Food With Low Potassium For Diabetic is not only tasty, but also very healthy. If you are diabetic and want to live a better life, here’s a list of food with low potassium for diabetics. Fruits that are low in potassium include blueberries and raspberries. Vegetables that are low in potassium include cucumbers and radishes. Limit, or avoid high-potassium foods such as avocado, cooked greens (such as spinach, Swiss chard, and beet greens), and potatoes.
Food With Low Potassium For Diabetic
Your body uses potassium in digestion, metabolism, regulating muscle tissue and homeostasis — balancing the chemical and electrical processes in your body. Excess potassium can lead to loss of muscle and nerve control, an irregular heart beat and cardiac arrest. Your kidneys remove excess potassium from your bloodstream, but when you have renal disease, commonly caused by diabetes, your kidney’s aren’t able to work properly. A potassium build-up, called hyperkalemia, occurs — which might have fatal consequences. Prevention of hyperkalemia is the best treatment, and following a low-potassium diet can help.
Choose carbohydrates that are low in potassium and sugar. Carbohydrates have a direct impact on blood sugar, and most people with diabetes count carbs carefully. Unfortunately, high-fiber low-glycemic index carbs that are often recommended for people with diabetes can be high in potassium and phosphorous. Instead of eating two slices of whole grain bread, you may have to eat just one slice of white bread as one serving of a low-potassium carb.
Avoid processed proteins. Cold cuts, lunch meats, sausages and meats cured with nitrates tend to be higher in potassium than lean cuts of meat, fish, seafood, poultry and eggs. You’ll also want to limit nuts and dried legumes. Use low-fat dairy products in moderation. Talk to your doctor about protein consumption. People with renal failure often need to follow a low-protein diet, if they haven’t started dialysis. Dialysis patients often require more protein, due to tissue loss.
Learn which fruits and vegetables are better choices on your renal diabetes diet. You may have been avoiding starchy vegetables because of their high carbohydrate content; but broccoli, tomatoes, artichokes, okra and spinach should also be avoided if you have kidney disease. Choose fruits such as apples, berries and grapefruit, but limit cantaloupe, bananas, oranges, nectarines, pears and papaya. You can’t judge how much potassium is in a food just by looking at, so you may need a renal diet guide that lists the electrolyte content of food.
Pay attention to portion control — if you eat three servings of a low-potassium food, you may be consuming too much potassium. Cook your foods at home. The more you eat at restaurants, the less control you have over food preparation, sodium and fat content and portion control.
Low-Potassium Diet: What to Know
Every time you eat a banana or a baked potato with the skin on (not just the tasty buttered insides), you’re getting potassium. This essential mineral keeps your muscles healthy and your heartbeat and blood pressure steady.
If you have a heart or kidney condition, though, your doctor may recommend a low-potassium diet. Your kidneys are responsible for keeping a healthy amount of potassium in your body. If they’re not working right, you may get too much or too little.
If you have too much potassium in your blood, it can cause cardiac arrest — when your heart suddenly stops beating.
If you have too little potassium in your blood, it can cause an irregular heartbeat. Your muscles may also feel weak.
Most foods have potassium. To keep your levels low, avoid or eat less than a half-cup a day of these high-potassium foods:
- Dried fruit
- Honeydew melon
- Oranges and orange juice
- Pomegranate and pomegranate juice
- Prunes and prune juice
- Acorn squash, butternut squash, Hubbard squash
- Baked beans, black beans, refried beans
- Broccoli (cooked)
- Brussels sprouts
- Onions (fried)
- Potatoes (white and sweet)
- Spinach (cooked)
- Tomatoes, tomato sauce, and tomato paste
- Vegetable juice
Other high-potassium foods:
- Bran products
- Creamed soups
- French fries
- Ice cream
- Milk (buttermilk, chocolate, eggnog evaporated, malted, soy and milkshakes)
- Peanut butter
- Potato chips
- Salt substitutes
The list of high-potassium foods may feel a bit overwhelming, but remember, for every high-potassium food to avoid, there’s at least one low-potassium food to enjoy.
The recommended serving size for these low-potassium foods is 1/2 cup. You don’t want to overdo it. Too much of a low-potassium food makes it a high-potassium food.
- Apples (plus apple juice and applesauce)
- Fruit cocktail
- Grapes and grape juice
- Mandarin oranges
- Pineapple and pineapple juice
- Alfalfa sprouts
- Asparagus (6 raw spears)
- Broccoli (raw or cooked from frozen)
- Carrots (cooked)
- Celery (1 stalk)
- Corn (half an ear if it’s on the cob)
- Green beans or wax beans
- White mushrooms (raw)
- Peas (green)
- Water chestnuts
- Yellow squash and zucchini
How potassium-rich diets could protect diabetic patients’ kidneys, by researchers
DIABETES patients are at risk for a wide variety of negative health outcomes during the progression of their disease. One such area of concern is kidney function. New research hopes to spark further investigation into ways to tackle these disorders with dietary potassium.
New research shows a potential protective role of potassium on kidney function.
Diabetes is a growing problem. The Diabetes Association of Nigeria (DAN) estimates that 10 per cent of Nigerians that is about 17 million people have diabetes while the United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate there are 29.1 million diabetics in America
Worryingly, the CDC also predict that this number will double or triple over the next few decades. If that forecast is correct, between one in three and 1 in five Americans may be diabetic by 2050.
Although obesity is known to be a major factor, the search is on for other dietary risk factors that might be easier to correct.
Controlling diet in diabetes is an essential part of the treatment plan, and low-sodium and reduced-calorie diets are the most commonly recommended.
The standard diet that clinicians advise for diabetics is essentially a healthy, well-balanced diet with an extra focus on reducing salt.
Renal and cardiovascular problems in diabetes
Type 2 diabetes significantly increases an individual’s chance of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Hyperglycemia (excess blood glucose), hypertension (high blood pressure) and dyslipidemia (excess lipids in the blood) are well-known risk factors for both ESRD and CVD.
In the general population, potassium is recognized as a means to prevent hypertension and stroke. However, its effects on ESRD and CVD onset are not well investigated, especially within a diabetic population with healthy cardiovascular and kidney function.
The role of potassium
Potassium is a vital mineral involved in the normal functioning of all the cells, tissues and organs of the body. Along with sodium, chloride, calcium and magnesium, potassium is a charged particle referred to as an electrolyte.
Potassium helps conduct nerve impulses, regulate the rhythm of the heart and control muscle contraction. It also plays a part in maintaining bone health and fluid balance.
One of the kidney’s many roles is to ensure that potassium is maintained at the correct levels. Too much or too little can be equally troublesome.
Research conducted by Dr. Shin-ichi Araki, at Shiga University of Medical Science in Japan, hopes to open new avenues of investigation into the relationship between dietary potassium and negative health consequences in diabetic patients.
Diet in diabetes
Dr. Araki’s research, published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, claims that diets rich in potassium may help protect the heart and kidney health of patients with type 2 diabetes.
The trial involved 623 Japanese type 2 diabetics, none of whom were currently using diuretic medicines or had any history of CVD. The patients were enrolled between 1996 and 2003 with a median follow-up period of 11 years.
This long-term study measured potassium and sodium excretion through urine sampling. The amount of these elements excreted in urine is an accurate indicator of the amount consumed.
The results showed that higher levels of potassium in the participants’ urine indicated a lower risk of renal dysfunction and cardiovascular problems. Sodium excretion, on the other hand, showed no correlation.
The authors agree with recommendations to restrict energy intake, as is standard practice with diabetic patients, but Dr. Araki warns that a low-calorie, low-sodium diet may also be deficient in potassium.
He is well aware of the difficulties surrounding a diabetic’s dietary choices: “For many individuals with diabetes, the most challenging part of a treatment plan is to determine what to eat.”
Araki believes that raising potassium in diabetes diet plans might prevent ESRD and CVD from developing in individuals, or at least slow its advance.
These results are in line with other recent research that has linked higher dietary potassium intake with lower incidence of kidney dysfunction and CVD in non-diabetic patients.
Araki warns, however, that the present study is not conclusive evidence of potassium’s protective effects on diabetic kidneys. The aim of the study was to spur on further investigation into novel targets for future dietary recommendations, and in that regard, the trial was a success.
It is also worth noting that hyperkalemia – elevated levels of potassium in the blood – is a dangerous condition that affects some diabetics. Medical News Today recently reported on a new drug that might help improve potassium levels in diabetic kidneys.
*Adapted from article written by Tim Newman for Medical News Today
Low Potassium Diabetic Diet
Managing diabetes and potassium levels is a double challenge, as you must eat foods low in sugar and potassium. You should make careful food selections that are rich in vitamins and minerals, which are essential for good health. Also become familiar with all the foods that are low in sugar and potassium to help regulate your sugar and keep your potassium levels low.
High Potassium Risks
Potassium is essential for muscle building, healthy heart, regulating blood sugar and for transmitting nerve impulses. Potassium is filtered through the kidney and the excess is excreted through urine. If your potassium levels become high, you are at risk for a disease called hyperkalemia. This disease manifests itself with general weakness, irregular heartbeat, difficulty in breathing and in extreme cases, paralysis.
Fruits and Vegetables
Select produce that is both low in potassium and sugar. According to the Cleveland Clinic, some low potassium vegetables are cucumbers, lettuce, green beans and cauliflower; these vegetables are also low in sugar. Some fruits that are low in both sugar and potassium are blueberries, grapes, grapefruit and strawberries. Blend some berries with crushed ice and 1 tbsp. of nondairy topping in your blender, and freeze for a delicious sweet treat. Make a salad of lettuce, cucumbers and mushrooms with a salad dressing of lemon juice and whipped cottage cheese for a low potassium and low sugar salad.
Protein and Dairy
Most protein has some potassium content; select carefully and limit portions and servings. Turkey, skinless chicken breasts, tuna and shrimp are low in potassium and are naturally low in sugar. The recommended serving for these choices are 3 oz., according to University of Maryland Medical center. Cheddar and Swiss cheese are both low in potassium as well as cottage cheese. The recommended serving amount is 1 oz. for the hard cheeses and and 1/2 cup of cottage cheese.
Manage your portion size to make sure you are consuming the proper sugar and potassium levels in your diet. Vegetables and fruit are excellent for most healthful diets; however, even eating low potassium and low sugar produce in large quantities can cause a rise in both blood sugar and potassium. A serving size is generally 1/2 cup.
Lower Potassium Content
Soak both fruits and vegetables in water to lower the potassium content. Cook vegetables in a large pot of water to reduce more of the potassium. Rinse canned vegetables thoroughly to remove potassium content. Read your labels on all foods for potassium and sugar content.
Foods to Avoid
There are many fruits, vegetables and carbohydrate selections that are extremely high both in potassium and sugar. Some fruits and vegetables high in sugar and potassium are bananas, dried fruits, sweetened canned fruits, potatoes and acorn squash. Sports drinks, seasoned salt, canned vegetables are often high in sugar, potassium and undesirable preservatives and additives, according to the Cleveland Clinic.