What Should I Eat In A Day


What Should I Eat In A Day?: When deciding what to eat in a day, a good place to start is by assessing the kind of body you want. Your diet doesn’t need to be complicated, and it’s all about striking a balance between your macronutrients: protein, fat, and carbohydrates. By maintaining a good balance, you can get all your nutrients required to be healthy.

How to Eat a Healthy Diet

In order to keep yourself in the best shape possible, it’s essential to eat a healthy diet. Find out exactly what you should be eating on a regular basis.

If you are what you eat, it follows that you want to stick to a healthy diet that’s well balanced. “You want to eat a variety of foods,” says Stephen Bickston, MD, AGAF, professor of internal medicine and director of the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center at Virginia Commonwealth University Health Center in Richmond. “You don’t want to be overly restrictive of any one food group or eat too much of another.”

Healthy Diet: The Building Blocks

The best source of meal planning for most Americans is the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Food Pyramid. The pyramid, updated in 2005, suggests that for a healthy diet each day you should eat:

  • 6 to 8 servings of grains. These include bread, cereal, rice, and pasta, and at least 3 servings should be from whole grains. A serving of bread is one slice while a serving of cereal is 1/2 (cooked) to 1 cup (ready-to-eat). A serving of rice or pasta is 1/2 cup cooked (1 ounce dry). Save fat-laden baked goods such as croissants, muffins, and donuts for an occasional treat.
  • 2 to 4 servings of fruits and 4 to 6 servings of vegetables. Most fruits and vegetables are naturally low in fat, making them a great addition to your healthy diet. Fruits and vegetables also provide the fiber, vitamins, and minerals you need for your body’s systems to function at peak performance. Fruits and vegetables also will add flavor to a healthy diet. It’s best to serve them fresh, steamed, or cut up in salads. Be sure to skip the calorie-laden toppings, butter, and mayonnaise, except on occasion. A serving of raw or cooked vegetables is equal to 1/2 cup (1 cup for leafy greens); a serving of a fruit is 1/2 cup or a fresh fruit the size of a tennis ball.
  • 2 to 3 servings of milk, yogurt, and cheese. Choose dairy products wisely. Go for fat-free or reduced-fat milk or cheeses. Substitute yogurt for sour cream in many recipes and no one will notice the difference. A serving of dairy is equal to 1 cup of milk or yogurt or 1.5 to 2 ounces of cheese.
  • 2 to 3 servings of meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts. For a healthy diet, the best ways to prepare beef, pork, veal, lamb, poultry, and fish is to bake or broil them. Look for the words “loin” or “round” in cuts of meats because they’re the leanest. Remove all visible fat or skin before cooking, and season with herbs, spices, and fat-free marinades. A serving of meat, fish, or poultry is 2 to 3 ounces. Some crossover foods such as dried beans, lentils, and peanut butter can provide protein without the animal fat and cholesterol you get from meats. A ¼ cup cooked beans or 1 tablespoon of peanut butter is equal to 1 ounce of lean meat.
  • Use fats, oils, and sweets sparingly. No diet should totally eliminate any one food group, even fats, oils, and sweets. It’s fine to include them in your diet as long as it’s on occasion and in moderation, Bickston says.

Healthy Diet: Eat Right and the Right Amount

How many calories you need in a day depends on your sex, age, body type, and how active you are. Generally, active children ages 2 to 8 need between 1,400 and 2,000 calories a day. Active teenage girls and women can consume about 2,200 calories a day without gaining weight. Teenage boys and men who are very active should consume about 3,000 calories a day to maintain their weight. If you’re not active, you calorie needs drop by 400 to 600 calories a day.

The best way to know how much to eat is to listen to your body, says Donald Novey, MD, an integrative medicine physician with the Advocate Medical Group in Park Ridge, Ill. “Pull away from the table when you’re comfortable but not yet full. Wait about 20 minutes,” he says. “Usually your body says, ‘That’s good.’ If you’re still hungry after that, you might want to eat a little more.”

This Is What a Perfect Day of Eating Looks Like, According to Dietitians

oatmeal porridge with ripe berries

No matter how regimented you are with your diet or hard you work to meal prep, sometimes your day can take an unexpected turn and all of a sudden you have five meetings on your calendar, or have to rush home to pick up your sick kid from school. While it’s totally okay to eat the donut or enjoy a Friday night pizza every now and then, it’s never a bad idea to equip yourself with healthy eating strategies to ensure that, for the most part, you’re staying energized and that your metabolism continues humming throughout the day. Some basic rules to follow are:

Have a meal or small snack every three to four hours. This fuels your metabolism and helps prevent binges and blood sugar crashes.

Combine protein and fiber at every meal. When eaten together, these foods take longer to digest than simpler carbohydrates, so you stay fuller, longer.

Get up, move around, and drink water often. Staying active will help boost your metabolism and ensure you’re burning calories to maintain weight loss. But the recommended daily calorie intake varies from person to person (from about 1,550 to 2,100), so if you’re active you can go toward the higher end of the range.

Finally, remember that even a healthy day of eating isn’t healthy if you eat the exact same things over and over again. Use the principles outlined here to mix and match your own delicious, good-for-you meals.


6:30 to 7 a.m.: Wake up drink a glass of lemon water.

Fresh water with lemon and mint

“Before you put coffee, tea, or food into your body, it’s best to first break your fast with a glass of water with lemon,” says Ashley Koff, RD, a registered dietitian based in Washington, D.C.

When you sleep, Koff says your body isn’t just abstaining from food but from water, too. “Because many vitamins are water-soluble, having a glass before you eat will help your body better absorb nutrients from food,” she explains. The acidity of the lemon helps rebalance your digestive tract by making it alkaline, allowing “good” bacteria in your intestines to thrive and facilitate optimal nutrient absorption.


7 a.m.: Go for a short walk.

Woman walking with dog in early Sunday morning in London

This point in the morning is your ideal fat-burning window, says Koff. A light bout of cardio soon after you wake up and before you eat—a 20-minute walk with the dog, jumping jacks, or running up and down stairs in your home—taps into your body’s energy reserves. “I don’t mean a two-hour hike or an intense 45-minute spin class on an empty stomach,” she says. The idea is to fit in some easy activity and try to eat within an hour or so of waking up.


7:30 a.m.: Eat breakfast.

Oatmeal porridge with fresh berries in a bowl

Oatmeal is one of the best foods you can enjoy for breakfast. It’s high in fiber and has a decent amount of protein to keep your hunger levels in check.

“Your body digests the fiber slowly, so you stay full for a couple of hours,” says Brooke Alpert, MS, RD, founder of B Nutritious, a private nutrition counseling practice in New York City.

Enjoy one-half cup of oats with fresh fruit, or prep overnight oats for a delicious, pudding-like texture. For protein, add a glass of fat-free milk, yogurt, or a hard-boiled egg. Topping your oats with some nuts, like almonds or walnuts, adds some healthy fats and a satisfying crunch, too. For fruit, Alpert recommends one-half cup of mixed berries for vitamins and antioxidants and more fiber. Whatever you do, don’t just sip coffee all morning and wait to eat until lunch, says Alpert. “You’ll be so hungry, you won’t make healthy choices.”

Calorie estimate: Aim to get 300 to 400 calories


9 a.m.: Drink another glass of water.

Exhausted woman drinking water in locker room after sports training.

You know you’re supposed to drink multiple glasses of water a day. But it’s better to sip a little water all day long instead of chugging a giant glass when you suddenly feel parched. “If your tongue feels dry to the touch or your pee is bright yellow, you’re dehydrated,” says Alpert.


10 a.m.: Stretch and walk.

Mixed race businesswoman stretching at desk

Get up, stretch, and stroll every hour to hour-and-a-half, says Heidi Skolnik, MS, CDN, a nutritionist at the Women’s Sports Medicine Center at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York. Walk over to a co-worker’s desk instead of shooting off an email or sending a message via Slack, or take the stairs when you head to another floor in your office.


10:30 to 11 a.m.: Have a small snack.

Bowl of dried fruits, pistachios, cashew nuts and almonds

It’s best to eat every three to four hours to keep your energy up and avoid big mealtime binges. For fiber and protein, try an apple with a string cheese or a handful of nuts (especially if you didn’t have them at breakfast). “Everyone should have an apple in her desk drawer,” says Alpert. “They’re the perfect take-along snack—they don’t bruise in your purse and they’re easy to eat anywhere.” Greek yogurt with some berries is also a great option.

Just remember to sit whenever you eat, says Koff. Take small bites and try to drag out your snack for as long as possible, ideally 10 to 15 minutes. Research shows that the more chewing you do, the more nutrients your body absorbs.

Calorie estimate: 150 to 300 calories


11:30 a.m. to noon: Take any vitamins and stretch.

This will make me feel better

Finish your glass of water, refill it, and take your multivitamin. “I recommend clients take their multi-vitamin shortly before lunch because the B vitamins and certain minerals help your body utilize carbs so you have more post-meal energy,” says Koff. Then, get up and stretch at your desk. Staying active will keep your energy up, so you’re not tempted to snack out of boredom or fatigue. Plus, some movement before lunch jump-starts your digestive system, Koff says.


1 to 1:30 p.m.: Eat lunch.

Businesswoman having lunch outdoors, partial view

Making time to eat your lunch away from your computer will help you savor every bite of your meal. Here’s how to build a better salad that’ll fill you up: Start with dark, leafy greens and pile them high with a mix of colorful veggies, protein, and good-for-you fats. Add tomatoes, carrots, peppers, and mushrooms for a healthy combo of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. For satisfying healthy fats and lean protein, consider topping your salad with 1/4 cup of avocado and 1/2 cup of tuna fish, grilled chicken, turkey, beans, or lentils.

“Get adventurous with different veggies every day,” Alpert says. “The more color and variety, the better.” Just be sure to have the dressing on the side to avoid your salad drowning in it. You also want to choose a light version or an olive oil-based one. “You want some fat in your salad because it helps your body digest fat-soluble vitamins like A, D, E, and K,” says Skolnick. As always, wash your meal down with water.

If you want, have a slice of whole-grain bread on the side. “People love bread,” says Alpert. “If you’ll feel deprived without it, I’d rather you have the 100 or so calories here than risk going overboard later.”

Calorie estimate: 400 to 500 calories


2 p.m.: Drink more water and go for a walk.

Mixed Race woman walking on city sidewalk

Step away from your computer for a quick break and go for a walk. Squeezing in some steps during this time of the day will help you make a sensible choice when those 4 o’clock cravings strike. “Get outside if you can, especially if you didn’t go out for lunch,” says Koff. “The fresh air and sunshine will boost your spirits and stop you from overeating because of a bad mood.”


3:30 to 4 p.m.: Have an afternoon snack.

Yogurt berries granola outside

Welcome to the witching hour: Almost everyone needs to snack between lunch and dinner, says Alpert. For a fiber-protein mix, try a 6-ounce yogurt and a handful of high-fiber cereal. Or, have a banana with a tablespoon of natural peanut or almond butter.

Koff says having an ounce of dark chocolate (70% cacao) is also a good choice. It’s packed with polyphenols, a type of antioxidant shown to help lower blood pressure, keep your brain sharp, and more.

But don’t force it if you’re not hungry for a snack, especially if you had a big lunch. If you plan to hit the gym after work, you may want to eat more or save some of your snack until after your workout.

Calorie estimate: 150 to 250 calories


6 to 7 p.m.: Do a “pre-dinner” activity.

Smiling sportswoman checking her smart watch

If you didn’t walk in the morning, now is a good time to squeeze in some exercise. “When you’re home waiting before dinner is when the munchies happen,” says Alpert. She recommends some kind of regular pre-dinner activity to all of her clients, whether it’s just circling your block a couple of times or going to the gym.

“When you have something scheduled, you’re less likely to float in and out of the kitchen.” It’s also a smart to try to include walking in your commute. If you drive to work, pick a far-away parking spot, says Alpert. Or, take a train or bus and hop off a stop earlier than your usual and hoof it the rest of the way.


7:30 p.m.: Make dinner.

Black rice, salmon and broccolini

Our experts recommend starting your meal off with soup. Have a cup of a low-fat, broth-based kind, like minestrone, miso, or gazpacho. Research has shown that people who eat soup as the first course end up eating less overall at a meal. For the main dish, “I’d like to see 3 or 4 ounces of grilled wild salmon because it has lean protein and provides healthy omega-3 fats,” says Alpert. Add cooked vegetables like sautéed broccoli or spinach and 1/2 cup of brown rice.

For a non-fish option, try turkey meatballs (roll in some whole oats for extra fiber and spices for antioxidants) over a bed of spaghetti squash, which has the texture of pasta but counts as a veggie serving. Use 1/2 cup of tomato sauce, and sprinkle a handful of pine nuts on top for crunchy texture. Have a glass of water with dinner. A 4-ounce glass of wine with dinner is fine from time to time, too.

Calorie estimate: 400 to 500 calories


9:30 p.m.: Enjoy dessert.

Close-Up Of Apple Slices With Peanut Butter On Table

Wait an hour or so after dinner for enjoying a nighttime snack or dessert. You don’t have to strictly follow the fiber-protein rule, but it should be more than just empty calories. A few options: A tablespoon of dark chocolate drizzled over 1/2 cup of berries, apple slices with honey or nut butter, or orange juice ice pops.

Calorie estimate: 100 to 150 calories

10:30 to 11 p.m.: Go to bed.

Do not disturb

Aim to get seven to eight hours of sleep a night. Anything less than that increases your risk for a host of health problems, including weight gain, diabetes, high blood pressure, and more.

Not to mention, being sleep deprived will make you feel more tired, frazzled, and likely to overeat the next day. Drink another glass of water shortly before bed, and give yourself plenty of time to wind down with a calming routine, such as taking a relaxing bath or reading in bed. If you have trouble sleeping, try one of these simple sleep strategies.

How many calories do you need?

A calorie is a unit of measurement that describes how much energy is released when your body breaks down food. Although calorie count alone does not dictate whether a food is nutritious, thinking about how many calories you need can guide healthy eating habits. If you are over age 60 and you want to maintain your current weight, how many calories do you need to eat each day? The Dietary Guidelines suggest:

For a WomanCalories
Not physically active1,600
Moderately active1,800
Active lifestyle2,000-2,200
For a ManCalories
Not physically active2,000-2,200
Moderately active2,200-2,400
Active lifestyle2,400-2,600

Unsure which activity category you’re in? Consult the Dietary Guidelines for definitions of each level. You can increase your physical activity level by adding walking, jogging, dancing, recreational sports, and other similar approaches to your day.

Serving and portion sizes

A “serving size” is a standard amount of a food, such as a cup or an ounce. Serving sizes can help you when choosing foods and when comparing similar items while shopping, but they are not recommendations for how much of a certain food to eat.colorful measuring cups

The term “portion” means how much of a food you are served or how much you eat. A portion size can vary from meal to meal. For example, at home you may serve yourself two small pancakes in one portion, but at a restaurant, you may get a stack of four pancakes as one portion. A portion size may also be bigger than a serving size. For example, the serving size on the nutrition label for your favorite cereal may be 1 cup, but you may actually pour yourself 1½ cups in a bowl.

Portion size can be a problem when eating out. To keep your portion sizes under control, try ordering smaller appetizers instead of an entrée as your meal, or share an entrée with a friend. Or eat just one-half of an entrée and take the rest home to enjoy as a meal the next day.

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