Food with a good calcium to magnesium ratio can help prevent osteoporosis. Do you know how much calcium and magnesium are in the foods that you eat? This blog will give you some tips on how to increase your calcium and magnesium intake through eating more foods naturally high in these nutrients.
Food With High Calcium And Magnesium
While many supplements are available, scientists recommend that at least half of your calcium intake should come from your diet.
These eight foods are some of the best sources of calcium available:
- Dairy products
Products like milk, yogurt, and cheese are rich in calcium and also tend to be the best absorbed sources of it. Calcium is not absorbed as well from plant and fortified foods.
Dry-roasted soybeans are a good source of calcium. A half-cup contains 230 mg of calcium, making them an excellent source of calcium for those who follow a vegan diet.
- Dark Green, Leafy Vegetables
Cooked kale, spinach, and collard greens are all good calcium sources. Collard greens having the highest amount: a half-cup provides 175 mg of calcium.
- Calcium-Fortified Foods
Orange juice and cereals are often fortified with calcium. Calcium citrate malate is a well-absorbed form found in some fortified juices. There are also fortified cereals that provide as much as 1,000 mg of calcium per serving.
- Canned Salmon
Aside from dairy products, canned salmon is one of the best dietary sources of calcium. Just 3 ounces of canned salmon provides 181 mg. Salmon also contains Vitamin D, which helps your body absorb more calcium.
Five dried or fresh figs provide your body with 135 mg of calcium. Papayas and oranges are two other fruits high in calcium.
- Flour Tortillas
Good news for carb lovers: one 10-inch flour tortilla provides you with 90 mg of calcium.
- Canned Baked Beans
Four ounces of canned baked beans contain 160 mg of calcium. Beans also contain a lot of fiber.
Food For Magnesium
Magnesium is a mineral that plays a big role in making your body work right. More than 300 chemical reactions inside you depend on the mineral.
Without it, your muscles can’t move the way they’re supposed to. Your nerves won’t send and receive messages. Magnesium also keeps your heart rhythm steady, blood sugar levels balanced, and your joint cartilage healthy. It helps your body make protein, bone, and DNA.
Your body doesn’t make magnesium on its own. The amount you need depends on your age and gender. If you’re a woman age 19 or older, you need 310 milligrams (mg) a day — 350 mg if you’re pregnant. If you’re an adult man under age 30, you need 400 mg a day. After 30, men need 420 mg.
It’s always best to get magnesium from food, but you can also get it from multivitamins and supplements. Too much, though, can cause nausea, stomach cramps, or diarrhea. In extreme cases, it could cause an irregular heartbeat or cardiac arrest.
Don’t take a magnesium supplement if you have certain conditions, such as:
- Heart block
- Kidney failure
- Bowel obstruction
- Myasthenia gravis
If you get too much magnesium from food, your kidneys will remove it through your urine. Your kidneys will also balance out your magnesium levels if you don’t get enough of it for a little while.
Certain conditions like Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, type 2 diabetes, alcoholism, and chronic diarrhea can give your body a long-term shortage of magnesium. Common symptoms include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue.
Leafy green vegetables, whole grains, beans, nuts, and fish are the best ways to keep healthy levels of magnesium in your body. Shop with these specifics in mind:
Fish: Top Source of Magnesium
These types of fish are swimming in the mineral magnesium:
- Chinook salmon
- Atlantic mackerel
- Atlantic pollock
Vegetables and Fruits That Have Magnesium
Prickly pear has a lot of magnesium, but it isn’t the easiest food to find or prepare.
Focus instead on these fruits and vegetables that have a lot of magnesium when you cook them and plenty of other nutrients, too:
- Swiss chard
- Potato with skin
Whole-Grain Products With Magnesium
Look for breakfast cereals fortified with magnesium and these whole grains:
- Bran cereals
- Wheat germ (toasted)
- Quinoa (cooked)
Legumes, Nuts, and Seeds With Magnesium
Meat and poultry don’t have a lot of magnesium, but you can find it in soy, cheese, and yogurt.
These meat alternatives are also good magnesium sources:
- Black-eyed peas (cooked)
- Tempeh (cooked)
- Soy nuts
- Cooked beans (black, lima, navy, pinto, chickpeas)
- Peanut butter