Lesson Plan On Fruits For Preschoolers


This is a lesson plan on fruits for preschoolers.Nowadays, most parents are aware of the fact that their kids must learn to eat fruits in early childhood.Fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals and other nutrients required by the growing body. The best fruit that could be offered to kids as part of their daily diet is an apple.

Lesson Plan Fruits

Lesson Plan Fruit

      1. Lesson: Fruit

      2.Time allocation: 45-60 minutes

      3. Learning objectives:

  • Students are able to identify the name of the fruits (e.g. Apple, orange, Banana, Pear, Kiwi, Melon, Watermelon, Grape, etc.)
  • Students are able to identify the fruits based on their color
  • Students are able to pronounce the name of the fruits correctly

       4. Language Focus:

  • “Do you like to eat the fruits?”
  • “What is your favorite food?”

       5. Target vocabularies:

  • The name of fruits; Apple, orange, Banana, Pear, Kiwi, Melon, Watermelon, Grape.
  • The color of the fruits

        6. Media:

          Videos and Flashcards

Lesson Plan: Vegetables and Fruits

Let’s Eat Fresh Vegetables and Fruits

Elementary School Educator, Baltazar P. Carbullido Elementary School, Guam

About This Lesson

The following lesson plan was developed as part of the Culturally Sustaining Education: The Micronesian Context professional development workshop held 24-26 July 2018.  The workshop was held in Guam and made possible by the Center for Pacific Islands Studies at the University of Hawai`i at Mānoa in partnership with Chaminade University of Honolulu’s Center for Teaching and Learning, the Department of CHamoru Affairs and the Senator Antonio Palomo Guam Museum and Educational Facility, the College of Micronesia, Alik Translation Services, and Guampedia.  All lesson plans developed as part of this series were authored by a Guam-based educator with contributions from workshop facilitators.


Health, Language Arts, Mathematics



Elementary, 2nd Grade

Time required

45 minutes a day for 5 days

Materials required

  • Local fruits and vegetable picture cards
  • Guam Island-Fresh Fruits poster
  • Guam Island-Fresh Vegetable poster
  • Eat Colors, Be Healthy poster
  • Coloring art supplies
  • Fresh local fruits and vegetables (if in season)
  • Children’s story books on fruits and vegetables
  • Family Project: Let’s Eat a Rainbow!

Lesson Plan


  • Students will develop skills to examine a group of vegetables and fruits, and sort them into (1) Vegetable Group and (2) Fruit Group with 90 – 95% accuracy.
  • Students will list at least three reasons why we have to eat fresh vegetables and fruits daily for our health.
  • Students will be able to identify at least 10 vegetables and fruits grown on Guam and or in one’s home island/country.
  • Students will complete the “Family Project: Let’s Eat a Rainbow” and present it to the class by naming fruit and vegetable in one’s own native language.
  • Upon the completion of class presentation, students will participate in a class discussion about the similarities and differences between fruits and vegetables grown in Guam and other islands/countries with 90 – 95% accuracy.
  • Students will be able to categorize all fruits and vegetables into seven colors shown on the Healthy Eating Rainbow chart with 90 – 95% accuracy.
  • Students will be able to name the colors of the rainbow in CHamoru language with 90 – 95% accuracy.

Questions or Assessment

  • What counts as a fruit? What counts as a vegetable?
  • What fruits/vegetables have you eaten or never eaten before?
  • What vegetable grows under the ground?
  • Does this fruit or vegetable grow on Guam?
  • What do you call this fruit/vegetable in CHamoru language?
  • Why do we need to eat fresh fruits and vegetables?
  • Guess which color of fruits/vegetables keeps our heart strong when we eat them? (Red)
  • Guess which color of fruits/vegetables is good for our eyes? (Orange and Yellow)
  • Guess which color of fruits/vegetables makes our stomach feel better? (Green)
  • Guess which color of fruits/vegetables help your brain work well? (Blue and Purple)
  • Guess which color of fruits/vegetables keeps your body strong and fight again germs? (White and Tan)


Sorting fruit or vegetable

  1. Teacher will begin the instruction by showing the picture of niyok (coconut) and kamuti (sweet potato) to students.
  2. Then students will be asked to identify whether the produce shown in each picture card is a vegetable or a fruit.
  3. Students will also be asked to explain how it was identified as a fruit or a vegetable.
  4. Teacher will explain to the class the main difference between fruits and vegetables.
  5. Then teacher will show various pictures of local produce, and continue with the identification game with the class to ensure everyone’s understanding on its main difference.

Introducing the Lesson

Teacher will continue the lesson by explaining the following key concepts of the lesson:

  1. The importance of eating fresh fruits and vegetables daily by conducting a various read-aloud activities.
  2. Sorting fruits and vegetables by using picture cards or fresh fruits if available.
  3. Naming various local fruits and vegetables/finding out where we could get these fresh fruits and vegetables on Guam.
  4. Learning the CHamoru name of different fruits and vegetables produced on Guam.
  5. Learning the local name of different fruits and vegetables produced in one’s own island or country.
  6. Participating in various read-aloud activities to learn about different colors fruits and vegetables can be, and how they help our body in different ways.


  1. Sorting Activity: Hand out the picture cards of various fruits and vegetables to students. Have them categorize each picture under following headings: Fruits or Vegetables
  2. Completing review worksheets or by answering review questions asked after the read aloud activities
  3. What do you call this fruit or vegetable in your native language?
  4. Sorting Activity: Use the picture cards showing various fruits and vegetables. Have students categorize each picture under following headings: LOCAL or NOT
  5. Eating a Rainbow Chart – Family Project to conduct a class presentation

Check for Understanding

  1. Students will complete various projects/worksheets to display their understanding of the key concepts introduced in the lesson.
  2. Students will also answer various review questions.
  3. Teacher will conduct both informal and formal observations while students are participating in various assignments.


  1. Upon the completion of the “Family Project: Let’s Eat a Rainbow”, each student will  have an opportunity to present one’s own project to the class. The project will answer following two questions:
    • What fruits/vegetables are grown in one’s own island or country based on the colors provided?
    • What each fruit/vegetable is called in one’s own language?
  2. Students will discuss about the similarities and difference between vegetables and fruits grown in Guam and other islands/countries.

Preschool Growing Fruits & Vegetables Theme and Activities

On this page you’ll find preschool activities related to growing fruits & vegetables in the garden.
Use these ideas to help you plan your lessons!

Pre-K Printables Club Members

Club Members can download our Growing Fruits and Vegetables in the Garden activities and their
Growing Fruits and Vegetables Theme planning Guide for free!
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Growing Fruits & Vegetables in the Garden Theme Map

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Suggested Fruit and Vegetable Items to add to your Art & Creativity Space this Week

Consider adding Fruit & Vegetable Magazine Clippings, and Stamps to your Art Space this week.
Fruit Markers make a fun addition as well. ​Provide heavy card stock and encourage preschoolers to cut fruit or veggie shapes out. 

Bottle Cap Grapes
Use recycled materials to create art! You can create grapes (and other fruit) by using this fun stamping technique. Try this bottle cap grapes tutorial from Pre-K Printable Fun!
Try this!
Potato Stamping
Create art using vegetables!
Use a potato to make stamps
Another fun idea is to use celery leaves for painting or bottoms for stamping
Try this!

Seed Rolling

Save large seeds or pits from fruit to use with for painting. 
This is the same as painting with marbles. Place a piece of paper in a container with a flat bottom such as a cardboard lid or cake pan. Add a few drops of paints and then the seeds, encourage children to tilt the tray back and forth to make a print. 

Modeling Clay Fruit and Vegetables

Use modeling clay to create your favorite fruit and vegetables. Air Dry clay is a great option for this project.

Fruit & Veggie Seed Mosaics

Supply a variety of seeds for children to create mosaics with.
This is a great activity to try after conducting your fruit investigation.

Healthy Fruit & Veggie Snack

This week is a great time to try something new to eat! Provide an assortment of fresh fruits and
vegetables for the children to try for snack this week.

Fruit PhotographyReview famous art inspired by fruit! Set up a “photography studio” with digital cameras (check with families in advance they may have some to donate), along with fruit (real or faux), baskets, and child friendly fruit bowls. Encourage students to arrange the fruit, and photograph them. Print your student photographs and display them in the photography studio. This also provides a great opportunity for using positional phrases: “I see in your photo you placed the banana next to the apple, I see you put the grapes on top of the other fruit”.
*Create a Farmers MarketCreate a Farmer’s Market in your Dramatic Space this week. Add pretend Fruits & Vegetables, Baskets, Shopping Bags, a Scale, Signs and play money to your space. Reader Cheryl V. set up this adorable Farmer’s Market space using our Farmer’s Market Dramatic Play Pack. Take a closer look at this set here.  Buy this product!
Build a Pretend GardenReader Erica P. created this fabulous DIY Garden. She used a large box, pool noodles, Fabric, and Border. For your space you can also add: Gardening Tools, Gloves, watering cans, laminated seeds packsErica’s Educare Learning Center
Make a Pie StandDo your littles have a love of baking? Transform your Dramatic Play Space into a Pie Stand!
The Pie Stand Dramatic Play Pack has all the signs and props you need to create a pie stand. 
Buy this Product!

Canning your Fruits & Vegetables

Canning is a way to preserve foods. Provide your students with plastic jars, tongs, and pots, oven mitts, and pretend play food to can. Felt food works great for this (they are easier to squish in side the jars).


Build a Small world Play Garden

Add materials to build a pretend garden in your construction space this week. Provide pretend fruits and veggies, brown felt, green felt, containers, craft stick garden beds, and small garden tools. Lincoln logs, are another great option for building miniature gardens.

Build a Garden Box Outside

Plan to build a real garden box with children.
Create a plan on paper and then work together to build it. Follow up by planting veggies and fruit in it. 

Pattern Block Fruit & Vegetables

Use pattern blocks to build Fruit & Vegetables. Provide plenty of inspiration such as real photos and books featuring fruits and vegetables.


Fruit and Vegetable Silly Rhymes

Come up with words that rhyme with your favorite fruits and vegetables. Pear/Bear, Hairy/Berry

Fruit & Vegetable First Sounds Clip Cards*
Practice recognizing letters and phonics with these first our Growing Fruits and Vegetables Activity pack. ​
Buy this product!

Vegetable story and Discussion

The Vegetables We Eat by Gail Gibbons is a book that describes all different types of vegetables, what type of vegetables they are and how they grow. There are many opportunities for recall and discussion after listening to this book! Watch the Read Aloud on YouTube here!
What is your favorite way to grow vegetables?
What kind of vegetables from the book do you like?
Did you learn about any new vegetables? Which ones would you like to try?

Vegetable Garden Letter Matching*
Practice matching uppercase letters to lowercase letters with this flip and find letter game Included in the Pre-K Printable Fun Growing Fruits and Vegetables Activity pack.
**For added enrichment, try adding the letter cards to a sensory table filled with dry black beans. Children can find them in the bin and then place them on the mat.   ​​
Buy this activity!

Build your name with Seeds

Use seeds to build your name.

My Garden Finger play

Watch this video on YouTube to Learn this finger play to share with your preschoolers during circle time. Easily change the words to “vegetable seeds” or leave as is. 

Be A Seed Rhyme

Be a seed is a fun spring rhyme for circle time.

Free Fruit & Vegetable Photo Cards*
This set of free Fruit and Vegetable photos cards can be used in a variety of ways to support early literacy. Use them to teach new fruit and vegetables, sort them, or combine them with your favorite games (like our Fruit and Veggie Pick Up activity).
Download this activity for free!

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Anywhere Farm by Phyllis Root and G. Brian Karas
My Garden by Kevin Henkes
The Fruits We Eat by Gail Gibbons
The Vegetables We Eat by Gail Gibbons
Soup Day: A Board Book by Melissa Iwai
Eating the Alphabet by Lois Elhert
The Carrot Seed by Ruth Krauss

Garden Glove and Watering Can Color Matching*
Practice color matching with this fun garden themed file folder game, included in the Pre-K Printable Fun Growing Fruits and Vegetables Activity pack.  Match-up the watering cans to the same color gardening gloves.
Buy this activity!
Blueberry Counting*
Use the blueberry pie mat and included blueberry counters, or add blue pom poms, to practice number recognition and counting! As a bonus, use tweezers to transfer the pom poms for fine motor development.
Buy this activity!
Sort Strawberries by size*
Practice sorting items by size. Purchase a container of strawberries (or pick them from your garden) and practice sorting by small, medium, and large. Your can also use this printable included in our Growing Fruit & Vegetables activity pack to sort your berries by size!
Buy this activity!

Weigh your Fruit & Vegetable

Gather some of your favorite fruit and vegetables, and a kitchen scale.
Practice measuring your produce! Which weighs the most, and the least?

Sort your vegetables by Length

Purchase or pick vegetables from your garden and practice sorting them by length
(shortest to longest, and longest to shortest)

Sorting SeedsCut any fruits or veggies you have on hand to observe the seeds inside. You can sort the seeds by size, texture, where the seed is located, etc. ​

How Does it Grow Sorting*
Fruits and vegetables come from all kinds of different plants. Explore some of the types of plants that different fruits & vegetables grow on with this file folder game. Included in the Pre-K Printable Fun Growing Fruits and Vegetables Activity pack. ​
Buy this activity!
Investigate Seeds
Take a closer look at the seeds that can be found in different fruits. Some are on the outside, and some are on the inside. Some are big, and some are small!
Watch Bean Plants SproutStart some Lima bean seeds in a plastic baggie with wet cotton balls. Tape the bags to a window for light and to observe growth. 
When the seeds sprout, remove from the bag and examine the parts of the plant. 
Transfer to a container with some soil for children to take home and plant or transfer to your preschool garden. 

Plan and Start a Garden
Learning how to plan is an important skill for preschoolers. When preschoolers engage in activities that teach planning they are building a solid foundation for success in school and in life.  Planning a garden with your preschooler can be a fun way to introduce planning.  You can use the My Garden Plan Learn Plan and Build activity pack to plan out your garden and facilitate discussion about gardening. 
Sheena W. of Building Blocks submitted these photos of her garden. She grows zucchini each year, the children help water the garden, observe growth, and help harvest. 
Start a Garden with the Children! If you are short on yard space consider a Re-usable Grow Bag .
This fun Garden was shared by our reader Christie Iof Gananda Family Daycare.
Photo Credit: Gananda Family Daycare
Our reader Candasa C. shared this lovely image of
Scarlett runner beans she has climbing against her fence.
Photo Credit: Candasa Crumb

Blooming Fruit Walk
Take a nature walk around the yard and look for blooms on your Fruit Trees.
These beautiful Apple blossoms belong to reader Carolyn K.
Carolyn Kropp.

Investigate your Favorite Fruit
Explore Kiwi! Record your findings using our free  free anatomy of a Kiwi  investigation form.
Try this activity for free!
Lemon Science InvestigationTry out this Lemon Fizz Experiment with your preschoolers to work on the Scientific Process.

Fruit and Vegetable Washing Station

Set up a wash station with water and scrub brushes. Children can wash fruit or veggies for snack or practice with lemons, limes, and oranges. Then use these to make a yummy juice or smoothie. 
Use this activity to talk about the importance of washing produce before consuming. 

Fruit & Vegetable Sensory Table Ideas

In the sensory table this week place pretend or printed & laminated fruits and veggies. 

  • Dry black beans (as soil)
  • Dirt
  • Water (wash fruit and veggies, supply scrub brush)
  • Dry coffee grounds (you can get used coffee grounds for free from some coffee shops)
  • Shredded newspaper

Make Fruit Scented Play Dough

Natural Fruit play dough is an amazing sensory experience. Add scent and texture to your favorite no cook play dough recipe by folding in fruit zest, and juice! Some fruits that work great for this experience include orange, lime, lemon, and berries. Play dough is also a great fine motor workout-BONUS!Try this!
Dissect a Bean SeedSoak beans in water for at least a few hours. Dissect a bean by first removing its outer skin, then splitting open to examine the inside. At each stage, stop and talk with the children about what they observe. ​
Grow Seeds in a Jar You will need:
-Clear glass jar with lid
-Potting soil
-Seeds of choice

​ Place a small amount of soil in the jar. Make a small hole in the middle of the soil and deposit the seeds in the hole. Spray with water just to moisten. Place the lid in the jar to serve as a greenhouse just until the seed has sprouted. Continue to water and keep soil moist. Once the seedling has reached the top of the jar you can lead the lid off. Continue to water and enjoy your new plant!

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