Food For Goats

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Here you will find information about the food for goats and nutritional needs of goats, and how to feed your goat properly. Whether you are a new or established owner, we think you will find the information on this blog helpful. It may be daunting at times to learn all there is to know about feeding our beloved goats, but feeding them properly is essential for their well-being.

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Food For Goats

Goats, just like other ruminants such as cattle, deer, sheep and antelope chew their cud. When cud-chewing animals eat their food, some of the food is stored in a special pouch within its stomach.

Goats don’t really get their nutrition directly from eating their food.

Rather, the nutrient comes from the fermentation of the food in their stomach. 

The stomach of goats and other ruminants is designed to ferment and break down their food.

After the fermentation, their body then digests the nutrition from the food.

Another thing you should know is that goats are not grazers that will eat everything and mow your lawn. 

You can refer to goat’s style of eating as “browsing”

What this means is that goats are picky eaters and prefer to brown and eat from a variety of food. 

They will always go for the most nutritious plants in your garden, and so they will stubbornly refuse to graze a lawn.

Most likely, they will eat all the weeds, bushes, leaves, & finally barks of the trees before they’ll tackle your grass.

Besides, if you consider humans, we can eat everything but does it digest? 

Again, we may die if we continue eating everything that can go through our mouths. The same thing is applicable to goats. They can die eating something poisonous or not digestible.

That is why goats are browsers, always selecting what food to eat.

As a farmer, it is not a wise thing to feed your goats everything that is eatable. 

You should focus on feeding them good food that will ensure healthy growth and weight.

This brings us to…

What is the list best of foods for goats?

1. Alfalfa hay

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Alfalfa hay is one of the best and favorite food of goats.

It is the best for does in the last trimester of pregnancy as it helps in milk production for kids. 

Bucks (male goats) or wethers may not need that much calcium, so you have to feed them alfalfa in moderation.

Alfalfa is a great source of calcium and protein that results in fast growth for young kids (baby goats) and makes them gain reasonable weight.

However, somewhere between six months and a year old it’s a good idea to transition them over to grass hay rather than alfalfa.

Goats need a healthy balance of calcium and zinc since they bind together. 

So, if you feed your goats with too must calcium-producing alfalfa hay, they may wind up with zinc deficiency. 

2. Pasture and forage crops

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Pasture and forage crops contain sufficient nutrients and are a delicacy for goats. 

This type of goat food helps in the digestive process of the goat and goats enjoy eating them.

A wide variety of plants can be used as pasture and forage crops in the tropics. 

Of these, a few are particularly important due to their wide adaptability, ease of growth, high yield potential, and high nutritional value.

Most of these are either grasses or legumes.

Some examples of pasture for goats are Sudan grass, Bahia grass, Sorghum, and Millet.

Also, a mixture of grain grass and clover is a great source of nourishment for the goats. 

3. Grass hay

Weed and grass hays are really good food for goats. 

Not only that they are cheap but they also contain a large amount of protein and nutrition for goats. 

You should include quality grass hay for at least part of their diets. It’s really the only hay that bucks, wethers, and does that are drying off should have.

You may want to ask, is it okay to feed goats hay cubes?

Well, you should know that hay cubes are made for cows and horses, so they are generally too large for goats to eat. 

However, you can break the cubes apart into smaller pieces so your goats can eat them. 

But that’s a lot of work to do on a regular basis especially when you have to feed a large flock of goats.

So, just focus on feeding the goats with grass hay.

4. Chaffhaye

Hay is the foundation of your goat’s diet if they aren’t able to forage. However, it’s also not filled with the essential vitamins and minerals they require to thrive.

This is where Chaffhaye comes into play.

Chaffhaye is premature alfalfa or grass that has been cut early. 

After cutting, cut it up further into smaller chunks and spray with molasses. 

Add a culture of Bacillus subtillis to the grass and vacuum seal it into a bag.

The Chaffhaye will ferment while in the bag.

This adds good bacteria to the hay which makes it easier for the goats to digest. 

The fermentation process also adds more nutrients, minerals, and energy to their food.

As you probably already know, the biggest danger in keeping goats is their digestive systems. 

If they get messed up, they can die very easily.

Anything that adds good bacteria to their gut is a huge bonus.

5. Food supplements for goats

Goats need calcium, Phosphorus, salt, and other essential minerals for healthy growth.

They also need some vitamins which help them with bloating problems. 

Vitamins E, A, and D are very necessary for both baby and adult goats.  

Even though they can find some amount of these vitamins and minerals in their food, you can still add some food supplements every now and then.

However, these supplements don’t replace their food.

Some food supplements for goats include;

i. Loose minerals

Just like human needs to take multi-vitamins to make sure their bodies get all of the required nutrients, goats need loose minerals for the same purpose.

You can buy them loose and mix with their feed or get them a mineral block that they lick.

Either way, they will be happy to eat them, and you are doing your part to raise healthy goats.

ii. Baking Soda

Goats have a very sensitive stomach and baking soda can help keep that in check. 

Feed your goats baking soda freely with their loose minerals will aid their digestion and stop stomach bloat.

iii. Beet Pulp

Beet pulp is high in fiber, protein, and energy. 

So if your goat gets bored with the average goat feed then switch it up a little bit. 

They’ll be happier for it.

iv. Black Oil Sunflower Seeds

This is very rich in vitamin E which helps the goat enrich its milk and healthy development of muscles and reproduction in your goats.

In addition, black oil sunflower seeds contain selenium, iron, and zinc which is helpful for internal and external goat health.

Feeding goats black oil sunflower seeds is a way to supplement to enrich the fat content in your goat’s milk while ensuring their coats remain shiny and healthy. 

It’s one of the best supplements to use.

v. Kelp Meal

Kelp meal is a great source of iodine. Another great benefit of your goats eating Kelp Meal is that it will increase their milk production too.

This would be an extremely helpful supplement for those that raise dairy goats. You can buy a kelp meal if you are interested.

vi. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar has a lot of health benefits for goats.

It is full of enzymes and minerals that help support a healthy immune system.

You just need to add a little to their drinking water every day. 

WHAT TO FEED GOATS

Among all the ruminants, goats are only the animals which can eat and consume almost all types of food. So, if you are planning to start a goat farming business, then you don’t have to think much about what to feed goat. Because you can raise goats by providing them all types of natural, home or commercially formulated goat feed. Nowadays goat farming is becoming very popular because of it’s multifunctional utility. We can get many goat products like meat, milk, skins, fiber, manner etc. from them. But the profitable production from goat farming business mostly depends on proper feed supply and management systems. Proper feed management includes providing nutritious food, vitamins, minerals, energy, protein etc. So, before starting goat farming business it is a must to learn about how to and what to feed goat. Read flowing step by step goat feed management system.

PASTURE

It is very necessary to make a pasture for your goats, where they can browse freely and eat food from there. By browsing pasture, your goats will remain healthy and will get sufficient and necessary food elements like energy and protein. Natural food from pasture also helps the goats increasing the tastiness and digestibility of other foods. A pasture with natural plants and grasses like millet, Sudan grasses, Bahia grasses, grain grass mixture, clover, sorghum etc. are very healthy and effective for goats production and health. In pasture if the goats can browse freely then it will help them to keep free from various internal and external parasitical diseases.

HAY

Hay is another important source of goat nutrition, especially in winter seasons. Feed your goats mold free qualified grasses based hay. You can also feed your goats weedy hay because it is very cheap and contain a large amount of necessary nutrition. There are various types of hays are available. Among those lespedeza, alfalfa and clover hays are highly enriched in protein and some other essential nutrients.

VITAMINS AND MINERALS

Presence of vitamins and minerals in goat feed is a must. Because, vitamins and minerals keeps the goat productive and help them preventing various types of diseases. They need a lot of vitamins and minerals ingredients in their food. Some feed elements like phosphorus, salt and calcium are very useful minerals for goats. You can provide a premix of loose minerals, because goats prefer that very much. For proper growth and production, they also need some vitamins like Vitamin A, D, and E. So, while feeding your goats, be sure that all those elements are available in their regular and daily food.

If sufficient natural goat feed is not available in your location then you can feed your goat 12% to 16% grainy formulated food to your goats. You should provide creep and complementary feeding to the kids. Grain is a great source of carbons and protein. Rye, oats, moil, corn, barley etc. are cereal grains and highly enriched with carbon, and energy. Cottons meal, soybean meal, fish meal and some other protein supplements formulated from animals and plants are suitable source of protein for goats.

GARDEN AND KITCHEN SCRAPS

By raising goats you can proper utilize your garden and kitchen scraps. Generally garden and kitchen scraps are used in compositors purpose. But by raising goats you can use those scraps as their feed. Goats will happily eat all those scraps. Some general garden and kitchen scraps like banana peels, orange peels, tomato, garlic skins other vegetables and fruit cutting etc. are very suitable food that you can feed your goats. Goats don’t eat some elements like eggs shells, fish cutting etc. Instead you can feed such products to your chickens and ducks.

As goats are ruminants, they eat almost all types of food which they find in front to them. Even they have interest in papers and can eat or consume papers. But feeding any types of paper may harm their health, because paper contain some chemicals. While browsing goats may find cigarette or cigarette butts, which is also very harmful their health. Some producers feed their goats dogs or cats feed. As dogs or cats are totally different form goats and their nature. So, feeding your goats such food may causes serious health problems. Besides those foods, there are some other foods also which are very harmful for goats health like nightshade, crotalaria, poke weed, peach leaves, plum leaves etc.

11 TIPS FOR FEEDING YOUR GOATS:

  • Before feeding, determine the health condition of your goats.
  • Store the feeds in safe place for keeping the food value intact.
  • While storing, never let the feeds being vermin, damp or contaminated.
  • Always try to feed your goats in hygienic ways.
  • In case of feeding hay, always try to feed high and good quality hay.
  • Be sure that, the half of your goat diet is coming from forage.
  • Ensure adequate vitamins, green feed ingredients and minerals in goat feed. Because it is the key to be successful in goat farming.
  • Never change the food habit of goat suddenly. If needed try to change gradually.
  • Ensure colostrum for newly born kids.
  • Keep the formulated food far from the goats.
  • Always provide your goats sufficient clean and fresh water according to their demands.

Breaking Down the Goat Diet

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Feeding a herd of goats can be tricky. Goats have a complex digestive system that requires different types and amounts of food to run smoothly. When you enter the goat world, it seems that everyone has an opinion on what is the “best” way to feed. As a result, it can be confusing to know what is right for your animals. In this post, I break down the different options for meeting a goat’s nutritional needs so that you can decide for yourself what is the best method for your herd. I also share a bit about what has worked for us and what we’d like to improve on when it comes to goat nutrition.

Feed Components for Our Herd 

These ratios change when winter arrives and pasture is not available.

  • Grass Hay: 50%
  • Pasture: 25%
  • Grain: 20%
  • Treats: 5% or less

Hay

When keeping domestic goats, hay is essential for two reasons: It provides both nutrition and dry roughage to balance the moisture and fiber content in the rumen.

Hay vs. Straw

I often hear the terms “hay” and “straw” used interchangeably, and I cringe. Thankfully, it’s usually from people who don’t keep animals. But just in case, or if you’re new to raising goats, it’s important to know the difference as well as why you should include them in your goat’s diet.

  • Hay is grass that has been cut and dried, then baled or collected to use as animal feed. Much of the nutrition in the grass is preserved in the hay, and it makes great feed for goats. Think of it as dehydrated pasture. It’s usually grayish green and dull in color.
  • Straw is the collection of stalks left over after grain kernels have been harvested for food. Straw is a by-product of the grain harvest (like wheat, for example). It has little to no nutritional value and is used for bedding.

Straw makes for great bedding because it is nice and fluffy as well as insulating because each straw is hollow, trapping warm air pockets in the tubes. Straw is also slightly slippery in texture, so manure and wetness fall through the straw and away from the animals. It also doesn’t rot or mold as quickly as hay. Straw is golden and shiny. You do not want to feed it to your animals. They may nibble a piece now and then, but it should not be a source of nutrition.

Brown Hay

Some browning of the hay is normal, but excess or very brown hay is low in nutrition and you may be wasting your money. Brown hay means that the elements were not ideal while the farmer was baling. Either it was sun-bleached, or it was rained on during the drying process. Rain will actually “wash” away nutrition and color from the grass blades.

Brown hay can also be the result of old hay that has been stored too long or in improper conditions.

Never feed moldy hay to goats! It can cause digestive and respiratory problems, among other things.

Grass Hay vs. Alfalfa

Grass hay may contain a blend of different grasses. You may hear of types such as timothy hay, orchard grass, canary grass, fescue, etc. Each of these grasses may be found in your hay bale. They hold different nutritional values as far as protein, fiber and minerals are concerned. Ask your hay supplier what is in the bales you are buying.

We hay our own field with a mix of grasses including orchard grass, timothy hay, some swamp grass and goldenrod, plus an under-layer of red clover. Each year we work to improve our field. This year, we plan to plow up sections and plant a hay mix seed so that we will have a better understanding of our hay’s nutritional content.

Our goats always have access to grass hay.

Alfalfa is a very rich fodder made of the dehydrated legume alfalfa. Its protein content is about double that of grass hay.

Most grass hay protein falls around 7–8%

Alfalfa protein is around 16%, which is similar to that of most manufactured grain blends.

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In this way, some goat owners can eliminate the need for grain with alfalfa and good pasture. Alfalfa should not be fed on a free-choice basis, but portioned into flakes depending on the goat’s size and nutritional needs.

Pasture

Goats can thrive in a variety of living situations, but they do best when they are exposed to adequate pasture.

In the wild, goats are grazers, which means that the herd moves throughout the day nibbling on tree branches, weeds, brambles, etc.

For most of us, pasture means grass.

Goats do well on grass, but remember to introduce lush pasture slowly to allow their system to regulate the fresh wet green. Provide plenty of hay to help balance out the system.

In the spring, we allow our goats out for an hour at a time until they have adjusted to the new food after the lack thereof during the winter. Wet, lush pasture can be particularly hard on the system and may cause scours. Pasture rotation helps keep the plant cycle healthy and reduce worm problems.

Grain

In reality, goats were never meant to eat much grain. Goats are natural grazers; their systems are meant to digest shrubs, weeds, small tree branches, bark, leaves and some grasses. In nature, goats would have a hard time finding a mix of oats, corn, soybeans and sweet molasses.

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But, in the same respect, dogs were never really meant to eat kibble. Dogs in the wild hunt deer and rabbits for food. They consume raw meat and chew bones for healthy marrow. But when you domesticate an animal, things change. It would be difficult to hunt for my dog every day and bring home freshly killed meat for his dinner. So, we improvise. Grain is a version of that adaptation.

Feeding grain ensures that a goat is getting enough nutrition. Most formulas provide around 16% protein. Feed amounts should be labeled on the bag according to the animal’s weight. Or you can discuss portions with your vet.

Does in milk, pregnant does, and fiber goats require more grain than bucks and wethers, though some bucks need additional nutrition because of the toll that hormone production takes on their bodies.

An increase in the amount of grain fed should be done gradually so as to prevent overwhelming the bacteria in the rumen.

Sweet Feed vs. Not

Sweet feed is a mix of whole grains or pelleted food tossed with molasses. The molasses makes the grain very palatable to goats; in fact, they can become obsessed with it! The molasses adds iron and sugars, and in some feed mill blends helps supplements, such as minerals or medications, to stick to the feed. 

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Our goats will turn their noses up at feed that isn’t coated in molasses. They also prefer a mix of whole oats and pellets rather than just pellet feed. Because goats love sweet feed, it can be used as a training tool. It helps them stay still on the stanchion during milking, shearing, hoof trimming and health checkups. It also encourages them to come when they are called. If the goats get into the garden, grab a bucket of sweet feed and shake it. They’ll be on your tail faster than you can say “tomato!”

Grain can also be useful for administering supplements. We sometimes add pelleted wormers to the goats’ grain ratio, or sprinkle probiotics to help with their immune systems.

Our fiber goats get the addition of 5% black oil sunflower seeds to provide healthy fats for lanolin production. Lanolin is a waxy oil that helps protect the wool.

Sweet Feed and Urinary Calculi

Sweet Feed and grain can sometimes cause urinary calculi in goats, particularly wethers. Urinary calculi is when calculi or stones, usually comprised of phosphate salts, lodge in the urinary tract and prevent normal urination. The primary cause of urinary calculi is feeding a concentrated diets that is excessive in phosphorus and magnesium. (University of Kentucky)  

Ways to Prevent Urinary Calculi

  • Wait until male goats are older to wether. This allows the urinary tract to develop completely
  • Make sure the goat’s diet is made up mostly of hay and roughage, and only supplemented with grain
  • Check to see if ammonium chloride is one of the ingredients in their feed. If it’s not, ask your vet whether a supplement would be a good choice
  • Provide plenty of fresh clean water at all times to help flush out the goat’s system. Also provide salt on a free-choice basis. Consumption of salt encourages consumption of water

Treats

Treats make up a variety of foods that your goats don’t consume on a daily basis. Treats are given to our herd because we simply love our goats and love to spoil them. They are particularly fond of the new apple-flavored Manna Pro® Goat Treats.

Sometimes we use kitchen scraps or things we pick from the garden as goat treats. Some of our goats’ favorites are pumpkin and raspberry plants.

Some fruits and vegetables are not a good choice for goats. Consult your veterinarian for a list of safe treat choices.

Treats should be given in small amounts. Any time you introduce a new food, do so gradually so that it doesn’t upset their tummies.

Once your goat’s diet is balanced, feeding is quite easy and becomes routine. With a basic outline about goat nutrition, you will soon learn what works for your goats and what doesn’t.

Essential Things You Need To Know About Feeding Goats

What to Feed Your Goats

You have probably heard that goats will eat anything.

I’ll be honest; that’s not true in my case.

It doesn’t mean that some people don’t have goats that will eat practically anything. They might be, but mine just won’t.

My pygmy was raised as a forager, so she is a healthier eater. She prefers hay and anything green. Whereas, the person I bought my other goats from raised them on grains, so that is their preference.

I’m going to give you the best feeds I’ve found for goats and feel free to tweak it until you find what works best for your variety.

1. Hay

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Goats need hay. Especially if they are not foragers.

If you have a pasture, then you’ll only need to give them hay during the times of the year when they can’t graze.

If you don’t raise alfalfa, but you want your goats to get that extra protein, then feed them alfalfa hay twice per day while they forage too.

My goats are not in a foraging situation, yet. They actually have their own lot while I’m working on fencing. A lot of my property is wooded, so I’m actually going to fence in an area for them to help clean up the brush in some of my wooded spots.

In the meantime, I feed them hay free-flowing. I personally only feed them grass hay because it is the most affordable, and they don’t appear to be lacking in any kind of vitamins (as visitors often comment on their beautiful coats.)

Regardless of your goat keeping situation, hay is a must and is the main part of a goat’s diet.

2. Chaffhaye

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I think I need to look into using this for my goats too.

Chaffhaye is alfalfa or grass that has been cut early. They then cut it up into smaller chunks and spray it with molasses. Then they add a culture of Bacillus Subtillis and vacuum seal it into a 50-pound bag.

The Chaffhaye will ferment while in the bag. It adds good bacteria to the hay which makes it easier for the goats to digest. The fermentation process also adds more nutrients, minerals, and energy to their food.

As you probably already know, the biggest danger in keeping goats is their digestive systems. If they get messed up, they can die very easily.

Anything that adds good bacteria to their gut is a huge bonus.

3. Grains

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There are 4 different types of grains: whole, pelleted, rolled, and texturized.

Whole grains are the regular unprocessed grains. This is what I feed my goats along with hay. I usually feed them whole corn, but not a whole lot because too many grains are not good for them. I usually give about a cup per adult goat. My kids get half a cup.

Pelleted grains are milled grains or grain byproducts that have then been turned into pellets with a binding agent. If I’m honest, I don’t really care for the pellets. I know many say they are great, and they come medicated.

I am more of a naturalist goat owner. If I can’t pronounce what is in it, I don’t like feeding it to them. However, it is a personal call and many people do feed them pellets. No judgment here if that is what you decide to go with.

Rolled grains are the same as whole grains only they’ve been rolled. If I feed my goats oats then I usually get them rolled. They like oats, it just depends on which store I’m at for that week as to what they get.

Then there are texturized grains. They are similar to rolled only they have other grains mixed with them to add extra nutrients. When I purchase sweet feed from our local feed mill then it is texturized and my goats love it.

Snacks and Treats for Goats

Goats love to snack too. Try a variety of snacks to see which your goats prefer.

Not every goat likes the same snack. One of my goats will eat anything green. While my other goats will completely turn their noses up to most treats.

Here are a few ideas for some acceptable snacks:

1. Sweet Feed

My goats love sweet feed. However, you need to be careful about how much you feed them.

There is no real nutritional value in it, and if you feed them too much of sweet feed, they become junk food junkies. Meaning, if I spoil my goats a little too much, they will wake me up screaming because they have a sweet tooth.

It isn’t much fun. I’ve learned to limit how much of this special treat they get.

It also depends on what store you purchase your sweet feed.

If I buy it from the chain store, there is basically no nutritional value in it whatsoever. However, if I purchase sweet feed from the local feed mill they add extra grains that ups the nutritional value.

2. Human Foods

A variety of human foods are okay to feed your goats. Foods like fruits, dried fruits, veggies, graham crackers, cheerios, Cheetos, and even corn chips.

It is basically at your discretion what you want to try. Just be aware that snacks are just that. Too much of anything isn’t good for them.

3. Weeds

Goats that don’t get to forage especially love weeds.

We are overrun with plantain; we’ll bring it to our goats by the buckets, and they love it. They will be happy to snack on your weeds all day long.

Goats like kudzu as well.

We have a lot of that in my mother-in-law’s woods. You can just chop them out and they’ll make a buffet out of it.

Food Supplement for Goats

Go for it. As long as you make sure to give your goats hay (unless they forage). Supplements don’t replace their food.

However, if you want to switch out grains for other foods or if you want to give them their needed minerals without paying for the store-bought versions there are ways of doing that.

These are your options:

1. Loose minerals

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Just like human needs to take multi-vitamins to make sure our bodies get all of the required nutrients, goats need loose minerals for the same purpose.

You can buy them loose or get them a mineral block that they lick.

Either way, they will be happy to eat them, and you are doing your part to raise healthy goats.

2. Baking Soda

I haven’t fed my goats baking soda but after reading the benefits, I’ll be starting now.

Remember how I’ve repeatedly said how sensitive a goat’s digestive system is?

Well, baking soda can help keep things in check. You feed them baking soda freely with their loose minerals and this will help aid their digestion and stop bloat.

3. Beet Pulp

You can buy beet pulp. I looked it up and have not found a recipe for making your own. Though this would be an investment, the benefits are great so you might deem it to be worth the cost.

Beet pulp is high in fiber, protein, and energy. So if your goat gets bored with the average goat feed then switch it up a little bit. They’ll be happier for it.

4. Black Oil Sunflower Seeds

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I knew that these were good for my rabbits, but I had no idea all of the benefits they held for goats. Again, another item I will be adding to the list of things to try and feed them.

Black Oil Sunflower Seeds are high in Vitamin E, which helps with goat’s reproductive health and their muscles. They are also high in zinc, iron, and selenium. It will also make their coats shinier and will enrich the fat content in their milk.

You can purchase black oil sunflower seeds if you think you’d like to give them a try.

5. Kelp Meal

Kelp meal is a great source of iodine. Another great benefit of your goats eating Kelp Meal is that it will increase their milk production too.

This would be an extremely helpful supplement for those that raise milking goats. You can buy kelp meal if you are interested.

6. Apple Cider Vinegar

ACV is great for everyone. As a human, I try to take a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar that has mother in it daily because of all of the health benefits.

If we take it for health then why not the goats?

You just add a little to their water every day. It is full of enzymes and minerals that help support a healthy immune system.

If you are interested in giving ACV a try for your goats (or yourself), you can purchase it, or try your hand at making it yourself.

What Should You Not Feed Your Goats?

There are quite a few items you should not feed your goats. Now, I want to mention the ones that are most common to all people no matter what area you live in.

You should never feed your goats these items:

  1. Avocado
  2. Azaleas
  3. Chocolate
  4. Plants with oxalates such as kale
  5. Any nightshade vegetable
  6. Holly trees or bushes
  7. Lilacs
  8. Lily of the valley
  9. Milkweed
  10. Rhubarb leaves
  11. Wild cherries

Here is a more in-depth list of items all over the globe that are potentially poisonous to your goat. If in doubt, always Google it.

It is better to be safe than sorry.

How to Feed Your Goats

When it is feeding time around the homestead, it is important that you know how often to feed, how much to feed, and that you have the proper feeding equipment.

Let’s get started on this important task.

When it comes to hay, the proper amounts are 2-4 pounds per goat each day. Chaffhaye is 2 pounds per 100 pounds of body weight.

In reality, if you feed hay freely they’ll eat what they need to, and it won’t hurt them. However, grains are a different story.

If you feed your goats too many grains, it can actually kill them. It is important that you do not feed your adult goats more than 1½ pounds of grain per day. The kids require even less grain than that.

As I said previously, I usually feed each adult goat a cup of grains a day. My kids usually get around half a cup of grains a day.

If your goats forage, then you may or may not need to give them hay 1-2 times a day. You can give them their grains in one setting or two. It is your choice.

My goats do not forage so I feed them all of their goodies one time per day. I will give them little snacks throughout the day sometimes just because I like to hang out with my goats.

The proper equipment is as follows:

1. Hay feeder

You need a hay feeder. Goats will not eat their food once it has been trampled. So be sure to buy or make them a hay feeder.

It will make sure less of your feed goes to waste.

2. Grain Feeder

Your goats will waste grains if it is not in an easily accessible dish. And once those grains hit the ground they are done.

Goats just won’t touch it. Weird, I know, but they won’t. So you can buy them a grain feeder, or you can do as I do.

I use a galvanized tub to feed my goats. If I’m going away on a trip, then I’ll use a sturdy under the bed box to make sure my goats have ample amount of feed while I’m gone.

3. Mineral Feeder

If you are going to feed your goats minerals, then you’ll need a mineral feeder. It will help to stop waste.

You can also go with a mineral block. If so you’ll need a holder for that as well. You can purchase a mineral feeder or a mineral block holder to make giving your goats their minerals that much easier.

4. Waterer

Goats require quite a bit of water. You can purchase a waterer or do as I do. Again, I just use a large galvanized tub. You can also use a rain barrel to save water.

It does the trick, and my goats don’t ever turn it over as the water helps weigh it down. Need another idea for a waterer? Try this one.

Well, my goat friends, that is all I have for you today. I hope this gives you all of the information you needed for your 4-legged goat babies.

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