You’re a busy person, and you want to eat Food With Low Potassium And Sodium. But when you look at the labels on your favorite foods, you can’t figure out how to make sense of them. Is it really a good thing that there are “Less than 5% of the Daily Value” of potassium? How will that affect my health? Take control of what goes into your body with Food With Low Potassium And Sodium!
Food With Low Potassium And Sodium
Many of the foods that you already eat contain potassium. The foods listed below are high in potassium. If you need to boost the amount of potassium in your diet, make healthy food choices by picking items below to add to your menu.
Many fresh fruits and vegetables are rich in potassium:
- Bananas, oranges, cantaloupe, honeydew, apricots, grapefruit (some dried fruits, such as prunes, raisins, and dates, are also high in potassium)
- Cooked spinach
- Cooked broccoli
- Sweet potatoes
- Leafy greens
Juice from potassium-rich fruit is also a good choice:
- Orange juice
- Tomato juice
- Prune juice
- Apricot juice
- Grapefruit juice
Certain dairy products, such as milk and yogurt, are high in potassium (low-fat or fat-free is best).
Some fish contain potassium:
Beans or legumes that are high in potassium include:
- Lima beans
- Pinto beans
- Kidney beans
Other foods that are rich in potassium include:
- Salt substitutes (read labels to check potassium levels)
- Meat and poultry
- Brown and wild rice
- Bran cereal
- Whole-wheat bread and pasta
Low sodium prepared foods
Kashi Organic Autumn Wheat Cereal
Some cereals harbor 270 mg sodium per 1/2- cup serving. This no-sodium version puts other bowls to shame.
Dell’Amore Original Recipe Premium Marinara
With about 480 mg per 1/2 cup, marinara can be a sodium bomb. Dell’Amore has about half that at 250 mg.
Swanson Unsalted Chicken Stock
With only 130 mg sodium per cup, this broth kills the competition. An average chicken broth has a jaw-dropping 860 mg.
Ezekiel 4:9 Sprouted Whole Grain Bread
These loaves don’t need much sodium to stay fresh—they’re stored in the freezer. One slice has 75 mg (vs. the usual 160).
Wild Planet No Salt Added Skipjack Wild Tuna
Some brands of tuna contain 140 mg sodium in a tiny 2-ounce serving. Made from 100% tuna, Wild Planet has only 65 mg per 2 ounces.
Dinosaur Bar-B-Que Sensuous Slathering Sauce
This not-too-sweet, tangy sauce clocks in at 177 mg per 2 tablespoons. Other brands pack in anywhere from 300 to more than 400 mg.
365 Everyday Value Whole Wheat Bread Crumbs
Made from whole-wheat flour and yeast alone, these are 100% salt-free (as in 0 mg sodium), a big improvement over the 160 to 420 mg in others.
Renal Diet Basics
When you eat and drink, your body absorbs nutrients needed for fuel. Anything it doesn’t need is carried through the blood to the kidneys. The kidneys filter out excess nutrients and make urine. If you have kidney disease, some nutrients can build up and damage your kidney. A renal diet can help protect you from kidney damage.
What type of food plan should I follow if I have kidney disease?
People with kidney disease may need to control these important nutrients: sodium, potassium and phosphorus. Please discuss your specific and individual diet needs with your healthcare provider or the registered dietitian at your dialysis center. Here are some tips to follow for a renal diet.
What should I know about sodium and salt if I follow a renal diet?
Sodium is a mineral found in salt (sodium chloride). It’s widely used to prepare foods.
Salt is one of the most commonly used seasonings. It’ll take time for you to get used to reducing the salt in your diet. However, reducing salt/sodium is an important tool in controlling your kidney disease.
Here are some suggestions.
- Don’t use salt when cooking food.
- Don’t put salt on food when you eat.
- Learn to read food labels. Avoid foods that have more than 300mg sodium per serving (or 600mg for a complete frozen dinner). Avoid foods that have salt in the first four or five items in the ingredient list.
- Don’t eat ham, bacon, sausage, hot dogs, lunch meats, chicken tenders or nuggets, or regular canned soup. Only eat reduced-sodium soups that don’t have potassium chloride as an ingredient (check the food label.) Also, only eat 1 cup, not the whole can.
- Choose only canned vegetables that say “no salt added” on the label.
- Don’t use flavored salts such as garlic salt, onion salt, or seasoned salt. Don’t use kosher or sea salt.
- Be sure to look for lower salt or no salt added options for your favorite foods such as peanut butter or box mixes.
- Don’t purchase refrigerated or frozen meats that are packaged in a solution or those that have been flavored or pre-seasoned. These items can include boneless chicken and bone-in chicken pieces, turkey breast, whole turkeys, steaks, roasts, burgers, pork tenderloin and pork chops.
What should I know about potassium if I follow a renal diet?
Potassium is a mineral involved in how muscles work. When your kidneys don’t work properly, potassium builds up in your blood. This can cause changes in how your heart beats and possibly even lead to a heart attack.
Potassium is found mainly in fruits and vegetables, as well as milk and meats. You’ll need to avoid certain fruits and vegetables and limit the amount of others.
Potassium-rich foods to avoid
- Melons such as cantaloupe and honeydew. (Watermelon is OK.)
- Oranges and orange juice.
- Prune juice.
- Tomatoes, tomato sauce and tomato juice.
- Dried beans — all kinds.
- Pumpkin and winter squash.
- Cooked greens, spinach, kale, collards and Swiss chard.
- Broccoli and Brussels sprouts.
- Nuts and nut butters.
You should also avoid:
- Bran cereals and granola.
- Salt substitutes or “lite” salt.
Canned fruits usually have lower amounts of potassium than fresh ones. Be sure to pour off the juice before you eat the fruit.
Potatoes and sweet potatoes
Potatoes and sweet potatoes need special handling to allow you to eat them in small amounts. Peel them, cut them into small slices or cubes and soak them for several hours in a large amount of water.
When you’re ready to cook them, pour the soaking water off and use a large amount of water in the pan. Drain this water before you prepare them to eat.
What should I know about phosphorus in my diet if I follow a renal diet?
Phosphorus is another mineral that can build up in your blood when your kidneys don’t work properly. When this happens, calcium can be pulled from your bones and can collect in your skin or blood vessels. Bone disease can then become a problem, making you more likely to have a bone break.
Tips to limit phosphorus in your diet
Dairy foods are the major source of phosphorus in the diet, so limit milk to 1 cup per day. If you use yogurt or cheese instead of liquid milk, have only one container of yogurt or 1.5 ounces of cheese per day.
Some vegetables also contain phosphorus. Limit these to 1 cup per week:
- Dried beans.
- Brussels sprouts.
Certain cereals should be limited to 1 serving per week. These are:
- Wheat cereals.
White or Italian bread and low-salt crackers made with white flour have less phosphorus than whole-grain bread and crackers.
Soft drinks contain phosphorus, so only drink clear ones. Don’t drink Mountain Dew® (any kind), colas, root beers, Dr.Pepper® (any kind). Also, avoid Hawaiian Punch®, Fruitworks®, Cool® iced tea, and Aquafina® tangerine pineapple.
Beer also has phosphorus. Avoid all kinds.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
We all need to pay attention to what we eat. If you have kidney disease, following a renal diet gives you more control over how you feel. Work with your providers and dietitian because you’re the most important part of your healthcare team.
The Health Risks Of A High Sodium, Low Potassium Diet
The news is alarming and, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a change in diet is a must: Americans who eat a diet high in sodium and low in potassium have a 50 percent increased risk of death from any cause and about twice the risk of death from heart attacks, according to a study published today in the Archives of Internal Medicine. The study was conducted by researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Emory University and Harvard University.
This is the first study to examine the association between mortality and people’s usual intake of sodium and potassium in a nationally representative sample. The study analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), a survey designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults in the United States. (Participants’ usual intake of sodium and potassium is based on dietary recall.)
“The study’s findings are particularly troubling because US adults consume an average of 3,300 milligrams of sodium per day, more than twice the current recommended limit for most Americans,” said Elena Kuklina, MD, PhD, an investigator on the study and a nutritional epidemiologist with CDC’s Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention.
“This study provides further evidence to support current public health recommendations to reduce sodium levels in processed foods, given that nearly 80 percent of people’s sodium intake comes from packaged and restaurant foods. Increasing potassium intake may have additional health benefits.”
The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends limiting intake of sodium to 1,500 milligrams per day for people 51 and older, African Americans and people with high blood pressure, diabetes or chronic kidney disease—about half the US population ages 2 and older. The dietary guidelines recommend that all other people consume less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day. In addition, the guidelines recommend that people choose more potassium-rich foods, advising 4,700 milligrams of potassium per day.
Sodium, primarily consumed as salt (sodium chloride), is commonly added to many processed and restaurant foods, while potassium is naturally present in many fresh foods. For example, cheese, processed meats, breads, soups, fast foods and pastries tend to have more sodium than potassium. Yogurt, milk, fruits and vegetables tend to have less sodium and more potassium. Potassium-rich fruits and vegetables include leafy greens, such as spinach and collards, grapes, blackberries, carrots, potatoes and citrus fruits such as oranges and grapefruit.
In general, if you reduce sodium, increase potassium or both, you’ll benefit from improved blood pressure and reduce your risk for developing other serious health problems. You can improve your health by knowing and following the recommended limits for daily sodium intake, choosing foods like fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables, unprocessed or minimally processed fish, meat or poultry, low-fat milk and plain yogurt rather than packaged, processed and refined foods; asking for foods with no or low salt at restaurants; and reading the nutrition labels of foods to make better shopping choices.
Here are specifics on good-to-excellent sources of potassium to include in your diet:
- Milk and yogurt
- Meat (choose lean red meats), chicken and fish such as salmon, cod, flounder and sardines
- Soy products and veggie burgers
- Vegetables including broccoli, peas, lima beans, tomatoes, potatoes (especially their skins), sweet potatoes and winter squashes
- Fruits with significant sources of potassium include citrus fruits, cantaloupe, bananas, kiwi, prunes and apricots (dried apricots contain more potassium than fresh)
CDC is working with public and private sector partners at the national, state and local levels to educate people about the health effects of sodium and how to reduce sodium intake.
Kidney Disease: High- and Moderate-Potassium Foods
Just like sodium, potassium must stay balanced in your body when managing kidney disease. If your kidneys are not working well, potassium levels in your blood might get too high. High levels of potassium can affect your heart rhythm, so the eating plan you follow for managing kidney disease might include a potassium limit. Your doctor or registered dietitian nutritionist will let you know if you need to monitor the amount of potassium in the foods and beverages you consume, and your RDN can explain how to stay within your limit.
Potassium is found in many fruits and vegetables, beans, nuts and dairy foods. The exact amounts can vary but below is a general guide for foods that are considered high and low in potassium.
High-Potassium Fruits and Vegetables
These foods contain more than 250 milligrams potassium per half-cup serving.
|ArtichokesAvocadosBananasBeets and beet greensBrussels sproutsCantaloupeDatesNectarinesOranges and orange juice||ParsnipsPotatoesPrunes and prune juicePumpkinSpinach (cooked)Sweet potatoesSwiss chard Tomatoes and tomato juiceVegetable juice|
Lower-Potassium Fruits and Vegetables
These foods contain less than 150 milligrams potassium per half-cup serving.
|ApplesauceBlueberriesCabbage (raw)CranberriesCucumberEggplantEndive||Onion (sliced)PineappleRaspberriesWatermelon|
Meet with an RDN to learn more about kidney disease and an eating plan that’s right for you.