini; Beef; Fruit salad; Biscuits; Coffee. Supper: Crackers; An entry bar; Tuna; Soup
Terrine forestiere; Crackers; Chocolate, nougat and candy; Muesli, oats and fruits; Instant tomato soup; Braised ham; Crozets et diots
Hazelnut pudding; Rindfleischlyoner grob; Pea stew with mettwurstchen; Hackfleischrollchen with rice; Muesli, oats milk and fruits; Roggenschrotbrot; Cranberry cereal bar; Roggenschrotbrot; Dark chocolate; Crackers
Hot chocolate; Orange drink; Coffee; Coffee creamer; Banana flavoured oatmeal cereal; Bread; Sliced apples; Baked beans; Ketchup; Peanut butter; Strawberry jam
Biscuits with pepper; Salt crackers; Chocolate; Pineapple; Papaya; Turkey pate; Liver spread; Sardines Beans; Coffee taffy’s; Orange drink; Tea; Beef soup.
|A Food Revolution in Chinese Army|
|By Li Huizi, Cheng Yunjie (China Features)Captain Jia Jingwei keeps a much closer eye on his regiment’s food costs since pork prices across China began soaring from 10 yuan (1.3 U.S. dollars) per kg in May to almost double.”We don’t have money to squander,” says Jia, director of the supply section of an anti-aircraft regiment of the Beijing Garrison Command of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).His 1,000 soldiers consume 125 kg of pork a day, which used to cost of 1,250 yuan (164 U.S. dollars). Since the price hike, the daily cost of pork has risen by more than 1,100 yuan (144.7 U.S. dollars), equal to the daily subsidy for 100 personnel.Even the prices offered by a slaughtering and processing plant that has a long-term meat supply contract with Jia’s regiment went up.”Without careful planning, it is difficult to get good food for only 11 yuan a man,” says Feng Liang, director of the military supply division of the PLA’s General Logistics Department, adding that an increase in food subsidies this year can ease the impact caused by the pork price hikes.Feng says China’s defense budget is relatively small both in terms of sums and per capita amounts.”To ensure good meals we have to practice economy.”A Food Revolution“Red rice, pumpkin soup, Dig wild vegetables as our food,”Commissioner Mao is with us, Every meal will be tasty.”This couplet from the song “Commissioner Mao Is with Us” originated in the Jinggangshan Revolutionary Base in east China’s Jiangxi Province where Mao Zedong, then an alternate member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, successfully led the Autumn Harvest Uprising in the Hunan-Jiangxi Border Region in 1927.As one of the most popular “revolutionary songs” still sung today, it reflects the hardships the CPC-led Red Army in fighting the Kuomintang.Red rice and pumpkin soup are local specialties in the Jinggang Mountains and a part of the visitor experience today.The red rice, a coarse staple, was eaten without much seasoning in 1927, and the pumpkin soup was commonly described as “not revolutionary enough” as hunger usually returned very soon after its consumption.Without a regular supply chain, the Red Army, later renamed the People’s Liberation Army, drove back the invading Japanese army and defeated the Kuomintang with its simple “xiaomi jia buqiang” or “millet and rifle” approach.Today’s PLA has updated the refrain with “nutritious food and long-range missiles”. Since 1978, China has increased military food subsidies 24 times.The latest increase was backdated to January 1 when each soldier’s daily food subsidy was increased by 10 percent to 11 yuan (1.45 U.S. dollars). PLA pilots enjoy a daily per capita subsidy of 39 yuan (5.1 U.S. dollars) as they need more subsidies “to keep up their physical strength”, says Feng. “They always get more care.””The rise will help offset the impact of price hikes and improve food for soldiers, as military training demands a lot of energy,” says Liao Xilong, director of the General Logistics Department of the PLA.The government and Central Military Commission want the armed forces to share in the country’s booming economy and improved living standards, Liao says.According to the Central Military Commission, the defense budget for 2007 hits 351 billion yuan (45 billion U.S. dollars), 17.8 percent higher than last year. It will be used to raise salaries and pensions, produce new uniforms, and fund training for the country’s 2.3 million servicemen and women.Added Nutritional ValueLi Zhen, head chef of the anti-aircraft regiment of the Beijing Garrison Command, consults a “dietitian” before making meals for his regiment.In fact, the “dietitian” is a computer-based “military recipe system”. Li types in factors such as budget, training intensity and season and the system will produce a choice of menus with a proper nutritional balance and detailed analysis.One menu on the screen reads cakes, cornbread, eggs and milk for breakfast, and rice, steamed buns, rolls, dumplings and meat rolls for lunch and dinner.Supplementary dishes include shredded pork with garlic sauce, sauteed chicken cubes with chili and peanuts, twice-cooked pork slices, carp with pepper sauce, stewed chicken with potatoes, quick-fried julienne potatoes with vinegar, spicy bean curd or bean curd cooked in hot meat sauce, and lettuce with oyster sauce.It also offers a choice of soups.Li says they arrange soybean milk twice a week as a milk alternative and fried twisted dough sticks every Tuesday.”We prepare more than 50 kg of flour for each meal, and on Tuesday ten chefs using five big pans fry twisted dough sticks, which can take about an hour and a half,” says Li, who learned the skills for mass catering after joining the military supply section of his regiment in 2002.The PLA General Logistics Department requires each soldier to have an egg and 250ml of milk at breakfast, and two kinds of fruit at lunch and dinner.Each week, soldiers are required to have three or four kinds of fish and five or six types of animal protein.”In the past, we prepared meals with whatever food we could get, without thinking about the nutritional value,” says Li, from central China’s Henan Province. He has received an “intermediate” catering certificate from the Ministry of Labor and Social Security.Chef Zhang Yong, in charge of staple foods, says they conducted a survey of the regiment on preferences.”More soldiers choose rice because there are more southerners, though we are all in Beijing, in northern China,” says Zhang from the northern province of Shanxi. Usually people from southern China prefer rice and northern Chinese prefer flour-based staples such as steamed buns, noodles and rolls.According to a PLA food supply standard, which defines the amount of protein, minerals and vitamins in line with international practice, the daily amount of meat or fish should be 280g per person and the percentage of animal protein should be 17 to 26 percent.Jia, the regiment military supply director, says the daily per capita consumption of staples has dropped from 750g to 600g since January.”The drop in staple food consumption indicates an increase in provision of nutritious non-staple foods,” says Jia, adding that personnel no longer depend on staples to allay their hunger.”When I joined the army at 18, I could eat about a dozen steamed buns because there was no other food,” says a senior colonel who has been in service for more than two decades.The PLA has trained its first ever group of 101 military dietitians this year to help scientifically adjust menus in accordance with training intensity, says Jia, adding that previously dietitians only appeared in air force canteens and military hospitals.Soldiers get extra festival subsidies of 10 yuan (1.3 U.S. dollars) per day per person on occasions such as the first day of the May Day, National Day, New Year’s Day and Army Day and the first three days of the traditional Spring Festival.Jia said they could have more for meals and snacks, as well as drinks on festivals. “But alcohol is not allowed,” he said, adding that the liquor ban started at the beginning of 1990s.The rise of the PLA budget this year also helped fund a large-scale renovation of military canteens.Most military canteens were transformed into McDonalds-like dining rooms, containing standard cupboards, plate racks, dishware, tables and chairs, says Jia.Sixteen types of processing machines were installed for meat, bean curd, vegetables, dumplings and steamed buns, and large computer screens show the cost and calorie-count of each meal.Peng Guangli, supply chief with an artillery company, says the processing machines boost efficiency and liberate chefs from heavy manual work.”Outside the PLA, it’s almost impossible to have so many kinds of food on a daily subsidy of 11 yuan per person,” Peng said, but the nutritional and dietary goals are “set rules” that must be met.Hot Meals and Fat DiscountsChef Zhang Yong, a non-commissioned officer, rises at 5:00 am. Half an hour later, Zhang, in a truck with three “duty buyers”, goes to a wholesale food market three kilometers away.After intense bargaining with sellers, they return with a ton of vegetables, including 200kg of tomatoes at around 8:30 am.”Vendors like selling to us and giving us a fat discount because we buy in bulk,” says Zhang.They have a long-term meat supply contract with a slaughtering and processing plant so as to reduce costs and guarantee a supply of quality pork.Cheaper animal proteins such as chicken, duck and aquatic products are an alternative to expensive pork to balance nutrition, Zhang says.Previously in Zhang’s regiment, all subordinate companies prepared meals independently. “Smoke from 17 chimneys choked passers-by when they were all cooking.”Since the end of last year, the regiment set up a supply service center that integrates resources and prepares meals for all companies.”We prepare food for the entire regiment, which reduces energy consumption and pollution,” says Jia, adding that in the first half year they saved about 60,000 yuan (8,000 U.S. dollars), up 40 percent from the same period last year. Jia would not say how much they spent in the first half year.A “finance supervision committee” comprising soldiers from different companies, performs key roles in purchasing food, auditing, stocktaking and supervising food preparation.Zhang says the committee is also in charge of discussing menus, noting soldiers’ favorites and restocking.Most staff in the supply service center are non-commissioned officers with special cooking skills.With twice-yearly training sessions from star chefs at the PLA Beijing Command Chef Training Center, Zhang and comrades can prepare meals satisfying both stomachs and taste buds for 150 people in an hour.Feng says chefs are especially trained to quickly prepare good, hot meals for personnel conducting field operations and military drills.”Chinese people are accustomed to hot meals. An exhausted field army longs for a good, hot meal. Cold sandwiches and bread are neither popular nor durable,” says Feng.The PLA has 74 chef training and rating centers, with more than 10,000 professional chefs graduating annually.Even in distant areas and remote garrisons where military supplies take days or even weeks to arrive, soldiers can enjoy specially preserved shrimp, rice pudding, vegetables and moon cakes, says Feng.(Xu Jinzhang also contributed to the story)-End-|
Food and Foraging
Every soldier knows food is important to an army. Rations, the amount of food authorized for one soldier per day, keep an army moving. The quality of food, as well as the quantity, affects morale.
During the Civil War, the Union Army had two types of rations: “marching rations” and “camp rations.” Marching rations consisted of sixteen ounces of hard bread, also known as “hardtack”; twelve ounces of salt pork or twenty ounces of fresh meat; and sugar, coffee, and salt. Two or three crackers of hardtack, about three inches square each, fulfilled the daily ration for hard bread. Camp rations could substitute soft bread, flour, or cornmeal for hardtack, and included extras such as dried beans or peas, rice, vinegar, and molasses, along with an allotment of soap and candles. The ration was designed to fill a soldier’s stomach, not to provide energy to march or fight.
At the beginning of the war, soldiers had to cook their rations themselves. This took time, and the quality of meals depended on the cooking skills of the individual. Enlisted men would often cook with their friends, sharing the work and the food. Eventual reforms included the designation of company cooks resulting in better food and higher morale. Officers like Cheney did not draw rations when in camp; they received an allowance to purchase supplies from the Brigade Commissary and could hire a civilian to cook their meals.
“It is reported that we have scearsely [scarcely] made out to get food enough to sustain life. Now I dont [sic] know who the grumbler is, but I do know that we have been compelled to take half rations from the commissary, and have for a day or two had but one cracker a day, but we never were out of meat, and have almost always had Corn Meal and good bake Kettles to cook it in.”
Letter from John Cheney to his wife, Mary, January 11, 1863,
Davis Mill, Mississippi.
To add some variety, soldiers requested favorite foods from home. They also received gifts of food from aid societies and could purchase food from sutlers in camp, although the prices were often higher than they were used to at home.
When on the march, the army’s supply lines stretched out and were vulnerable to attack. Soldiers could be sent to forage for food and other supplies from Confederate citizens. Cheney sent his men to forage, sometimes looking the other way whenever it was not authorized by higher headquarters.
In a letter to Mary on January 11, 1863, Cheney reassured her that he was well fed. Apparently, she had read that the men in Tennessee had scarcely enough food. After describing his diet, Cheney stated, “While there is corn in Egypt, or food in the Southern Confederacy, no man in Cheney’s Battery shall go hungry, orders or no orders.”