How To Make Mango Tree Grow Faster

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If you love to munch on mangoes and you have planted it a long time ago, then I am sure that you are wondering how to make the mango tree grow faster. There are actually many ways to do this and some work better than the others.

Making mango tree grow faster is not as difficult as you might think. It may be some extra work, but trust me it’s totally worth every ounce of effort you put into it.

How to Grow a Mango Tree Faster

Mango tree with hanging fruits.

You may have read that to encourage a mango tree to grow faster, you should plant a grafted tree. This is not so. Grafted trees actually grow more slowly than seedlings even though they produce fruit much sooner. But grafted trees provide important benefits that you cannot get from a seed-grown tree, so they are generally better in the home landscape.

The thing about mango trees (​Mangifera indica​, USDA plant hardiness zones 10B through 11) — and in fact, all trees — is that they operate on their own time. You can encourage growth through fertilizer application or ideal environmental conditions, but you might end up with a lot of leafy growth at the expense of flowers and fruit.

Mango Tree Size and Growth Rate

It’s tough to estimate an average growth for mango trees because so much depends on the environment. For instance, they have a very low cold tolerance, so they thrive only in tropical areas. If your goal is to have a mango tree in a colder zone, you can coddle it by growing it in a pot and bringing it inside in winter, in which case you’ll want a dwarf variety, but it may never get the amount of sun and warmth it craves to grow robustly and produce fruit.

Mangos are big trees. They can reach 90 to 120 feet tall and 80 feet wide in ideal growing conditions, but cultivated mangos in the colder range of their growing zones might grow only half that size. Experts all define the mango as a fast-growing tree, but take “fast” with a caveat because again, it’s all about the environment. They have been known to add 6 feet in their first year, but that growth rate slows once they start fruiting.

Encouraging a Faster Growth Rate

The first step to ensure an optimum mango growth rate is to plant the tree where it can thrive. Mangos require dry and very warm conditions. They grow in Hawaii but in the lower elevations, doing best with a fairly cool dry season followed by a hot season when fruits are being developed. They have been planted successfully in California’s warmer inland areas away from cool marine air and fog. They dislike wet and humid conditions, which create an environment in which they are susceptible to anthracnose fruit rot and also poor fruit set.

Make sure your young mango tree doesn’t dry out, but don’t let it get waterlogged. Situate it in a warm, sunny location in soil with good drainage. Young mango saplings should be watered every few days in warm and dry temperatures to ensure even soil moisture. Mangos produce long taproots, so once the trees are 3 or 4 years old, cut back on the watering.

Mango trees require a lot of nutrients. When the tree is young, fertilize it twice yearly with a high-nitrogen fertilizer to encourage strong, leafy growth. Once the tree flowers and begins to produce fruit, usually two to four years after planting for grafted trees, switch to a fertilizer mix that is higher in phosphorus and potassium — for example, a 4-10-10 mix applied two to four times a year.

Mango trees growing slow | How to help them grow 2X faster

Mango trees can grow slow because of cold weather, poor soil or lack of water. To get a mango tree to grow as fast as possible prepare the soil with compost, aged cow manure and pelleted chicken manure. Mulch with 2-3 inches of straw or sugar cane mulch and give it a super-boost shot of fish emulsion.

Why mango trees will grow slow

Here are the top reasons why mango trees will grow slow and ways to make them grow 2x faster.

Cold weather

Cold weather can cause mango trees to grow slow. These trees are tropical so love warm humid weather. When mango trees are grown in areas that have Mediterranean weather, they will struggle with the cold winters and lack of humidity.

Warm weather will help the mango tree to grow fast.

I have planted a mango tree at the end of Fall which is a perfect time to plant it. The mango tree will have time to establish its roots over the cooler months. The small mango tree has been growing slow, almost nothing noticeable.

As we get into the Spring and Summer months this small mango tree will burst into life and grow new leaves but nothing much happens over the cool months.

Poor soil

Mangoes that have been planted in poor soil will grow incredibly soil. Soil that is very sandy will be low in nutrients and will not hold water. Soil that contains too much clay will hold too much water and may rot the roots.

The perfect soil for a mango tree is one that has been improved with lots of natural organic matter. Before planting my new mango tree I added compost, aged cow manure and a handful of pelleted chicken manure.

Adding this organic matter helps the soil to drain excess water but still hold enough to feed the roots of the plant. This organic matter will also feed worms and soil bacteria which digest the nutrients in the organic matter making it available for the mango tree.

Prepare the soil well for fast growing mango trees.

Lack of water

Mango trees love regular watering so lack of water can cause slow growth. Mangoes that suffer from dry spells, particularly when they are young will slow their growth. The tree will struggle to absorb the nutrients it needs and can die off completely.

To keep your mango tree growing rapidly, give it regular water when they are first planted and during the summer months. Over dry winters, mango trees will also need extra water to keep them healthy before the spring growing season.

Seedling mango trees

Seedling mango trees can grow slower than grafted trees. Seedling mango trees are grown from a single seed, which is planted and developed in soil. This will be true to the seed’s genetics and the root system and stem will match.

Grafted mango trees will be grown on fast growing root systems, which can help the tree to grow quicker and produce fruit sooner.

For the fastest growing mango tree, a grafted tree can be a great choice. For me I have chosen a seedling mango tree because I want a natural, large sized tree. Seedling mango trees can often grow larger in the long run but may grow slower in the first year after transplanting into your yard.

A seedling mango tree will take a while to grow but will shoot up quickly after a few months.

Lack of sunlight

Mangoes love bright sunlight so a lack of light can slow their growth. Mangoes grow well with at least 6 hours of sunlight helping them to photosynthesize and create the energy needed to grow fast.

Mangoes that get too much shade will grow slower and take longer to produce fruit.

Removing overhanging branches from other trees and shrubs can help a mango tree to get the sunlight it needs to grow fast. Planting them in an open area of your yard will help them to reach as much light as possible and encourage vertical growth.

Lack of fertilizer

Mango trees need a good balance of nutrients to grow fast so a lack of a good fertilizing regime can cause problems. I like to use organic and natural fertilizers like pelleted chicken manure and fish emulsion.

I like to apply these natural fertilizers every 2 weeks in Spring to give it an extra nutrient boost over the Spring growing season. Nitrogen is a key nutrient needed for leaf growth so is an important addition when the tree is ready to grow more leaves and establish in the soil.

How to make a mango tree grow faster

While the problems listed above can slow mango tree growth, here are a few ways to make a mango tree grow faster.

Prepare the soil first

Compost is the best way to prepare soil before planting a new mango tree. Compost can also be used to top dress the mango after planting to provide a good mulch layer which will fertilize the tree each time it rains.

For older trees, a 2-3 inch layer of compost can be laid on the soil under the tree in Spring and Fall to insulate the soil and prevent weeds. This will break down over a 6 month period and help the tree to grow fast.

Mulch

Mulch is one the most important ways to help your mango tree to grow fast. Straw or sugar cane mulch make the perfect mulch for a young tree as they will break down quickly to improve the soil. The light mulches will feed the worms, prevent weeds and keep water in the soil.

Sugar cane mulch will work well for a new mango tree and improve the soil.

For established or large mango trees, bark mulch is the perfect way to keep the tree happy. A 2-3 inch layer of tree or bark mulch will help to keep the tree healthy. The mulch will last longer than straw or sugar cane and will only need to be topped up once or twice per year to prevent weeds.

Feed the tree

Keeping the mango tree well fed with organic fertilizer during the warmer growing season will get it growing as fast as possible. Liquid nitrogen feed, pelleted chicken manure and a top dressing of aged cow manure will supercharge the soil ready for rapid mango tree growth.

Mango trees growing slow | Summary

Mango trees can feel like they are growing slow when you first plant them. Planting new trees in Fall is a great idea because it will allow them to settle into the soil ready for rapid Spring growth. The steps that I took to get my mango tree ready for the Spring growing season are what it takes to get your tree growing fast. Happy gardening.

How to Make a Grafted Mango Tree Grow Fast

Sweet and delicious mangoes are a tropical fruit enjoyed around the world. More than 1000 varieties of mango trees (Mangifera indica) are cultivated worldwide, varying in shape, size, and color. Mangoes can weigh 4 to 20 ounces each at harvest. Because the mangoes grown from seed tend to be fibrous and lacking in flavor, gardeners generally cultivate grafted mango trees.

Mangoes grow well outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 11 and 12, according to CalPoly Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute. Mango trees suffer damage to flowers and fruit at 40 degrees Fahrenheit and permanent damage or death can occur at 32 degrees Fahrenheit. In cooler zones, grow mangoes in a container that is brought indoors when the weather cools. Encourage a faster mango tree growth rate by employing regular care and maintenance techniques.

  1. 1. Select a Grafted Mango TreePurchase a small grafted tree for your container. A 2- to 3-foot mango tree develops new roots to anchor it in the soil faster than a larger tree. Mango trees are self-pollinating and do not require a companion tree for pollination. According to the University of Florida IFAS Extension, grafted mango trees bear fruit three to five years after planting, which is earlier than trees started from seed.
  2. 2. Select a ContainerChoose a pot wisely for a container-grown tree, which normally dries out faster than a tree planted in the ground outdoors. Use a pot of adequate size with good drainage, and keep the soil evenly moist to ensure steady growth.
  3. 3. Acclimate to Direct SunlightAcclimate a young mango tree to a full-sun location slowly. Because young trees are usually started indoors or in a greenhouse, they can easily burn if abruptly placed outdoors in full sun, stunting or stopping their growth. Start with a bit of morning sun when moving the tree outdoors. After a few days, increase the amount of sun exposure to four hours a day. After a couple of weeks of partial sun, the potted tree is ready to be placed in a full-sun location.
  4. 4. Water and MulchProvide adequate moisture to encourage growth. Mango trees require evenly moist soil to produce high-quality fruit. A tender young mango tree should be watered every two to three days while outdoors if weather conditions do not provide sufficient moisture.After several years, the mango tree is considered well established and is not as susceptible to damage from lack of water. In Mediterranean-type climate zones, mature mango trees typically receive adequate moisture from seasonal rainfall. During periods of extended drought or while indoors, water these trees weekly.Provide outdoor-grown mango trees with a 3- to 4-inch layer of organic mulch to conserve moisture if the soil tends to be dry. The mulch layer also helps control weeds.
  5. 5. Fertilize Mango TreeAvoid the application of toxic chemicals in commercial herbicides, pesticides and fertilizers. Use only organic fertilizers, such as liquid seaweed, fish emulsion or worm castings. Fertilize mango trees in October to encourage abundant bud formation. Mango trees typically flower from December through April.Well-aged herbivore manure or aged garden compost, applied approximately 1 pound per square foot, provides vital minerals and other needed nutrients that help support healthy growth and encourage the production of an abundance of sweet and tasty mangoes.
  6. 6. Prune the Grafted MangoPrune mango trees after harvest to control growth and shape. Annual trimming of branch tips helps keep the size of the tree manageable for container growth and encourages branching. Thin major limbs to allow light and air to penetrate the canopy of the tree and encourage new growth.Wear gardening gloves when picking mangoes or handling the plant. Many people have an allergic reaction to mangoes. The mango sap contains urushiol, which can cause skin irritations, including redness, burning and blisters. Urushiol is also found in poison ivy.Things You Will Need
    • Large pot with drainage holes
    • Garden hose
    • Pruners

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