Beef Roasts In Order Of Tenderness


Here is a list of beef roasts in order of tenderness. This will make cooking that prime rib much easier.

The next time you are wondering what to have for dinner, this post will be great for you! The tenderness of beef roasts can be determined by a number of factors, including cut, cooking method and age/grade. In this article, we will cover the top 3 beef roasts, as well as the bottom 3 beef roasts.

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What Is a Good Tender Roast?

Roast beef on cutting board. Wooden background. Close up

The most tender oven roasts are those with plenty of fat marbling and come from the least-exercised parts of the cow.

Sunday meals with the family, dinner parties, cooking for a loved one on a romantic evening — a good roast serves as the centerpiece of a meaningful meal. But with the various types of cuts available, arming yourself with knowledge of the best roast cut can take your cooking up a notch.


The most tender oven roasts are those that have plenty of fat marbling and come from the least-exercised parts of the cow.

Choosing a Good Roast

The best roasts typically come with the most expensive price tags and heavy amounts of fat marbling. To purchase a good roast, the following tips can help you shop for top-quality meat:

  • Look for the right cuts. According to the USDA, cuts from the minimally used part of the animal, which include the tenderloin, rib, front end and forequarter, always offer the most tenderness. Because they only make up a small portion of the entire animal, they stay in demand and can command a premium price.
  • The rib section of the cow produces the most tender, and often the most flavorful, roasts. When shopping, look for the first cut, second cut and ribeye.
  • The first cut, also known as prime rib, loin end, or small end, is the most flavorful.
  • The second cut, which comes from the ribs’ large end, is as tender as the prime rib cut, but it is slightly less tasty.
  • The short loin (also known as tenderloin), which sits behind the ribs and in front of the sirloin, also contains tender, savory meat. Like the roasts from the rib section, tenderloin retains most of its tenderness whether cooked to medium-rare, medium, or well-done.

Cooking Tips for Roasts

For beginner chefs, cooking meat can often feel intimating. To get started, follow these tips to not waste meat, cook your protein in a healthy way and stay on budget:

For a rib roast, you should cook at least 1/2 pound per person and buy it at least two ribs thick, per the USDA.

The ribeye, the meaty, boneless heart of the standing rib, offers slightly less tenderness and a savory taste than other rib cuts. For a rib eye roast, you should allow for at least a third of a pound per person, according to the USDA.

Keep it low fat, if desired. If eating healthy is a high priority for you, consider braising a leaner cut of beef, such as a top or bottom round roast, to make a tender and flavorful pot roast. Meat that comes from the chuck portion of the cow contains plenty of well-exercised muscle and connective tissue that creates toughness. When braised over low temperatures for a long period of time, however, the beef becomes tender. When cooking, you should allow for at least one-third of a pound per person, per the USDA.

Make a pot roast with a cheaper cut. According to the USDA, the best roast for pot roast is a shoulder arm, which is a less pricey cut. You can either braise the shoulder arm for two to three hours or cook it over low temperatures in a slow cooker. You can also add vegetables for a well-rounded dish. As an added bonus, according to an October 2015 study from the Iranian Journal of Public Health, the intake of vegetables can reduce the risk of chronic diseases and help manage body weight.

 Different Types Of Beef Roasts With Images

Beef does not taste so good but it also has a lot of health benefits we can get by eating Beef. It is perhaps one of the most popular meals for any special occasion. The rich and savory taste that you can get in eating beef, and one of the most popular ways to make it taste and even look better on every table is by means of roasting the beef. Most of us think that roasting isn’t just roasting the beef. There are many ways to just roast the beef. So today, in this guide we will be talking about the different types of beef roasts and some of the best beef cuts that you can choose for your beef roast. Read on below to know more.

Types Of Beef Roasts

Beef cuts are categorized into three: Primal, Subprimal, and retail. Butchers at the butcher shop usually cut primal parts into smaller sections which are known as the other category which is subprimal. The process continues and then is placed on the meat counter for retail.

Different Primal Cuts of Beef

Before we proceed with the different types of Beef roast, let us first talk about the different varieties of beef cut that we should all know about:

  • Chuck (Neck and Shoulder)
  • Rib (rib area)
  • Brisket (Chest)
  • Loin (Sirloin, Top Sirloin and bottom sirloin)
  • Flank (Abdomen)
  • Round (Back end)
  • Shank (Thigh)
  • Plate (Belly)

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Beef Brisket

Brisket is a type of meat cut taken from the lower chest or the breast of the beef. Beef brisket is one of the different cuts of beef. It is located at the best portion of the cow, just below the neck and its shoulder. Brisket is rich in fat and tough or heavy since it is present on the shoulder part. It is that part where it gets from walking as a form of exercise.

If you love to barbecue, you’ll love this one. It is the best way to cook Beef Brisket pot roast is low and slow cooking and roasting. Also, Brisket is the cut used to make the famous corned beef. Though roasting brisket is perhaps the most common and popular way of cooking.

Tri-Tip Roast

Tri-Tip roast that is cut triangular at the muscle located just below the bottom sirloin. It is also known by different names such as Santa Maria Steak, Newport steak, and Triangle tip. Tri-Tip roast is known as Triangle Steak. It is called tri-tip because of how it is cut.

When Tri-Tip is cooked the correct way you’ll be getting a mild and juicy beef roast.

If you want Tri-tip to be a tender roast, you need to marinate it first in the refrigerator overnight. Make sure it is uncovered.

Most of the time, grilled Tri-Tip is preferred but roasting Tri-Tip is also a great choice

Chuck Roast

Chuck Roast is a cut from the neck and shoulder region of the cow. It is also known as shoulder steak, boneless chuck roast and chuck shoulder roast. Similar to brisket, Chuck roast tends to be also juicer since this is the part where the muscles are more used up and have been doing a lot of exercises.

This cut is also used in making hamburgers however it is more commonly used for an excellent pot roast and stew.

Chuck Roast becomes more tender when roasted and braised. This part of the cut is considered to be protein-rich

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Bottom Round Roast

For lean beef cuts, Bottom round cuts are the perfect cut of beef for you. It comes from the round primal or beef hip, it tends to be more muscular making it a great value for beef cuts. Considered to be one of the best cuts for beef. Since fat content is much lower with this cut therefore it is less tender. Because of that, the bottom round roast is not an ideal cut for steaks but is a perfect cut for roasting.

Top Round Roast

Another type of beef roast is the Top round roast. It is a cut taken from the upper thigh of the cow. It is the most tender and juicy roast you can find. Since the cut is the softest, you can make and cook different dishes out of it.

Types Of Beef Roasts

Scotch Tender

If you are looking for a leaner cut than the bottom round, Scotch Tender is the perfect beef cut for you. It comes from the animal’s shoulders, the region considered as the working muscle.

The name of this beef cut basically comes from the shape of the cut, a long and narrow cut with a pointed tip. It is also similar to beef tenderloin, another type of beef cut that is also cut from the shoulders.

If you want to achieve as much beefy flavor and tenderness, you may need to roast in low heat settings for a couple of hours. Scotch Tender gives a beefy flavor and it has absolutely no fat at all, all muscles.

This type of Beef roast is also known as Chuck Filet, Chuck Eye and Medallion Pot Roast.

Coulotte Roast

For a large, boneless, lean cut with a thin layer of fat, Beef Coulotte is the beef cut for you. It comes from the sirloin tip roast cap of the cattle. The thin layer of fat that is attached to the Coulotte keeps the roast moist and flavorful.

For that mouth-watering juicy and flavorful beef roast, you can roast it as a whole pairing it with a smoky rub and leaving it in slow cooking for a few hours.

Eye of Round Roast

Another type of beef roast is the Eye of round roast. It comes from the front leg which is just behind the shank and the rump. It is the long muscle that is found at the center. Since the eye of the round cut is from the “working” muscle, it does not contain any fat but with a rich beefy flavor.

Although the eye round may appear tender, it is actually a tough and lean roast. An eye-round roast that is either cooked too fat using a high level of heat will still remain tough. Therefore, to achieve a tender eye-round roast, you may need to prepare the beef cut before roasting it. Preparing means eye round cut is seasoned with salt and pepper overnight.

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Ribeye Roast (Rib Roast)

Ribeye cut (Rib roast) is a tender, very flavorful beefy flavor cut of beet. It comes from the rib area of the animal, the cut basically comes from the rib roast or also known as prime rib roast, particularly at the center of the rib area.

Once you cut rib roast from the center of the rib area, prime rib roast or rib roast is considered to be the tenderest and flavorful and palatable beef roast.

The most common type of rib roast ate the rolled rib roast and the standing rib roast.

Types Of Beef Roasts – Complete List And Guide 2022

types of beef roasts

Planning a dinner for a special occasion?

Savory, rich, and delightful—there’s no denying that beef roasts deliver the most impact in any table setup.

The key is choosing the right type of beef roast that fits your budget, your cooking style, and your skill level.

Luckily, you’ve got more than enough types to choose from.

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If you love your beef, you probably already know there are many kinds of beef roasts you can choose to devour.

After all, beef roasts are basically any kind of dish where the beef is roasted.

Depending on the cut used, we have identified 10 different types you can try cooking.

Of course, not all of them are equally as savory, juicy, and delicious as the other because different beef cuts cook differently.

Like any other recipe, the first step to making beef roast is choosing the cut of beef to use.


cut of roasts

A trip to the butcher shop will open your eyes to the three cuts of beef used in making roasts.

Roasts are not cheap, nor are they quick and easy to make.

Since you will have to invest time, effort, and money into making it, you would have better chances for success if you know which cut to buy.


Ordinary roasts are the most common kind you will find on dinner tables.

Treat them as “general-purpose” roasts, perfect for regular weekend dinners with family and friends.

The leftovers are your ideal kind of roast to slice up and turn into sandwiches.


Choose tough cuts if you have enough time for slow cooking them.

When we say “slow-cook,” we mean anywhere from six to eight hours, sometimes even longer.

Be careful not to overcook it, though. Once it dries out, it will lose the very thing that causes all of us to drool—its juiciness!

Tough cuts are the perfect choice for pot roasts and pulled beef.


Obviously, these are cuts that are worth shelling out extra cash for.

They are the best and the most tender parts, making them the stars of special occasion dinners.

Compared to the other cuts, these are the easiest to cook, so you won’t have to stress yourself out worrying about ruining them.


different types of beef roasts

For your dish to be successful, you have to learn about the different types of beef roasts and how to make them.

When thinking of which cut to choose, remember that if it’s a muscle that is used often, it will be a tough cut.


Coming from the cattle’s short loin, a New York strip roast boasts a marbled and incredibly tender cut of meat.

If you’ve tried eating New York strip steak before, you’ll love this larger version.

To serve it at home, roast the entire thing with your favorite rub and set it up as the table’s centerpiece.


If you like it low and slow, you would love beef brisket.

It comes from the cattle’s chest area, receiving lots of exercises, so it requires slow cooking.

Unlike other cuts, it has an aesthetically pleasing grain and is loaded with fat.

You can build up its flavor either by grilling, smoking, or braising.


Among the best cuts for roast beef is the bottom round. It comes from the round primal, making it a very lean cut of meat.

To achieve maximum flavor and tenderness, cook it low and slow.

If you think you need more fat, you can always toss in some strips of bacon. It also goes well with carrots, thyme, and tarragon.


Perhaps a much leaner cut than the bottom round is the Scotch tender. It comes from the cattle’s shoulder, so it really is a “worked” muscle.

Having virtually no fat, it gives off a rich beefy flavor you won’t find in any other cut of meat.

Again, you want to cook it in a low-heat setting for many hours to achieve the tenderness and flavor you want.


Imagine this: a thick, boneless chunk of meat with a thin layer of fat on top.

Can you imagine just how flavorful and juicy the roast would come out?

Made from sirloin, a Coulotte roast is both rich and tender.

Pair it with your favorite smoky rub, and then leave it to roast for hours.


Cut from the middle of the rib, you can expect this premium cut to be the tenderest roast you will ever cook.

It also has an ample amount of marbling, so you’ll have a juicy, large-sized chunk of meat to devour.

Regardless if you roast it whole or cut it into smaller steaks, its beefy flavor and rich texture won’t disappoint.

Health Benefits of Eating Beef

Beef is a very versatile meat. It can be cooked both fast and slow, tastes great on its own or combined with other foods and works well in batches in the freezer. The man who eats only beef, fresh or rotten, drinks water, sleeps on bare ground and never gets ill is no more than a figment of imagination. There are however many health benefits of beef.

1. Maintaining muscle mass

Like all types of meat, beef is an excellent source of high-quality protein.

It contains all of the essential amino acids and is referred to as a complete protein.

Many people — especially older adults — don’t consume enough high-quality protein.

Inadequate protein intake may accelerate age-related muscle wasting, increasing your risk of an adverse condition known as sarcopenia.

Sarcopenia is a serious health issue among older adults but can be prevented or reversed with strength exercises and increased protein intake.

The best dietary sources of protein are animal-derived foods, such as meat, fish, and milk products.

In the context of a healthy lifestyle, regular consumption of beef — or other sources of high-quality protein — may help preserve muscle mass, reducing your risk of sarcopenia.

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2. Improved exercise performance

Carnosine is a compound important for muscle function.

It’s formed in your body from beta-alanine, a dietary amino acid found in high amounts in fish and meat — including beef.

Supplementing with high doses of beta-alanine for 4–10 weeks has been shown to lead to a 40–80% increase in carnosine levels in muscles.

In contrast, following a strict vegetarian diet may lead to lower levels of carnosine in muscles over time.

In human muscles, high levels of carnosine have been linked to reduced fatigue and improved performance during exercise.

Additionally, controlled studies suggest that beta-alanine supplements can improve running time and strength.

3. Anemia prevention

Anemia is a common condition, characterized by a decreased number of red blood cells and reduced ability of the blood to carry oxygen.

Iron deficiency is one of the most common causes of anemia. The main symptoms are tiredness and weakness.

Beef is a rich source of iron — mainly in the form of heme iron.

Only found in animal-derived foods, heme iron is often very low in vegetarian — and especially vegan — diets.

Your body absorbs heme iron much more efficiently than non-heme iron — the type of iron in plant-derived foods.

Thus, meat not only contains a highly bioavailable form of iron but also improves the absorption of non-heme iron from plant foods — a mechanism that has not been fully explained and is referred to as the “meat factor.”

A few studies indicate that meat can increase the absorption of non-heme iron even in meals that contain phytic acid, an inhibitor of iron absorption.

Another study found that meat supplements were more effective than iron tablets at maintaining iron status in women during a period of exercise.

Therefore, eating meat is one of the best ways to prevent iron deficiency anemia.


Rich in high-quality protein, beef may help maintain and grow muscle mass. Its beta-alanine content may reduce fatigue and improve exercise performance. Plus, beef may prevent iron deficiency anemia.

4. Beef and heart disease

Heart disease is the world’s most common cause of premature death.

It’s a term for various conditions related to the heart and blood vessels, such as heart attacks, strokes, and high blood pressure.

Observational studies on red meat and heart disease provide mixed results.

Some studies detect an increased risk for both unprocessed and processed red meat, a few showed an increased risk for processed meat only, and others reported no significant association at all.

Keep in mind that observational studies cannot prove cause and effect. They only show that meat eaters are either more or less likely to get a disease.

It’s possible that meat consumption is just a marker of unhealthy behavior, but negative health effects are not caused by the meat itself.

For example, many health-conscious people avoid red meat because it has been claimed to be unhealthy.

Additionally, people who eat meat are more likely to be overweight and less likely to exercise or eat a lot of fruits, vegetables, and fiber

Of course, most observational studies try to correct these factors, but the accuracy of the statistical adjustments may not always be perfect.

5. Saturated fat and heart disease

Several theories have been proposed to explain the link between meat consumption and heart disease.

The most popular is the diet-heart hypothesis — the idea that saturated fat increases your risk of heart disease by raising cholesterol levels in your blood.

The diet-heart hypothesis is controversial, and the evidence is mixed. Not all studies observe a significant link between saturated fat and heart disease

Still, most health authorities advise people

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