Types Of Fruits With Pictures And Names are typically sweet, fleshy and edible. The flesh is often used as food, but in some fruits such as tamarind the edible part is the tangy pulp around the seeds. Most fruits do not contain vitamin C, but those that do are from the citrus family, such as oranges and lemons. There are many types of fruits, each with their own distinctive tastes, textures and colors. Here is a list of types of fruits with pictures and names.
Useful Fruit Names in English with Pictures
English for fruits! List of several fruit varieties, including pictures and usage examples. Discover the names of these fruits to broaden your knowledge of fruits and veggies. This list of fruits, which is accompanied by eye-catching images, can also aid in your ability to acquire and retain new vocabulary.
You will need to know the names of fruits in the English language whether you are in the grocery store trying to identify your favorite fruit or whether you want to talk about what fruits you like or detest. Although there are several fruit names to learn, this does not make it a difficult assignment; with just a little bit of practice, you will soon be able to name any fruit in English!
Fruits are a form of nutritious food that develops on trees or other plants and typically has seeds. Fruits taste sweet because they contain natural sugars and are easy to eat since they are soft, dry, or meaty. Certain fruits, like apples and pears, have skins that can be eaten, but people typically avoid bananas, kiwis, and citrus fruits because of their skins. Fruits are said to be ripe when they are prepared for picking and consumption. Fruits are divided into a number of categories, including citrus, stone, exotic, melons, and berries.
List of Fruits
- Carambola(U.K) – starfruit (U.S)
Best Types of Fruits We Eat (Names and Pics)
Fruits are one of nature’s bountiful gifts to mankind. They are juicy, delicious and filled with nutritional goodness to help us enjoy a healthy and happy life. The interesting part about this food group? There are many types of fruits that come in a variety of shapes, sizes and flavours to tickle our taste buds and improve our physical and psychological well-being.
In this article, we shall delve deep into the subject of the different kinds of fruits, their properties and 25 most popularly consumed fruits across the world. Before you get ready to sink in your teeth into these delicious treats, you must read these interesting facts to appreciate these humble fruits even more!
What is a Fruit and Its Types?
A fruit is a product of the tree that bears seeds and is consumed as a food for its sweet, edible flesh. They can be eaten in a raw form as a whole or cooked into a stew, juiced, diced or even dried and frozen forms. Technically, even avocadoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, squash and other sweet-tasting vegetables can also be treated as fruits.
What are All the Different Types of Fruits?
Simple fruits are those which are developed from the single ovary or one pistil of a flower. They are further divided into dry and fleshy, where dry fruits can be dehiscent or indehiscent and fleshy ones can be semi pericarp or full.
- Examples of simple fruits include fleshy fruits like apples, cherries, plums or dry ones like hazelnuts, walnuts etc.
These types of fruits are developed from multiple ovaries of a single flower. They are categorized into follicles, achenes, drupelets, berries and also called compound fruits.
- Examples: Custard Apple, Raspberry, Blackberry etc.
These fruits are developed from a cluster of flowers, which merge to become one large fruit.
- Examples: Pineapple, Breadfruit, Figs, Mulberry etc.
Accessory fruits are also called pseudo fruits or false fruits, as the edible flesh is not only developed from the ovary of the flower, but also from a non-ovarian tissue residing adjacent to the carpel.
- Examples: Strawberry, Fig, Apple, Stone Fruit etc.
What are the Various Categories Of Fruits?
It is a simple, dry indehiscent fruit that is developed from a single ovary and has a thin and closed wall around the single seed.
- Examples: Strawberry, Sunflower Seeds (the actual edible part is technically a fruit), Buckwheat etc.
It is a fleshy fruit that contains many seeds inside and a soft or hard covering on the outside.
- Examples: Kiwi, Watermelon, Cranberries, Passion Fruit, Grapes, Papaya, Bananas and Tomatoes
It is a type of fruit that is seen in cereals and grasses and is a dry, single fruit in which the ovary wall joins the outer seed coating.
- Examples: Corn, Rice, Barley, Rye, Oats and other grassy plants
Also called the stone fruit, this variety of fruit belongs to the indehiscent type. It has a hard pit containing a seed present on the inside and surrounded by a soft, fleshy mass on the outside.
- Examples: Peach, Cherry, Coconut, Mango, Plum, Olive etc.
A legume is a dry, dehiscent fruit that is usually long in size and contains many seeds inside. These seeds are released when the fruit is split vertically along the two seams.
- Examples: Peas, Beans, Tamarind and Peanuts
A nut is technically a dry fruit, that has a hard, wood-like outer covering and is generally inedible. Inside this shell is an edible, single seed.
- Examples: Chestnuts, Hazelnuts, Acorns and Beechnuts
Different Types of Fruits and their Names with Pictures:
After that dose of botanical knowledge, we wanted to give you an insight into the characteristic properties of some of the common kinds of fruits with pictures and names:
Apples are the most popular fruit among the several fruit subcategories. An apple is a sweet, eatable fruit that grows on the Malus Domestica apple tree. It originated in Central Asia and has since spread to numerous nations that raise a wide range of apple types. These are fruits that are produced from blooms and contain numerous seeds, which are the only inedible portions of the fruit.
Apples are available in a variety of colors, including yellow, red, and green, and range in size from 2 to 4 inches in diameter. Apples can taste sweet or sour, depending on how acidic the fruit is. They are eaten in the form of pies, juices, whole fruits, chopped fruits, and various delicacies.
Banana is a tropical fruit, renowned for its nutritional goodness. It belongs to the Musaceae family and is botanically a berry, due to multiple seeds inside it. The fruit comes with an outer cover, which when peeled reveals a mushy, white flesh. Both the ripe and unripe varieties of fruits are edible, with sweet and starchy-tart tastes respectively.
Bananas are available easily in most countries and also one of the inexpensive fruits in the world. They are used for making chips, milkshakes, cakes and other culinary delights.
Mango, the “King of the fruits” is a drupe fruit that grows in tropical regions. It has yellow-coloured tangy pulp, with a unique flavour and fragrance. Mango belongs to the Anacardiaceae family and is available only in summers. Depending on the variety-the shape, colour, texture of pulp and the taste varies drastically. The unripe mango is very sour and as the fruit ripens, the sugar levels rise to add sweetness. Mangoes are rich in Vitamin C, antioxidants and other key nutrients, making it one of the most nutritional kinds of fruits on the planet.
Orange is a citrus fruit that is loaded with nutrients like Vitamin C. They are round in shape, with a greenish to orange color leathery, outer skin. When this layer is peeled, the fruit reveals small bean-shaped segments that have thin skins, juicy pulp and bitter seeds. It has a sour to sweet and tangy taste, depending on the stage of ripening.
Orange juice is a widely consumed health drink across the globe and even the whole fruit is equally popular. The peel is used as an aromatic agent in desserts and even in cosmetics for its skin-tightening properties.
Papaya is another tropical fruit that is native to Mexico and Central America. The scientific name of Papaya is Carica Papaya and is also called Paw Paw. It is a fairly large-sized fruit with orangish sweet pulp and many tiny, black seeds inside. Papaya fruits are usually cylindrical in shape and the size can go beyond 20 inches. These so called “exotic” type of fruits are now commonly seen in hot countries like India. Along with the mushy, ripe ones, Unripe papayas are also consumed in the form of salads and curries.
Watermelon is a popular summer fruit that can now enjoyed throughout the year, thanks to hybridization. It belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae and grows on a vine that usually crawls on the ground. The large-sized fruit is usually oval in shape with a hard, greenish outer cover, called rind and a red, juicy flesh with tiny, black seeds inside. Watermelon is composed of 92 percent water and significant amounts of Vitamins and antioxidants. It can be had as a cut fruit or in the form of refreshing juice.
Kiwi, also called the Chinese Gooseberry is originally from the Newzealand. It belongs to the family of Actinidiaceae and has a fuzzy, brown outer cover that resembles the brown feathers of a Kiwi bird. The inside consists of translucent green flesh that contains many black seeds. This pulp is sweet and mildly acidic, depending on the ripening stage.
Another surprising fact about Kiwi is that there are approximately 50 varieties of this fruit growing across the world, which come in different colors, characteristics and flavours. The popular among them are seedless kiwi, smooth kiwi, brown, red skin kiwi, golden yellow kiwi etc.
Grapes are one of the most widely grown types of fruits in the world, chiefly for the making of different wines. They belong to the Vitaceae and are known to be one of the oldest cultivated plants in the history of mankind. The fruits grow as clusters on vines and are usually sweet, sour or tangy. They can either be round or oval in shape and come as both seeded and seedless varieties. The commonly available colors of grapes are green, red and purple, which are consumed as whole fruits, in the form of juices or as fermented versions (wines).
Guava is a tropical variety of fruit that is native to Mexico, Central America and other warm countries. The common guava grows on a small tree that belongs to the Myrtaceae family and has either pink or white-coloured flesh. The outer skin is bitter tasting and thick, dark green for raw fruits and as the fruit ripens, the bitterness subsides. Inside, there is a sweet or sour-tasting pulp that contains tiny, edible seeds. Guava is consumed in the form of juice, cut fruit, whole fruit and also to blend it along with spirits in cocktails.
Pineapple is another popular type of fruit grown is many tropical countries and is originally from South America. Each pineapple is grown from many unpollinated flowers of the plant, making it a multiple fruit. Although the plant is perennial, it produces only fruit per season and after it is cut, the side shoots around the base are cultivated for future produce. The sharp, spiky outer skin and the “Crown” are inedible. Once chopped, the inner flesh can be consumed in the form of juice or cut fruit.
Different Types of Fruits along with Their Name and Picture
Fruits are the best source of vitamin A, vitamin C, and a few other minerals and are a great method to get some important nutrients. They are also regarded as the top dietary fiber sources.
Fresh fruits often have few calories since they have ample water and a small amount of fat in them. Yet, the addition of sugar will raise the calorie content of frozen foods. Although we typically describe fruits by their sweet or sour flavor, biologically speaking, fruits are a seed-bearing structure.
The various fruit varieties and their qualities will be covered in this article. You will value these fruits more once you have read the fascinating facts about them.
What is a Fruit?
The fruit is just a product of trees that bears the seed and can be consumed by all living beings. Some of them are sweet, while the others are sour. There are wide varieties of fruits available on the planet. Some of them can be eaten raw, while some can be eaten in frozen form. Some of the vegetables, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, squash, etc., are also treated as fruits.
Different Categories of Fruits: Introduction
Fruits are generally divided into some subcategories such as:
Achene is a dry fruit developed from a single ovary and consists of a thin wall around its seed. Strawberry, Sunflower Seeds, etc., are some of the examples of Achene.
Berries are the most popular types of fruits because of their delicious taste. They are also considered the healthiest food on the planet.
Berries are small juicy fruits with a sour, sweet, or tart taste depending on their categories. Strawberries, Blueberries, Raspberry, etc., are some of the examples of Berries.
Berries are very healthy because they are packed up with a lot of antioxidants in a small package.
Pomes are those fruits that have a hard covering around their seed. Apples and Pears are examples of Pome fruits.
The main characteristic of this category of fruits is its central core, which surrounds the seed.
Caryopsis is a type of fruit mostly seen in cereals; it is the single fruit in the walls of the ovaries joined to the outer seed covering.
Corn, Rice, Rye, Oats, etc., are some of Caryopsis Fruits’ most common types.
Drupes are those kinds of fruits with a single seed only and are surrounded by a hard layer. Drupes are generally sweet, juicy fruits, and they are also a rich source of vitamins, minerals, and fibers.
Mangoes, apricots, cherries, plums, etc., are different examples of Drupes.
Legumes are generally long sized fruits and contain many seeds inside them. These seeds are released when the fruit is peeled along.
Peas, Beans, Peanuts, etc., are some different examples of Legumes.
A Nut is considered a dry fruit with a tough outer covering, and inside the hard shell, there is a single edible seed.
Chestnuts, Hazelnuts, Acorns, etc., are some different examples of Nuts.
Citrus fruits are also considered as a variety of berries. They come in different colors ranging from yellow to orange. Their segments are filled with tiny liquid-filled carpels that contain citrus juice.
The protective covering around the citrus fruits is also very beneficial. It contains volatile oil, which is mostly used in making essential oils.
Lemon, Lime, Pomelo, etc., are different examples of Citrus Fruits.
Pepos are large fruits that have multiple seeds inside them. Most of the pepo’s fruits are also considered vegetables such as cucumbers, pumpkins, squash, etc.
List of Types of Fruits to Eat:
Apple, also known as Malus Domestica, is a juicy and delicious fruit. It mainly originates in Central Asia, but now they are spreading to various other parts, which results in multiple varieties of apple fruits.
Apple is grown from flowers first and contains multiple seeds inside itself. Only the edible part is considered as the fruit.
They can grow to a maximum of 4 inches and come in different colors such as yellow, red, and green. The taste mainly depends upon its acidity level. You can consume them as the whole fruit or as other desserts.
The Banana is considered a tropical fruit that is famous for a lot of nutrition. It generally belongs to the Musaceae family, and it has multiple seeds inside it.
Banana comes with an outer, yellow-colored covering, which after peeling reveals the edible part. The fun fact with bananas is that both ripe and unripe varieties can be edible.
Bananas are readily available anywhere in the country and are very inexpensive too. They are also used for making chips, cakes, and desserts.
Mango, also known as Mangifera Indica, is considered the king of fruits and mostly grows in tropical areas. It consists of a yellow-colored pulp, which has a delightful taste. Mango belongs to the Anacardiaceae family and is only available in the summer season. Depending on the variety of mango, their taste also differs, such as the unripe mango tastes sour while the fully ripe mango tastes very sweet.
Mangoes are beneficial because they are rich in vitamin C and various other antioxidants. That is why it is considered the most nutritional kind of fruit.
Orange comes in the category of Citrus fruits and is fully loaded with vitamin C. They are mostly round, and they have an outer covering of green or yellow color. After peeling the outer layer, there are bean-shaped edible fruits that have juicy pulp and a mixture of a sweet and sour taste. The taste also depends upon the stage of ripening.
This fruit is very beneficial as its juice can be used as a health drink worldwide. Its outer peel can also be used as an aromatic agent and in cosmetics.
Papaya is another trendy fruit that comes in tropical fruits and can be mainly found in Mexico and Central America. The scientific name of Papaya is Carica Papaya or Paw Paw. Papaya is enormous and has a sweet pulp and numerous black colored seeds inside it.
They are usually cylindrical, and they can maximum grow up to a size of 20 inches. They are mostly seen in hot countries. Both the ripe and unripe variety of papaya are edible.
Watermelon is a trendy fruit that is available only in summer. It belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae and usually grows on a vine and crawls on the ground. They are mostly oval with a green colored outer covering. Inside the hard outer covering, there is a juicy red flesh along with the black seed.
Watermelons are very rich in water, almost 92 percent, and rich in other nutrients such as vitamins and antioxidants. It can be eaten as cut fruit or in the form of juice.
Kiwi, also known as Chinese Gooseberry, was initially found in New Zealand. They belong to the family of Actinidiaceae and have a brown colored outer cover that resembles the feather of a kiwi bird. After peeling the outer cover, there is a green-colored flesh along with many black colored seeds. The taste of kiwi fruit is delightful and sometimes acidic.
There are more than 50 varieties of the Kiwi fruit which are growing all around the world. Some of them are seedless kiwi, red skin kiwi, yellow kiwi, etc.
Grapes are also one of the most popular types of fruits which are chiefly used in making wines. They belong to the family of Vitaceae and grow in clusters. Their taste is usually sweet or sour.
Grapes are mostly round or oval. They are mostly available in green, red, and purple colors. It can be consumed as fruits as well as in the form of juice.
Guava is considered a tropical fruit and is mostly found in Mexico and other warm countries. They grow on trees and belong to the Myrtaceae family. Their outer skin is thick and dark green colored. Inside it, there is a white-colored flesh. They also contain numerous seeds inside them that are edible.
Guava can be consumed in the form of fruit as well as juice. It can also be served with cocktails.
Pineapple is a trendy fruit that grows mainly in tropical countries. They mainly grow from unpollinated flowers. The crown’s outer covering is inedible, and the inner flesh can be consumed in the raw form or the form of juice.